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/*
* Copyright (c) 1983, 1993
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
* must display the following acknowledgement:
* This product includes software developed by the University of
* California, Berkeley and its contributors.
* 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
* without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* 1999-02-22 Arkadiusz Miśkiewicz <misiek@pld.ORG.PL>
* - added Native Language Support
* Sun Mar 21 1999 - Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@conectiva.com.br>
* - fixed strerr(errno) in gettext calls
*/
#include <errno.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>
#include "all-io.h"
#include "c.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "nls.h"
#include "pathnames.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "strv.h"
#include "list.h"
#include "pwdutils.h"
#define SYSLOG_NAMES
#include <syslog.h>
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
# define SD_JOURNAL_SUPPRESS_LOCATION
# include <systemd/sd-daemon.h>
# include <systemd/sd-journal.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_TIMEX_H
# include <sys/timex.h>
#endif
enum {
TYPE_UDP = (1 << 1),
TYPE_TCP = (1 << 2),
ALL_TYPES = TYPE_UDP | TYPE_TCP
};
enum {
AF_UNIX_ERRORS_OFF = 0,
AF_UNIX_ERRORS_ON,
AF_UNIX_ERRORS_AUTO
};
enum {
OPT_PRIO_PREFIX = CHAR_MAX + 1,
OPT_JOURNALD,
OPT_RFC3164,
OPT_RFC5424,
OPT_SOCKET_ERRORS,
OPT_MSGID,
OPT_NOACT,
OPT_ID,
OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_ID,
OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_PARAM,
OPT_OCTET_COUNT
};
/* rfc5424 structured data */
struct structured_data {
char *id; /* SD-ID */
char **params; /* array with SD-PARAMs */
struct list_head sds;
};
struct logger_ctl {
int fd;
int pri;
pid_t pid; /* zero when unwanted */
char *hdr; /* the syslog header (based on protocol) */
char const *tag;
char *login;
char *msgid;
char *unix_socket; /* -u <path> or default to _PATH_DEVLOG */
char *server;
char *port;
int socket_type;
size_t max_message_size;
struct list_head user_sds; /* user defined rfc5424 structured data */
struct list_head reserved_sds; /* standard rfc5424 structured data */
void (*syslogfp)(struct logger_ctl *ctl);
unsigned int
unix_socket_errors:1, /* whether to report or not errors */
noact:1, /* do not write to sockets */
prio_prefix:1, /* read priority from input */
stderr_printout:1, /* output message to stderr */
rfc5424_time:1, /* include time stamp */
rfc5424_tq:1, /* include time quality markup */
rfc5424_host:1, /* include hostname */
skip_empty_lines:1, /* do not send empty lines when processing files */
octet_count:1; /* use RFC6587 octet counting */
};
#define is_connected(_ctl) ((_ctl)->fd >= 0)
static void logger_reopen(struct logger_ctl *ctl);
/*
* For tests we want to be able to control datetime outputs
*/
#ifdef TEST_LOGGER
static inline int logger_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
{
char *str = getenv("LOGGER_TEST_TIMEOFDAY");
uintmax_t sec, usec;
if (str && sscanf(str, "%ju.%ju", &sec, &usec) == 2) {
tv->tv_sec = sec;
tv->tv_usec = usec;
return tv->tv_sec >= 0 && tv->tv_usec >= 0 ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}
return gettimeofday(tv, tz);
}
static inline char *logger_xgethostname(void)
{
char *str = getenv("LOGGER_TEST_HOSTNAME");
