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/*
* lslocks(8) - list local system locks
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 Davidlohr Bueso <dave@gnu.org>
*
* Very generally based on lslk(8) by Victor A. Abell <abe@purdue.edu>
* Since it stopped being maintained over a decade ago, this
* program should be considered its replacement.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
* Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <libmount.h>
#include <libsmartcols.h>
#include "pathnames.h"
#include "canonicalize.h"
#include "nls.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "c.h"
#include "list.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "optutils.h"
#include "procfs.h"
/* column IDs */
enum {
COL_SRC = 0,
COL_PID,
COL_TYPE,
COL_SIZE,
COL_INODE,
COL_MAJMIN,
COL_MODE,
COL_M,
COL_START,
COL_END,
COL_PATH,
COL_BLOCKER
};
/* column names */
struct colinfo {
const char *name; /* header */
double whint; /* width hint (N < 1 is in percent of termwidth) */
int flags; /* SCOLS_FL_* */
const char *help;
};
/* columns descriptions */
static struct colinfo infos[] = {
[COL_SRC] = { "COMMAND",15, 0, N_("command of the process holding the lock") },
[COL_PID] = { "PID", 5, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("PID of the process holding the lock") },
[COL_TYPE] = { "TYPE", 5, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("kind of lock") },
[COL_SIZE] = { "SIZE", 4, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("size of the lock") },
[COL_INODE] = { "INODE", 5, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("inode number") },
[COL_MAJMIN] = { "MAJ:MIN", 6, 0, N_("major:minor device number") },
[COL_MODE] = { "MODE", 5, 0, N_("lock access mode") },
[COL_M] = { "M", 1, 0, N_("mandatory state of the lock: 0 (none), 1 (set)")},
[COL_START] = { "START", 10, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("relative byte offset of the lock")},
[COL_END] = { "END", 10, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("ending offset of the lock")},
[COL_PATH] = { "PATH", 0, SCOLS_FL_TRUNC, N_("path of the locked file")},
[COL_BLOCKER] = { "BLOCKER", 0, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("PID of the process blocking the lock") }
};
static int columns[ARRAY_SIZE(infos) * 2];
static size_t ncolumns;
static pid_t pid = 0;
static struct libmnt_table *tab; /* /proc/self/mountinfo */
/* basic output flags */
static int no_headings;
static int no_inaccessible;
static int raw;
static int json;
static int bytes;
struct lock {
struct list_head locks;
char *cmdname;
pid_t pid;
char *path;
char *type;
char *mode;
off_t start;
off_t end;
ino_t inode;
dev_t dev;
unsigned int mandatory :1,
blocked :1;
uint64_t size;
int id;
};
static void rem_lock(struct lock *lock)
{
if (!lock)
return;
free(lock->path);
free(lock->mode);
free(lock->cmdname);
free(lock->type);
list_del(&lock->locks);
free(lock);
}
static void disable_columns_truncate(void)
{
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); i++)
infos[i].flags &= ~SCOLS_FL_TRUNC;
}
/*
* Associate the device's mountpoint for a filename
*/
static char *get_fallback_filename(dev_t dev)
{
struct libmnt_fs *fs;
char *res = NULL;
if (!tab) {
tab = mnt_new_table_from_file(_PATH_PROC_MOUNTINFO);
if (!tab)
return NULL;
}
fs = mnt_table_find_devno(tab, dev, MNT_ITER_BACKWARD);
if (!fs)
return NULL;
xasprintf(&res, "%s...", mnt_fs_get_target(fs));
return res;
}
/*
* Return the absolute path of a file from
* a given inode number (and its size)
*/
static char *get_filename_sz(ino_t inode, pid_t lock_pid, size_t *size)
{
struct stat sb;
struct dirent *dp;
DIR *dirp;
size_t len;
int fd;
char path[PATH_MAX], sym[PATH_MAX], *ret = NULL;
*size = 0;
memset(path, 0, sizeof(path));
memset(sym, 0, sizeof(sym));
/*
* We know the pid so we don't have to
* iterate the *entire* filesystem searching
* for the damn file.
*/
snprintf(path, sizeof(path), "/proc/%d/fd/", lock_pid);
if (!(dirp = opendir(path)))
return NULL;
if ((len = strlen(path)) >= (sizeof(path) - 2))
goto out;
if ((fd = dirfd(dirp)) < 0 )
goto out;
while ((dp = readdir(dirp))) {
if (!strcmp(dp->d_name, ".") ||
!strcmp(dp->d_name, ".."))
