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util-linux/sys-utils/ipcs.c

675 lines
18 KiB

/* Original author unknown, may be "krishna balasub@cis.ohio-state.edu" */
/*
* Modified Sat Oct 9 10:55:28 1993 for 0.99.13
*
* Patches from Mike Jagdis (jaggy@purplet.demon.co.uk) applied Wed Feb 8
* 12:12:21 1995 by faith@cs.unc.edu to print numeric uids if no passwd file
* entry.
*
* Patch from arnolds@ifns.de (Heinz-Ado Arnolds) applied Mon Jul 1 19:30:41
* 1996 by janl@math.uio.no to add code missing in case PID: clauses.
*
* Patched to display the key field -- hy@picksys.com 12/18/96
*
* 1999-02-22 Arkadiusz Miśkiewicz <misiek@pld.ORG.PL>
* - added Native Language Support
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include "c.h"
#include "nls.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "timeutils.h"
#include "ipcutils.h"
enum output_formats {
NOTSPECIFIED,
LIMITS,
STATUS,
CREATOR,
TIME,
PID
};
enum {
OPT_HUMAN = CHAR_MAX + 1
};
static void do_shm (char format, int unit);
static void print_shm (int id, int unit);
static void do_sem (char format);
static void print_sem (int id);
static void do_msg (char format, int unit);
static void print_msg (int id, int unit);
static inline char *ctime64(int64_t *t)
{
static char buf[CTIME_BUFSIZ];
/* we read time as int64_t from /proc, so cast... */
ctime_r((time_t *)t, buf);
return buf;
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out, _(" %1$s [resource-option...] [output-option]\n"
" %1$s -m|-q|-s -i <id>\n"), program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Show information on IPC facilities.\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
fputs(_(" -i, --id <id> print details on resource identified by <id>\n"), out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(16));
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Resource options:\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -m, --shmems shared memory segments\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -q, --queues message queues\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -s, --semaphores semaphores\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -a, --all all (default)\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Output options:\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -t, --time show attach, detach and change times\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -p, --pid show PIDs of creator and last operator\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -c, --creator show creator and owner\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -l, --limits show resource limits\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -u, --summary show status summary\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --human show sizes in human-readable format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -b, --bytes show sizes in bytes\n"), out);
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("ipcs(1)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
int main (int argc, char **argv)
{
int opt, msg = 0, shm = 0, sem = 0, id = 0, specific = 0;
char format = NOTSPECIFIED;
int unit = IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT;
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{"id", required_argument, NULL, 'i'},
{"queues", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
{"shmems", no_argument, NULL, 'm'},
{"semaphores", no_argument, NULL, 's'},
{"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
{"time", no_argument, NULL, 't'},
{"pid", no_argument, NULL, 'p'},
{"creator", no_argument, NULL, 'c'},
{"limits", no_argument, NULL, 'l'},
{"summary", no_argument, NULL, 'u'},
{"human", no_argument, NULL, OPT_HUMAN},
{"bytes", no_argument, NULL, 'b'},