return str ? xstrdup(str) : xgethostname();
}
static inline pid_t logger_getpid(void)
{
char *str = getenv("LOGGER_TEST_GETPID");
unsigned int pid;
if (str && sscanf(str, "%u", &pid) == 1)
return pid;
return getpid();
}
#undef HAVE_NTP_GETTIME /* force to default non-NTP */
#else /* !TEST_LOGGER */
# define logger_gettimeofday(x, y) gettimeofday(x, y)
# define logger_xgethostname xgethostname
# define logger_getpid getpid
#endif
static int decode(const char *name, const CODE *codetab)
{
register const CODE *c;
if (name == NULL || *name == '\0')
return -1;
if (isdigit(*name)) {
int num;
char *end = NULL;
errno = 0;
num = strtol(name, &end, 10);
if (errno || name == end || (end && *end))
return -1;
for (c = codetab; c->c_name; c++)
if (num == c->c_val)
return num;
return -1;
}
for (c = codetab; c->c_name; c++)
if (!strcasecmp(name, c->c_name))
return (c->c_val);
return -1;
}
static int pencode(char *s)
{
int facility, level;
char *separator;
assert(s);
separator = strchr(s, '.');
if (separator) {
*separator = '\0';
facility = decode(s, facilitynames);
if (facility < 0)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("unknown facility name: %s"), s);
s = ++separator;
} else
facility = LOG_USER;
level = decode(s, prioritynames);
if (level < 0)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("unknown priority name: %s"), s);
if (facility == LOG_KERN)
facility = LOG_USER; /* kern is forbidden */
return ((level & LOG_PRIMASK) | (facility & LOG_FACMASK));
}
static int unix_socket(struct logger_ctl *ctl, const char *path, int *socket_type)
{
int fd = -1, i, type = -1;
static struct sockaddr_un s_addr; /* AF_UNIX address of local logger */
if (strlen(path) >= sizeof(s_addr.sun_path))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("openlog %s: pathname too long"), path);
s_addr.sun_family = AF_UNIX;
strcpy(s_addr.sun_path, path);
for (i = 2; i; i--) {
int st = -1;
if (i == 2 && *socket_type & TYPE_UDP) {
st = SOCK_DGRAM;
type = TYPE_UDP;
}
if (i == 1 && *socket_type & TYPE_TCP) {
st = SOCK_STREAM;
type = TYPE_TCP;
}
if (st == -1 || (fd = socket(AF_UNIX, st, 0)) == -1)
continue;
if (connect(fd, (struct sockaddr *)&s_addr, sizeof(s_addr)) == -1) {
close(fd);
continue;
}
break;
}
if (i == 0) {
if (ctl->unix_socket_errors)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("socket %s"), path);
/* write_output() will try to reconnect */
return -1;
}
/* replace ALL_TYPES with the real TYPE_* */
if (type > 0 && type != *socket_type)
*socket_type = type;
return fd;
}
static int inet_socket(const char *servername, const char *port, int *socket_type)
{
int fd, errcode, i, type = -1;
struct addrinfo hints, *res;
const char *p = port;
for (i = 2; i; i--) {
memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(hints));
if (i == 2 && *socket_type & TYPE_UDP) {
hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM;
type = TYPE_UDP;
if (port == NULL)
p = "syslog";
}
if (i == 1 && *socket_type & TYPE_TCP) {
hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;
type = TYPE_TCP;
if (port == NULL)
p = "syslog-conn";
}
if (hints.ai_socktype == 0)
continue;
hints.ai_family = AF_UNSPEC;
errcode = getaddrinfo(servername, p, &hints, &res);
if (errcode != 0)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to resolve name %s port %s: %s"),
servername, p, gai_strerror(errcode));