continue;
errno = 0;
/* care only for numerical descriptors */
if (!strtol(dp->d_name, (char **) NULL, 10) || errno)
continue;
if (!fstatat(fd, dp->d_name, &sb, 0)
&& inode != sb.st_ino)
continue;
if ((len = readlinkat(fd, dp->d_name, sym, sizeof(sym) - 1)) < 1)
goto out;
*size = sb.st_size;
sym[len] = '\0';
ret = xstrdup(sym);
break;
}
out:
closedir(dirp);
return ret;
}
/*
* Return the inode number from a string
*/
static ino_t get_dev_inode(char *str, dev_t *dev)
{
unsigned int maj = 0, min = 0;
ino_t inum = 0;
if (sscanf(str, "%x:%x:%ju", &maj, &min, &inum) != 3)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to parse '%s'"), str);
*dev = (dev_t) makedev(maj, min);
return inum;
}
static int get_local_locks(struct list_head *locks)
{
int i;
FILE *fp;
char buf[PATH_MAX], *tok = NULL;
size_t sz;
struct lock *l;
if (!(fp = fopen(_PATH_PROC_LOCKS, "r")))
return -1;
while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)) {
l = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*l));
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&l->locks);
for (tok = strtok(buf, " "), i = 0; tok;
tok = strtok(NULL, " "), i++) {
/*
* /proc/locks has *exactly* 8 "blocks" of text
* separated by ' ' - check <kernel>/fs/locks.c
*/
switch (i) {
case 0: /* ID: */
tok[strlen(tok) - 1] = '\0';
l->id = strtos32_or_err(tok, _("failed to parse ID"));
break;
case 1: /* posix, flock, etc */
if (strcmp(tok, "->") == 0) { /* optional field */
l->blocked = 1;
i--;
} else
l->type = xstrdup(tok);
break;
case 2: /* is this a mandatory lock? other values are advisory or noinode */
l->mandatory = *tok == 'M' ? 1 : 0;
break;
case 3: /* lock mode */
l->mode = xstrdup(tok);
break;
case 4: /* PID */
/*
* If user passed a pid we filter it later when adding
* to the list, no need to worry now. OFD locks use -1 PID.
*/
l->pid = strtos32_or_err(tok, _("failed to parse pid"));
if (l->pid > 0) {
l->cmdname = pid_get_cmdname(l->pid);
if (!l->cmdname)
l->cmdname = xstrdup(_("(unknown)"));
} else
l->cmdname = xstrdup(_("(undefined)"));
break;
case 5: /* device major:minor and inode number */
l->inode = get_dev_inode(tok, &l->dev);
break;
case 6: /* start */
l->start = !strcmp(tok, "EOF") ? 0 :
strtou64_or_err(tok, _("failed to parse start"));
break;
case 7: /* end */
/* replace '\n' character */
tok[strlen(tok)-1] = '\0';
l->end = !strcmp(tok, "EOF") ? 0 :
strtou64_or_err(tok, _("failed to parse end"));
break;
default:
break;
}
}
l->path = get_filename_sz(l->inode, l->pid, &sz);
/* no permissions -- ignore */
if (!l->path && no_inaccessible) {
rem_lock(l);
continue;
}
if (!l->path) {
/* probably no permission to peek into l->pid's path */
l->path = get_fallback_filename(l->dev);
l->size = 0;
} else
l->size = sz;
list_add(&l->locks, locks);
}
fclose(fp);
return 0;
}
static int column_name_to_id(const char *name, size_t namesz)
{
size_t i;
assert(name);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); i++) {
const char *cn = infos[i].name;
if (!strncasecmp(name, cn, namesz) && !*(cn + namesz))
return i;
}
warnx(_("unknown column: %s"), name);
return -1;
}
static inline int get_column_id(int num)
{
assert(num >= 0);
assert((size_t) num < ncolumns);
assert(columns[num] < (int) ARRAY_SIZE(infos));
return columns[num];
}
static inline struct colinfo *get_column_info(unsigned num)
{
return &infos[ get_column_id(num) ];
}
static pid_t get_blocker(int id, struct list_head *locks)
{
struct list_head *p;
list_for_each(p, locks) {
struct lock *l = list_entry(p, struct lock, locks);
if (l->id == id && !l->blocked)
return l->pid;
}
return 0;
}
static void add_scols_line(struct libscols_table *table, struct lock *l, struct list_head *locks)
{
size_t i;
struct libscols_line *line;
/*
* Whenever cmdname or filename is NULL it is most
* likely because there's no read permissions
* for the specified process.
*/
const char *notfnd = "";
assert(l);
assert(table);
line = scols_table_new_line(table, NULL);
if (!line)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output line"));
for (i = 0; i < ncolumns; i++) {
char *str = NULL;
switch (get_column_id(i)) {
case COL_SRC:
xasprintf(&str, "%s", l->cmdname ? l->cmdname : notfnd);
break;
case COL_PID:
xasprintf(&str, "%d", l->pid);
break;
case COL_TYPE:
xasprintf(&str, "%s", l->type);
break;
case COL_INODE:
xasprintf(&str, "%ju", (uintmax_t) l->inode);
break;
case COL_MAJMIN:
if (json || raw)
xasprintf(&str, "%u:%u", major(l->dev), minor(l->dev));
else
xasprintf(&str, "%3u:%-3u", major(l->dev), minor(l->dev));
break;
case COL_SIZE:
if (!l->size)
break;
if (bytes)
xasprintf(&str, "%ju", l->size);
else
str = size_to_human_string(SIZE_SUFFIX_1LETTER, l->size);
break;
case COL_MODE:
xasprintf(&str, "%s%s", l->mode, l->blocked ? "*" : "");
break;
case COL_M:
xasprintf(&str, "%d", l->mandatory ? 1 : 0);
break;
case COL_START:
xasprintf(&str, "%jd", l->start);
break;
case COL_END:
xasprintf(&str, "%jd", l->end);
break;
case COL_PATH:
xasprintf(&str, "%s", l->path ? l->path : notfnd);
break;
case COL_BLOCKER:
{
pid_t bl = l->blocked && l->id ?