{"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'},
{"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
{NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};
char options[] = "i:qmsatpclubVh";
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
while ((opt = getopt_long(argc, argv, options, longopts, NULL)) != -1) {
switch (opt) {
case 'i':
id = atoi (optarg);
specific = 1;
break;
case 'a':
msg = shm = sem = 1;
break;
case 'q':
msg = 1;
break;
case 'm':
shm = 1;
break;
case 's':
sem = 1;
break;
case 't':
format = TIME;
break;
case 'c':
format = CREATOR;
break;
case 'p':
format = PID;
break;
case 'l':
format = LIMITS;
break;
case 'u':
format = STATUS;
break;
case OPT_HUMAN:
unit = IPC_UNIT_HUMAN;
break;
case 'b':
unit = IPC_UNIT_BYTES;
break;
case 'h':
usage();
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
if (specific && (msg + shm + sem != 1))
errx (EXIT_FAILURE,
_("when using an ID, a single resource must be specified"));
if (specific) {
if (msg)
print_msg (id, unit);
if (shm)
print_shm (id, unit);
if (sem)
print_sem (id);
} else {
if (!msg && !shm && !sem)
msg = shm = sem = 1;
printf ("\n");
if (msg) {
do_msg (format, unit);
printf ("\n");
}
if (shm) {
do_shm (format, unit);
printf ("\n");
}
if (sem) {
do_sem (format);
printf ("\n");
}
}
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
static void do_shm (char format, int unit)
{
struct passwd *pw;
struct shm_data *shmds, *shmdsp;
switch (format) {
case LIMITS:
{
struct ipc_limits lim;
uint64_t tmp, pgsz = getpagesize();
if (ipc_shm_get_limits(&lim)) {
printf (_("unable to fetch shared memory limits\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Limits --------\n"));
printf (_("max number of segments = %ju\n"), lim.shmmni);
ipc_print_size(unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? IPC_UNIT_KB : unit,
_("max seg size"), lim.shmmax, "\n", 0);
tmp = (uint64_t) lim.shmall * pgsz;
/* overflow handling, at least we don't print ridiculous small values */
if (lim.shmall != 0 && tmp / lim.shmall != pgsz) {
tmp = UINT64_MAX - (UINT64_MAX % pgsz);
}
ipc_print_size(unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? IPC_UNIT_KB : unit,
_("max total shared memory"), tmp, "\n", 0);
ipc_print_size(unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? IPC_UNIT_BYTES : unit,
_("min seg size"), lim.shmmin, "\n", 0);
return;
}
case STATUS:
{
int maxid;
struct shmid_ds shmbuf;
struct shm_info *shm_info;
maxid = shmctl (0, SHM_INFO, &shmbuf);
shm_info = (struct shm_info *) &shmbuf;
if (maxid < 0) {
printf (_("kernel not configured for shared memory\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Status --------\n"));
/*
* TRANSLATORS: This output format is maintained for backward
* compatibility as ipcs is used in scripts. For consistency
* with the rest, the translated form can follow this model:
*
* "segments allocated = %d\n"
* "pages allocated = %ld\n"
* "pages resident = %ld\n"
* "pages swapped = %ld\n"
* "swap performance = %ld attempts, %ld successes\n"
*/
printf (_("segments allocated %d\n"
"pages allocated %ld\n"
"pages resident %ld\n"
"pages swapped %ld\n"
"Swap performance: %ld attempts\t %ld successes\n"),
shm_info->used_ids,
shm_info->shm_tot,
shm_info->shm_rss,
shm_info->shm_swp,
shm_info->swap_attempts, shm_info->swap_successes);
return;
}
/*
* Headers only
*/
case CREATOR:
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Segment Creators/Owners --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("shmid"),_("perms"),_("cuid"),_("cgid"),_("uid"),_("gid"));
break;
case TIME:
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Attach/Detach/Change Times --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-20s %-20s %-20s\n",
_("shmid"),_("owner"),_("attached"),_("detached"),