if ((fd = socket(res->ai_family, res->ai_socktype, res->ai_protocol)) == -1) {
freeaddrinfo(res);
continue;
}
if (connect(fd, res->ai_addr, res->ai_addrlen) == -1) {
freeaddrinfo(res);
close(fd);
continue;
}
freeaddrinfo(res);
break;
}
if (i == 0)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to connect to %s port %s"), servername, p);
/* replace ALL_TYPES with the real TYPE_* */
if (type > 0 && type != *socket_type)
*socket_type = type;
return fd;
}
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
static int journald_entry(struct logger_ctl *ctl, FILE *fp)
{
struct iovec *iovec;
char *buf = NULL;
ssize_t sz;
int n, lines = 0, vectors = 8, ret = 0, msgline = -1;
size_t dummy = 0;
iovec = xmalloc(vectors * sizeof(struct iovec));
while (1) {
buf = NULL;
sz = getline(&buf, &dummy, fp);
if (sz == -1 ||
(sz = rtrim_whitespace((unsigned char *) buf)) == 0) {
free(buf);
break;
}
if (strncmp(buf, "MESSAGE=", 8) == 0) {
if (msgline == -1)
msgline = lines; /* remember the first message */
else {
char *p = xrealloc(iovec[msgline].iov_base,
iovec[msgline].iov_len + sz - 8 + 2);
iovec[msgline].iov_base = p;
p += iovec[msgline].iov_len;
*p++ = '\n';
memcpy(p, buf + 8, sz - 8);
free(buf);
iovec[msgline].iov_len += sz - 8 + 1;
continue;
}
}
if (lines == vectors) {
vectors *= 2;
if (IOV_MAX < vectors)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("maximum input lines (%d) exceeded"), IOV_MAX);
iovec = xrealloc(iovec, vectors * sizeof(struct iovec));
}
iovec[lines].iov_base = buf;
iovec[lines].iov_len = sz;
++lines;
}
if (!ctl->noact)
ret = sd_journal_sendv(iovec, lines);
if (ctl->stderr_printout) {
for (n = 0; n < lines; n++)
fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", (char *) iovec[n].iov_base);
}
for (n = 0; n < lines; n++)
free(iovec[n].iov_base);
free(iovec);
return ret;
}
#endif
/* this creates a timestamp based on current time according to the
* fine rules of RFC3164, most importantly it ensures in a portable
* way that the month day is correctly written (with a SP instead
* of a leading 0). The function uses a static buffer which is
* overwritten on the next call (just like ctime() does).
*/
static char const *rfc3164_current_time(void)
{
static char time[32];
struct timeval tv;
struct tm tm;
static char const * const monthnames[] = {
"Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun", "Jul", "Aug",
"Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"
};
logger_gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
localtime_r(&tv.tv_sec, &tm);
snprintf(time, sizeof(time),"%s %2d %2.2d:%2.2d:%2.2d",
monthnames[tm.tm_mon], tm.tm_mday,
tm.tm_hour, tm.tm_min, tm.tm_sec);
return time;
}
#define next_iovec(ary, idx) __extension__ ({ \
assert(ARRAY_SIZE(ary) > (size_t)idx); \
assert(idx >= 0); \
&ary[idx++]; \
})
#define iovec_add_string(ary, idx, str, len) \
do { \
struct iovec *v = next_iovec(ary, idx); \
v->iov_base = (void *) str; \
v->iov_len = len ? len : strlen(str); \
} while (0)
#define iovec_memcmp(ary, idx, str, len) \
memcmp((ary)[(idx) - 1].iov_base, str, len)
/* writes generated buffer to desired destination. For TCP syslog,
* we use RFC6587 octet-stuffing (unless octet-counting is selected).
* This is not great, but doing full blown RFC5425 (TLS) looks like
* it is too much for the logger utility. If octet-counting is
* selected, we use that.