get_blocker(l->id, locks) : 0;
if (bl)
xasprintf(&str, "%d", (int) bl);
}
default:
break;
}
if (str && scols_line_refer_data(line, i, str))
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to add output data"));
}
}
static int show_locks(struct list_head *locks)
{
int rc = 0;
size_t i;
struct list_head *p, *pnext;
struct libscols_table *table;
table = scols_new_table();
if (!table)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output table"));
scols_table_enable_raw(table, raw);
scols_table_enable_json(table, json);
scols_table_enable_noheadings(table, no_headings);
if (json)
scols_table_set_name(table, "locks");
for (i = 0; i < ncolumns; i++) {
struct libscols_column *cl;
struct colinfo *col = get_column_info(i);
cl = scols_table_new_column(table, col->name, col->whint, col->flags);
if (!cl)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output column"));
if (json) {
int id = get_column_id(i);
switch (id) {
case COL_SIZE:
if (!bytes)
break;
/* fallthrough */
case COL_PID:
case COL_START:
case COL_END:
case COL_BLOCKER:
case COL_INODE:
scols_column_set_json_type(cl, SCOLS_JSON_NUMBER);
break;
case COL_M:
scols_column_set_json_type(cl, SCOLS_JSON_BOOLEAN);
break;
default:
scols_column_set_json_type(cl, SCOLS_JSON_STRING);
break;
}
}
}
/* prepare data for output */
list_for_each(p, locks) {
struct lock *l = list_entry(p, struct lock, locks);
if (pid && pid != l->pid)
continue;
add_scols_line(table, l, locks);
}
/* destroy the list */
list_for_each_safe(p, pnext, locks) {
struct lock *l = list_entry(p, struct lock, locks);
rem_lock(l);
}
scols_print_table(table);
scols_unref_table(table);
return rc;
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
size_t i;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out,
_(" %s [options]\n"), program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("List local system locks.\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
fputs(_(" -b, --bytes print SIZE in bytes rather than in human readable format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -J, --json use JSON output format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -i, --noinaccessible ignore locks without read permissions\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -n, --noheadings don't print headings\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -o, --output <list> define which output columns to use\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --output-all output all columns\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -p, --pid <pid> display only locks held by this process\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -r, --raw use the raw output format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -u, --notruncate don't truncate text in columns\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(24));
fputs(USAGE_COLUMNS, out);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); i++)
fprintf(out, " %11s %s\n", infos[i].name, _(infos[i].help));
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("lslocks(8)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int c, rc = 0;
struct list_head locks;
char *outarg = NULL;
enum {
OPT_OUTPUT_ALL = CHAR_MAX + 1
};
static const struct option long_opts[] = {
{ "bytes", no_argument, NULL, 'b' },
{ "json", no_argument, NULL, 'J' },
{ "pid", required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
{ "output", required_argument, NULL, 'o' },
{ "output-all", no_argument, NULL, OPT_OUTPUT_ALL },
{ "notruncate", no_argument, NULL, 'u' },
{ "version", no_argument, NULL, 'V' },
{ "noheadings", no_argument, NULL, 'n' },
{ "raw", no_argument, NULL, 'r' },
{ "noinaccessible", no_argument, NULL, 'i' },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
};
static const ul_excl_t excl[] = { /* rows and cols in ASCII order */
{ 'J','r' },
{ 0 }
};
int excl_st[ARRAY_SIZE(excl)] = UL_EXCL_STATUS_INIT;
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv,
"biJp:o:nruhV", long_opts, NULL)) != -1) {
err_exclusive_options(c, long_opts, excl, excl_st);
switch(c) {
case 'b':
bytes = 1;
break;
case 'i':
no_inaccessible = 1;
break;
case 'J':
json = 1;
break;
case 'p':
pid = strtos32_or_err(optarg, _("invalid PID argument"));
break;
case 'o':
outarg = optarg;
break;
case OPT_OUTPUT_ALL:
for (ncolumns = 0; ncolumns < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); ncolumns++)
columns[ncolumns] = ncolumns;
break;
case 'n':
no_headings = 1;
break;
case 'r':
raw = 1;
break;
case 'u':
disable_columns_truncate();
break;
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage();
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&locks);
if (!ncolumns) {
/* default columns */
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_SRC;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_PID;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_TYPE;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_SIZE;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_MODE;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_M;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_START;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_END;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_PATH;
}
if (outarg && string_add_to_idarray(outarg, columns, ARRAY_SIZE(columns),
&ncolumns, column_name_to_id) < 0)
return EXIT_FAILURE;
scols_init_debug(0);
rc = get_local_locks(&locks);
if (!rc && !list_empty(&locks))
rc = show_locks(&locks);
mnt_unref_table(tab);
return rc;
}