_("changed"));
break;
case PID:
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Creator/Last-op PIDs --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("shmid"),_("owner"),_("cpid"),_("lpid"));
break;
default:
printf (_("------ Shared Memory Segments --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-12s\n",
_("key"),_("shmid"),_("owner"),_("perms"),
unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN ? _("size") : _("bytes"),
_("nattch"),_("status"));
break;
}
/*
* Print data
*/
if (ipc_shm_get_info(-1, &shmds) < 1)
return;
for (shmdsp = shmds; shmdsp->next != NULL; shmdsp = shmdsp->next) {
if (format == CREATOR) {
ipc_print_perms(stdout, &shmdsp->shm_perm);
continue;
}
pw = getpwuid(shmdsp->shm_perm.uid);
switch (format) {
case TIME:
if (pw)
printf ("%-10d %-10.10s", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-10d %-10u", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, shmdsp->shm_perm.uid);
/* ctime uses static buffer: use separate calls */
printf(" %-20.16s", shmdsp->shm_atim
? ctime64(&shmdsp->shm_atim) + 4 : _("Not set"));
printf(" %-20.16s", shmdsp->shm_dtim
? ctime64(&shmdsp->shm_dtim) + 4 : _("Not set"));
printf(" %-20.16s\n", shmdsp->shm_ctim
? ctime64(&shmdsp->shm_ctim) + 4 : _("Not set"));
break;
case PID:
if (pw)
printf ("%-10d %-10.10s", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-10d %-10u", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, shmdsp->shm_perm.uid);
printf (" %-10u %-10u\n",
shmdsp->shm_cprid, shmdsp->shm_lprid);
break;
default:
printf("0x%08x ", shmdsp->shm_perm.key);
if (pw)
printf ("%-10d %-10.10s", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-10d %-10u", shmdsp->shm_perm.id, shmdsp->shm_perm.uid);
printf (" %-10o ", shmdsp->shm_perm.mode & 0777);
if (unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN)
ipc_print_size(unit, NULL, shmdsp->shm_segsz, " ", 6);
else
ipc_print_size(unit, NULL, shmdsp->shm_segsz, NULL, -10);
printf (" %-10ju %-6s %-6s\n",
shmdsp->shm_nattch,
shmdsp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_DEST ? _("dest") : " ",
shmdsp->shm_perm.mode & SHM_LOCKED ? _("locked") : " ");
break;
}
}
ipc_shm_free_info(shmds);
return;
}
static void do_sem (char format)
{
struct passwd *pw;
struct sem_data *semds, *semdsp;
switch (format) {
case LIMITS:
{
struct ipc_limits lim;
if (ipc_sem_get_limits(&lim)) {
printf (_("unable to fetch semaphore limits\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Semaphore Limits --------\n"));
printf (_("max number of arrays = %d\n"), lim.semmni);
printf (_("max semaphores per array = %d\n"), lim.semmsl);
printf (_("max semaphores system wide = %d\n"), lim.semmns);
printf (_("max ops per semop call = %d\n"), lim.semopm);
printf (_("semaphore max value = %u\n"), lim.semvmx);
return;
}
case STATUS:
{
struct seminfo seminfo;
union semun arg;
arg.array = (ushort *) (void *) &seminfo;
if (semctl (0, 0, SEM_INFO, arg) < 0) {
printf (_("kernel not configured for semaphores\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Semaphore Status --------\n"));
printf (_("used arrays = %d\n"), seminfo.semusz);
printf (_("allocated semaphores = %d\n"), seminfo.semaem);
return;
}
case CREATOR:
printf (_("------ Semaphore Arrays Creators/Owners --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("semid"),_("perms"),_("cuid"),_("cgid"),_("uid"),_("gid"));
break;
case TIME:
printf (_("------ Semaphore Operation/Change Times --------\n"));
printf ("%-8s %-10s %-26.24s %-26.24s\n",
_("semid"),_("owner"),_("last-op"),_("last-changed"));
break;
case PID:
break;
default:
printf (_("------ Semaphore Arrays --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("key"),_("semid"),_("owner"),_("perms"),_("nsems"));
break;
}
/*
* Print data
*/