*/
static void write_output(struct logger_ctl *ctl, const char *const msg)
{
struct iovec iov[4];
int iovlen = 0;
char *octet = NULL;
/* initial connect failed? */
if (!ctl->noact && !is_connected(ctl))
logger_reopen(ctl);
/* 1) octen count */
if (ctl->octet_count) {
size_t len = xasprintf(&octet, "%zu ", strlen(ctl->hdr) + strlen(msg));
iovec_add_string(iov, iovlen, octet, len);
}
/* 2) header */
iovec_add_string(iov, iovlen, ctl->hdr, 0);
/* 3) message */
iovec_add_string(iov, iovlen, msg, 0);
if (!ctl->noact && is_connected(ctl)) {
struct msghdr message = { 0 };
#ifdef SCM_CREDENTIALS
struct cmsghdr *cmhp;
struct ucred *cred;
union {
struct cmsghdr cmh;
char control[CMSG_SPACE(sizeof(struct ucred))];
} cbuf;
#endif
/* 4) add extra \n to make sure message is terminated */
if ((ctl->socket_type == TYPE_TCP) && !ctl->octet_count)
iovec_add_string(iov, iovlen, "\n", 1);
message.msg_iov = iov;
message.msg_iovlen = iovlen;
#ifdef SCM_CREDENTIALS
/* syslog/journald may follow local socket credentials rather
* than in the message PID. If we use --id as root than we can
* force kernel to accept another valid PID than the real logger(1)
* PID.
*/
if (ctl->pid && !ctl->server && ctl->pid != getpid()
&& geteuid() == 0 && kill(ctl->pid, 0) == 0) {
message.msg_control = cbuf.control;
message.msg_controllen = CMSG_SPACE(sizeof(struct ucred));
cmhp = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&message);
cmhp->cmsg_len = CMSG_LEN(sizeof(struct ucred));
cmhp->cmsg_level = SOL_SOCKET;
cmhp->cmsg_type = SCM_CREDENTIALS;
cred = (struct ucred *) CMSG_DATA(cmhp);
cred->pid = ctl->pid;
}
#endif
/* Note that logger(1) maybe executed for long time (as pipe
* reader) and connection endpoint (syslogd) may be restarted.
*
* The libc syslog() function reconnects on failed send().
* Let's do the same to be robust. [kzak -- Oct 2017]
*
* MSG_NOSIGNAL is POSIX.1-2008 compatible, but it for example
* not supported by apple-darwin15.6.0.
*/
#ifndef MSG_NOSIGNAL
# define MSG_NOSIGNAL 0
#endif
if (sendmsg(ctl->fd, &message, MSG_NOSIGNAL) < 0) {
logger_reopen(ctl);
if (sendmsg(ctl->fd, &message, MSG_NOSIGNAL) < 0)
warn(_("send message failed"));
}
}
if (ctl->stderr_printout) {
/* make sure it's terminated for stderr */
if (iovec_memcmp(iov, iovlen, "\n", 1) != 0)
iovec_add_string(iov, iovlen, "\n", 1);
ignore_result( writev(STDERR_FILENO, iov, iovlen) );
}
free(octet);
}
#define NILVALUE "-"
static void syslog_rfc3164_header(struct logger_ctl *const ctl)
{
char pid[30], *hostname;
*pid = '\0';
if (ctl->pid)
snprintf(pid, sizeof(pid), "[%d]", ctl->pid);
if ((hostname = logger_xgethostname())) {
char *dot = strchr(hostname, '.');
if (dot)
*dot = '\0';
} else
hostname = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
xasprintf(&ctl->hdr, "<%d>%.15s %s %.200s%s: ",
ctl->pri, rfc3164_current_time(), hostname, ctl->tag, pid);
free(hostname);
}
static inline struct list_head *get_user_structured_data(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
return &ctl->user_sds;
}
static inline struct list_head *get_reserved_structured_data(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
return &ctl->reserved_sds;
}
static int has_structured_data_id(struct list_head *ls, const char *id)
{
struct list_head *p;
if (!ls || list_empty(ls))
return 0;
list_for_each(p, ls) {
struct structured_data *sd = list_entry(p, struct structured_data, sds);
if (sd->id && strcmp(sd->id, id) == 0)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static void add_structured_data_id(struct list_head *ls, const char *id)
{
struct structured_data *sd;
assert(id);
if (has_structured_data_id(ls, id))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("structured data ID '%s' is not unique"), id);
sd = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*sd));
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sd->sds);
sd->id = xstrdup(id);
list_add_tail(&sd->sds, ls);
}
static void add_structured_data_param(struct list_head *ls, const char *param)
{
struct structured_data *sd;
if (list_empty(ls))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("--sd-id was not specified for --sd-param %s"), param);
assert(param);
sd = list_last_entry(ls, struct structured_data, sds);
if (strv_extend(&sd->params, param))
err_oom();
}
static void __attribute__ ((__format__ (__printf__, 2, 3)))
add_structured_data_paramf(struct list_head *ls, const char *fmt, ...)
