You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
 
 
 
 
 
 
util-linux/libblkid/src/encode.c

305 lines
6.0 KiB

/*
* encode.c - string conversion routines (mostly for compatibility with
* udev/volume_id)
*
* Copyright (C) 2008 Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
* Copyright (C) 2009 Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com>
*
* This file may be redistributed under the terms of the
* GNU Lesser General Public License.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include "blkidP.h"
#define UDEV_ALLOWED_CHARS_INPUT "/ $%?,"
/**
* SECTION: encode
* @title: Encoding utils
* @short_description: encode strings to safe udev-compatible formats
*
*/
/* count of characters used to encode one unicode char */
static int utf8_encoded_expected_len(const char *str)
{
unsigned char c = (unsigned char)str[0];
if (c < 0x80)
return 1;
if ((c & 0xe0) == 0xc0)
return 2;
if ((c & 0xf0) == 0xe0)
return 3;
if ((c & 0xf8) == 0xf0)
return 4;
if ((c & 0xfc) == 0xf8)
return 5;
if ((c & 0xfe) == 0xfc)
return 6;
return 0;
}
/* decode one unicode char */
static int utf8_encoded_to_unichar(const char *str)
{
int unichar;
int len;
int i;
len = utf8_encoded_expected_len(str);
switch (len) {
case 1:
return (int)str[0];
case 2:
unichar = str[0] & 0x1f;
break;
case 3:
unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x0f;
break;
case 4:
unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x07;
break;
case 5:
unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x03;
break;
case 6:
unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x01;
break;
default:
return -1;
}
for (i = 1; i < len; i++) {
if (((int)str[i] & 0xc0) != 0x80)
return -1;
unichar <<= 6;
unichar |= (int)str[i] & 0x3f;
}
return unichar;
}
/* expected size used to encode one unicode char */
static int utf8_unichar_to_encoded_len(int unichar)
{
if (unichar < 0x80)
return 1;
if (unichar < 0x800)
return 2;
if (unichar < 0x10000)
return 3;
if (unichar < 0x200000)
return 4;
if (unichar < 0x4000000)
return 5;
return 6;
}
/* check if unicode char has a valid numeric range */
static int utf8_unichar_valid_range(int unichar)
{
if (unichar > 0x10ffff)
return 0;
if ((unichar & 0xfffff800) == 0xd800)
return 0;
if ((unichar > 0xfdcf) && (unichar < 0xfdf0))
return 0;
if ((unichar & 0xffff) == 0xffff)
return 0;
return 1;
}
/* validate one encoded unicode char and return its length */
static int utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(const char *str)
{
int len;
int unichar;
int i;
len = utf8_encoded_expected_len(str);
if (len == 0)
return -1;
/* ascii is valid */
if (len == 1)
return 1;
/* check if expected encoded chars are available */
for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
if ((str[i] & 0x80) != 0x80)
return -1;
unichar = utf8_encoded_to_unichar(str);
/* check if encoded length matches encoded value */
if (utf8_unichar_to_encoded_len(unichar) != len)
return -1;
/* check if value has valid range */
if (!utf8_unichar_valid_range(unichar))
return -1;
return len;
}
static int replace_whitespace(const char *str, char *to, size_t len)
{
size_t i, j;
/* strip trailing whitespace */
len = strnlen(str, len);
while (len && isspace(str[len-1]))
len--;
/* strip leading whitespace */
i = 0;
while ((i < len) && isspace(str[i]))
i++;
j = 0;
while (i < len) {
/* substitute multiple whitespace with a single '_' */
if (isspace(str[i])) {
while (isspace(str[i]))
i++;
to[j++] = '_';
}
to[j++] = str[i++];
}
to[j] = '\0';
return 0;
}
static int is_whitelisted(char c, const char *white)
{
if ((c >= '0' && c <= '9') ||
(c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') ||
(c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') ||
strchr("#+-.:=@_", c) != NULL ||
(white != NULL && strchr(white, c) != NULL))
return 1;
return 0;
}
/* allow chars in whitelist, plain ascii, hex-escaping and valid utf8 */
static int replace_chars(char *str, const char *white)
{
size_t i = 0;
int replaced = 0;
while (str[i] != '\0') {
int len;
if (is_whitelisted(str[i], white)) {
i++;
continue;
}
/* accept hex encoding */
if (str[i] == '\\' && str[i+1] == 'x') {
i += 2;
continue;
}
/* accept valid utf8 */
len = utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(&str[i]);
if (len > 1) {
i += len;
continue;
}
/* if space is allowed, replace whitespace with ordinary space */
if (isspace(str[i]) && white != NULL && strchr(white, ' ') != NULL) {
str[i] = ' ';
i++;
replaced++;
continue;
}
/* everything else is replaced with '_' */
str[i] = '_';
i++;
replaced++;
}
return replaced;
}
/**
* blkid_encode_string:
* @str: input string to be encoded
* @str_enc: output string to store the encoded input string
* @len: maximum size of the output string, which may be
* four times as long as the input string
*
* Encode all potentially unsafe characters of a string to the
* corresponding hex value prefixed by '\x'.
*
* Returns: 0 if the entire string was copied, non-zero otherwise.
**/
int blkid_encode_string(const char *str, char *str_enc, size_t len)
{
size_t i, j;
if (!str || !str_enc || !len)
return -1;
for (i = 0, j = 0; str[i] != '\0'; i++) {
int seqlen;
seqlen = utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(&str[i]);
if (seqlen > 1) {
if (len-j < (size_t)seqlen)
goto err;
memcpy(&str_enc[j], &str[i], seqlen);
j += seqlen;
i += (seqlen-1);
} else if (str[i] == '\\' || !is_whitelisted(str[i], NULL)) {
if (len-j < 4)
goto err;
sprintf(&str_enc[j], "\\x%02x", (unsigned char) str[i]);
j += 4;
} else {
if (len-j < 1)
goto err;
str_enc[j] = str[i];
j++;
}
if (j+3 >= len)
goto err;
}
if (len-j < 1)
goto err;
str_enc[j] = '\0';
return 0;
err:
return -1;
}
/**
* blkid_safe_string:
* @str: input string
* @str_safe: output string
* @len: size of output string
*
* Allows plain ascii, hex-escaping and valid utf8. Replaces all whitespaces
* with '_'.
*
* Returns: 0 on success or -1 in case of error.
*/
int blkid_safe_string(const char *str, char *str_safe, size_t len)
{
if (!str || !str_safe || !len)
return -1;
replace_whitespace(str, str_safe, len);
replace_chars(str_safe, UDEV_ALLOWED_CHARS_INPUT);
return 0;
}