if (ipc_sem_get_info(-1, &semds) < 1)
return;
for (semdsp = semds; semdsp->next != NULL; semdsp = semdsp->next) {
if (format == CREATOR) {
ipc_print_perms(stdout, &semdsp->sem_perm);
continue;
}
pw = getpwuid(semdsp->sem_perm.uid);
switch (format) {
case TIME:
if (pw)
printf ("%-8d %-10.10s", semdsp->sem_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-8d %-10u", semdsp->sem_perm.id, semdsp->sem_perm.uid);
printf (" %-26.24s", semdsp->sem_otime
? ctime64(&semdsp->sem_otime) : _("Not set"));
printf (" %-26.24s\n", semdsp->sem_ctime
? ctime64( &semdsp->sem_ctime) : _("Not set"));
break;
case PID:
break;
default:
printf("0x%08x ", semdsp->sem_perm.key);
if (pw)
printf ("%-10d %-10.10s", semdsp->sem_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-10d %-10u", semdsp->sem_perm.id, semdsp->sem_perm.uid);
printf (" %-10o %-10ju\n",
semdsp->sem_perm.mode & 0777,
semdsp->sem_nsems);
break;
}
}
ipc_sem_free_info(semds);
return;
}
static void do_msg (char format, int unit)
{
struct passwd *pw;
struct msg_data *msgds, *msgdsp;
switch (format) {
case LIMITS:
{
struct ipc_limits lim;
if (ipc_msg_get_limits(&lim)) {
printf (_("unable to fetch message limits\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Messages Limits --------\n"));
printf (_("max queues system wide = %d\n"), lim.msgmni);
ipc_print_size(unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? IPC_UNIT_BYTES : unit,
_("max size of message"), lim.msgmax, "\n", 0);
ipc_print_size(unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? IPC_UNIT_BYTES : unit,
_("default max size of queue"), lim.msgmnb, "\n", 0);
return;
}
case STATUS:
{
struct msginfo msginfo;
if (msgctl (0, MSG_INFO, (struct msqid_ds *) (void *) &msginfo) < 0) {
printf (_("kernel not configured for message queues\n"));
return;
}
printf (_("------ Messages Status --------\n"));
#ifndef __FreeBSD_kernel__
printf (_("allocated queues = %d\n"), msginfo.msgpool);
printf (_("used headers = %d\n"), msginfo.msgmap);
#endif
ipc_print_size(unit, _("used space"), msginfo.msgtql,
unit == IPC_UNIT_DEFAULT ? _(" bytes\n") : "\n", 0);
return;
}
case CREATOR:
printf (_("------ Message Queues Creators/Owners --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("msqid"),_("perms"),_("cuid"),_("cgid"),_("uid"),_("gid"));
break;
case TIME:
printf (_("------ Message Queues Send/Recv/Change Times --------\n"));
printf ("%-8s %-10s %-20s %-20s %-20s\n",
_("msqid"),_("owner"),_("send"),_("recv"),_("change"));
break;
case PID:
printf (_("------ Message Queues PIDs --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("msqid"),_("owner"),_("lspid"),_("lrpid"));
break;
default:
printf (_("------ Message Queues --------\n"));
printf ("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-12s %-12s\n",
_("key"), _("msqid"), _("owner"), _("perms"),
unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN ? _("size") : _("used-bytes"),
_("messages"));
break;
}
/*
* Print data
*/
if (ipc_msg_get_info(-1, &msgds) < 1)
return;
for (msgdsp = msgds; msgdsp->next != NULL; msgdsp = msgdsp->next) {
if (format == CREATOR) {
ipc_print_perms(stdout, &msgdsp->msg_perm);
continue;
}
pw = getpwuid(msgdsp->msg_perm.uid);
switch (format) {
case TIME:
if (pw)
printf ("%-8d %-10.10s", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-8d %-10u", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, msgdsp->msg_perm.uid);
printf (" %-20.16s", msgdsp->q_stime
? ctime64(&msgdsp->q_stime) + 4 : _("Not set"));
printf (" %-20.16s", msgdsp->q_rtime
? ctime64(&msgdsp->q_rtime) + 4 : _("Not set"));
printf (" %-20.16s\n", msgdsp->q_ctime
? ctime64(&msgdsp->q_ctime) + 4 : _("Not set"));
break;
case PID:
if (pw)
printf ("%-8d %-10.10s", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-8d %-10u", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, msgdsp->msg_perm.uid);