{
struct structured_data *sd;
va_list ap;
int x;
assert(!list_empty(ls));
assert(fmt);
sd = list_last_entry(ls, struct structured_data, sds);
va_start(ap, fmt);
x = strv_extendv(&sd->params, fmt, ap);
va_end(ap);
if (x)
err_oom();
}
static char *strdup_structured_data(struct structured_data *sd)
{
char *res, *tmp;
if (strv_isempty(sd->params))
return NULL;
xasprintf(&res, "[%s %s]", sd->id,
(tmp = strv_join(sd->params, " ")));
free(tmp);
return res;
}
static char *strdup_structured_data_list(struct list_head *ls)
{
struct list_head *p;
char *res = NULL;
list_for_each(p, ls) {
struct structured_data *sd = list_entry(p, struct structured_data, sds);
char *one = strdup_structured_data(sd);
char *tmp = res;
if (!one)
continue;
res = strconcat(tmp, one);
free(tmp);
free(one);
}
return res;
}
static char *get_structured_data_string(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
char *sys = NULL, *usr = NULL, *res;
if (!list_empty(&ctl->reserved_sds))
sys = strdup_structured_data_list(&ctl->reserved_sds);
if (!list_empty(&ctl->user_sds))
usr = strdup_structured_data_list(&ctl->user_sds);
if (sys && usr) {
res = strconcat(sys, usr);
free(sys);
free(usr);
} else
res = sys ? sys : usr;
return res;
}
static int valid_structured_data_param(const char *str)
{
char *s;
char *eq = strchr(str, '='),
*qm1 = strchr(str, '"'),
*qm2 = qm1 ? ul_strchr_escaped(qm1 + 1, '"') : NULL;
/* something is missing */
if (!eq || !qm1 || !qm2)
return 0;
/* ']' need to be escaped */
for (s = qm1 + 1; s && *s; ) {
char *p = strchr(s, ']');
if (!p)
break;
if (p > qm2 || p == ul_strchr_escaped(s, ']'))
return 0;
s = p + 1;
}
/* '\' is allowed only before '[]"\' chars */
for (s = qm1 + 1; s && *s; ) {
char *p = strchr(s, '\\');
if (!p)
break;
if (!strchr("[]\"\\", *(p + 1)))
return 0;
s = p + 1;
if (*s == '\\')
s++;
}
/* foo="bar" */
return eq > str && eq < qm1 && eq + 1 == qm1 && qm1 < qm2 && *(qm2 + 1) == '\0';
}
/* SD-ID format:
* name@<private enterprise number>, e.g., "ourSDID@32473"
*/
static int valid_structured_data_id(const char *str)
{
char *at = strchr(str, '@');
const char *p;
/* standardized IDs without @<digits> */
if (!at && (strcmp(str, "timeQuality") == 0 ||
strcmp(str, "origin") == 0 ||
strcmp(str, "meta") == 0))
return 1;
if (!at || at == str || !*(at + 1))
return 0;
/* <digits> or <digits>.<digits>[...] */
for (p = at + 1; p && *p; p++) {
const char *end;
if (isdigit_strend(p, &end))
break; /* only digits in the string */
if (end == NULL || end == p ||
*end != '.' || *(end + 1) == '\0')
return 0;
p = end;
}
/* check for forbidden chars in the <name> */
for (p = str; p < at; p++) {
if (*p == '[' || *p == '=' || *p == '"' || *p == '@')
return 0;
if (isblank((unsigned char) *p) || iscntrl((unsigned char) *p))
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
/* Some field mappings may be controversial, thus I give the reason
* why this specific mapping was used:
* APP-NAME <-- tag
* Some may argue that "logger" is a better fit, but we think
* this is better inline of what other implementations do. In
* rsyslog, for example, the TAG value is populated from APP-NAME.
* PROCID <-- pid
* This is a relatively straightforward interpretation from
* RFC5424, sect. 6.2.6.
* MSGID <-- msgid (from --msgid)
* One may argue that the string "logger" would be better suited
* here so that a receiver can identify the sender process.
* However, this does not sound like a good match to RFC5424,
* sect. 6.2.7.
* Note that appendix A.1 of RFC5424 does not provide clear guidance
* of how these fields should be used. This is the case because the
* IETF working group couldn't arrive at a clear agreement when we
* specified RFC5424. The rest of the field mappings should be
* pretty clear from RFC5424. -- Rainer Gerhards, 2015-03-10
*/
static void syslog_rfc5424_header(struct logger_ctl *const ctl)
{
char *time;
char *hostname;
char const *app_name = ctl->tag;
char *procid;
char *const msgid = xstrdup(ctl->msgid ? ctl->msgid : NILVALUE);
char *structured = NULL;
struct list_head *sd;
if (ctl->rfc5424_time) {
struct timeval tv;
struct tm tm;
logger_gettimeofday(&tv, NULL);
if (localtime_r(&tv.tv_sec, &tm) != NULL) {
char fmt[64];
const size_t i = strftime(fmt, sizeof(fmt),
"%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%S.%%06u%z ", &tm);
/* patch TZ info to comply with RFC3339 (we left SP at end) */
fmt[i - 1] = fmt[i - 2];
fmt[i - 2] = fmt[i - 3];
fmt[i - 3] = ':';
xasprintf(&time, fmt, tv.tv_usec);
} else
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("localtime() failed"));
} else
time = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
if (ctl->rfc5424_host) {
if (!(hostname = logger_xgethostname()))
hostname = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
/* Arbitrary looking 'if (var < strlen()) checks originate from
* RFC 5424 - 6 Syslog Message Format definition. */
if (255 < strlen(hostname))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("hostname '%s' is too long"),
hostname);
} else
hostname = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
if (48 < strlen(ctl->tag))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("tag '%s' is too long"), ctl->tag);
if (ctl->pid)
xasprintf(&procid, "%d", ctl->pid);
else
procid = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
sd = get_reserved_structured_data(ctl);
/* time quality structured data (maybe overwritten by --sd-id timeQuality) */
if (ctl->rfc5424_tq && !has_structured_data_id(sd, "timeQuality")) {
add_structured_data_id(sd, "timeQuality");
add_structured_data_param(sd, "tzKnown=\"1\"");
#ifdef HAVE_NTP_GETTIME
struct ntptimeval ntptv;
if (ntp_gettime(&ntptv) == TIME_OK) {
add_structured_data_param(sd, "isSynced=\"1\"");
add_structured_data_paramf(sd, "syncAccuracy=\"%ld\"", ntptv.maxerror);
} else
#endif
add_structured_data_paramf(sd, "isSynced=\"0\"");
}
/* convert all structured data to string */
structured = get_structured_data_string(ctl);
if (!structured)
structured = xstrdup(NILVALUE);
xasprintf(&ctl->hdr, "<%d>1 %s %s %s %s %s %s ",
ctl->pri,
time,
hostname,
app_name,
procid,
msgid,
structured);
free(time);
free(hostname);
/* app_name points to ctl->tag, do NOT free! */
free(procid);
free(msgid);
free(structured);
}
static void parse_rfc5424_flags(struct logger_ctl *ctl, char *s)