printf (" %5d %5d\n",
msgdsp->q_lspid, msgdsp->q_lrpid);
break;
default:
printf( "0x%08x ",msgdsp->msg_perm.key );
if (pw)
printf ("%-10d %-10.10s", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, pw->pw_name);
else
printf ("%-10d %-10u", msgdsp->msg_perm.id, msgdsp->msg_perm.uid);
printf (" %-10o ", msgdsp->msg_perm.mode & 0777);
if (unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN)
ipc_print_size(unit, NULL, msgdsp->q_cbytes, " ", 6);
else
ipc_print_size(unit, NULL, msgdsp->q_cbytes, NULL, -12);
printf (" %-12ju\n", msgdsp->q_qnum);
break;
}
}
ipc_msg_free_info(msgds);
return;
}
static void print_shm(int shmid, int unit)
{
struct shm_data *shmdata;
if (ipc_shm_get_info(shmid, &shmdata) < 1) {
warnx(_("id %d not found"), shmid);
return;
}
printf(_("\nShared memory Segment shmid=%d\n"), shmid);
printf(_("uid=%u\tgid=%u\tcuid=%u\tcgid=%u\n"),
shmdata->shm_perm.uid, shmdata->shm_perm.gid,
shmdata->shm_perm.cuid, shmdata->shm_perm.cgid);
printf(_("mode=%#o\taccess_perms=%#o\n"), shmdata->shm_perm.mode,
shmdata->shm_perm.mode & 0777);
ipc_print_size(unit, unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN ? _("size=") : _("bytes="),
shmdata->shm_segsz, "\t", 0);
printf(_("lpid=%u\tcpid=%u\tnattch=%jd\n"),
shmdata->shm_lprid, shmdata->shm_cprid,
shmdata->shm_nattch);
printf(_("att_time=%-26.24s\n"),
shmdata->shm_atim ? ctime64(&(shmdata->shm_atim)) : _("Not set"));
printf(_("det_time=%-26.24s\n"),
shmdata->shm_dtim ? ctime64(&shmdata->shm_dtim) : _("Not set"));
printf(_("change_time=%-26.24s\n"), ctime64(&shmdata->shm_ctim));
printf("\n");
ipc_shm_free_info(shmdata);
}
static void print_msg(int msgid, int unit)
{
struct msg_data *msgdata;
if (ipc_msg_get_info(msgid, &msgdata) < 1) {
warnx(_("id %d not found"), msgid);
return;
}
printf(_("\nMessage Queue msqid=%d\n"), msgid);
printf(_("uid=%u\tgid=%u\tcuid=%u\tcgid=%u\tmode=%#o\n"),
msgdata->msg_perm.uid, msgdata->msg_perm.gid,
msgdata->msg_perm.cuid, msgdata->msg_perm.cgid,
msgdata->msg_perm.mode);
ipc_print_size(unit, unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN ? _("csize=") : _("cbytes="),
msgdata->q_cbytes, "\t", 0);
ipc_print_size(unit, unit == IPC_UNIT_HUMAN ? _("qsize=") : _("qbytes="),
msgdata->q_qbytes, "\t", 0);
printf("qnum=%jd\tlspid=%d\tlrpid=%d\n",
msgdata->q_qnum,
msgdata->q_lspid, msgdata->q_lrpid);
printf(_("send_time=%-26.24s\n"),
msgdata->q_stime ? ctime64(&msgdata->q_stime) : _("Not set"));
printf(_("rcv_time=%-26.24s\n"),
msgdata->q_rtime ? ctime64(&msgdata->q_rtime) : _("Not set"));
printf(_("change_time=%-26.24s\n"),
msgdata->q_ctime ? ctime64(&msgdata->q_ctime) : _("Not set"));
printf("\n");
ipc_msg_free_info(msgdata);
}
static void print_sem(int semid)
{
struct sem_data *semdata;
size_t i;
if (ipc_sem_get_info(semid, &semdata) < 1) {
warnx(_("id %d not found"), semid);
return;
}
printf(_("\nSemaphore Array semid=%d\n"), semid);
printf(_("uid=%u\t gid=%u\t cuid=%u\t cgid=%u\n"),
semdata->sem_perm.uid, semdata->sem_perm.gid,
semdata->sem_perm.cuid, semdata->sem_perm.cgid);
printf(_("mode=%#o, access_perms=%#o\n"),
semdata->sem_perm.mode, semdata->sem_perm.mode & 0777);
printf(_("nsems = %ju\n"), semdata->sem_nsems);
printf(_("otime = %-26.24s\n"),
semdata->sem_otime ? ctime64(&semdata->sem_otime) : _("Not set"));
printf(_("ctime = %-26.24s\n"), ctime64(&semdata->sem_ctime));
printf("%-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s %-10s\n",
_("semnum"), _("value"), _("ncount"), _("zcount"), _("pid"));
for (i = 0; i < semdata->sem_nsems; i++) {
struct sem_elem *e = &semdata->elements[i];
printf("%-10zu %-10d %-10d %-10d %-10d\n",
i, e->semval, e->ncount, e->zcount, e->pid);
}
printf("\n");
ipc_sem_free_info(semdata);
}