{
char *in, *tok;
in = s;
while ((tok = strtok(in, ","))) {
in = NULL;
if (!strcmp(tok, "notime")) {
ctl->rfc5424_time = 0;
ctl->rfc5424_tq = 0;
} else if (!strcmp(tok, "notq"))
ctl->rfc5424_tq = 0;
else if (!strcmp(tok, "nohost"))
ctl->rfc5424_host = 0;
else
warnx(_("ignoring unknown option argument: %s"), tok);
}
}
static int parse_unix_socket_errors_flags(char *s)
{
if (!strcmp(s, "off"))
return AF_UNIX_ERRORS_OFF;
if (!strcmp(s, "on"))
return AF_UNIX_ERRORS_ON;
if (!strcmp(s, "auto"))
return AF_UNIX_ERRORS_AUTO;
warnx(_("invalid argument: %s: using automatic errors"), s);
return AF_UNIX_ERRORS_AUTO;
}
static void syslog_local_header(struct logger_ctl *const ctl)
{
char pid[32];
if (ctl->pid)
snprintf(pid, sizeof(pid), "[%d]", ctl->pid);
else
pid[0] = '\0';
xasprintf(&ctl->hdr, "<%d>%s %s%s: ", ctl->pri, rfc3164_current_time(),
ctl->tag, pid);
}
static void generate_syslog_header(struct logger_ctl *const ctl)
{
free(ctl->hdr);
ctl->hdr = NULL;
ctl->syslogfp(ctl);
}
/* just open, nothing else */
static void __logger_open(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
if (ctl->server) {
ctl->fd = inet_socket(ctl->server, ctl->port, &ctl->socket_type);
} else {
if (!ctl->unix_socket)
ctl->unix_socket = _PATH_DEVLOG;
ctl->fd = unix_socket(ctl, ctl->unix_socket, &ctl->socket_type);
}
}
/* open and initialize relevant @ctl tuff */
static void logger_open(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
__logger_open(ctl);
if (!ctl->syslogfp)
ctl->syslogfp = ctl->server ? syslog_rfc5424_header :
syslog_local_header;
if (!ctl->tag)
ctl->tag = ctl->login = xgetlogin();
if (!ctl->tag)
ctl->tag = "<someone>";
generate_syslog_header(ctl);
}
/* re-open; usually after failed connection */
static void logger_reopen(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
if (ctl->fd != -1)
close(ctl->fd);
ctl->fd = -1;
__logger_open(ctl);
}
static void logger_command_line(struct logger_ctl *ctl, char **argv)
{
/* note: we never re-generate the syslog header here, even if we
* generate multiple messages. If so, we think it is the right thing
* to do to report them with the same timestamp, as the user actually
* intended to send a single message.
*/
char *const buf = xmalloc(ctl->max_message_size + 1);
char *p = buf;
const char *endp = buf + ctl->max_message_size - 1;
size_t len;
while (*argv) {
len = strlen(*argv);
if (endp < p + len && p != buf) {
write_output(ctl, buf);
p = buf;
}
if (ctl->max_message_size < len) {
(*argv)[ctl->max_message_size] = '\0'; /* truncate */
write_output(ctl, *argv++);
continue;
}
if (p != buf)
*p++ = ' ';
memmove(p, *argv++, len);
*(p += len) = '\0';
}
if (p != buf)
write_output(ctl, buf);
free(buf);
}
static void logger_stdin(struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
/* note: we re-generate the syslog header for each log message to
* update header timestamps and to reflect possible priority changes.
* The initial header is generated by logger_open().
*/
int default_priority = ctl->pri;
int last_pri = default_priority;
char *buf = xmalloc(ctl->max_message_size + 2 + 2);
int pri;
int c;
size_t i;
c = getchar();
while (c != EOF) {
i = 0;
if (ctl->prio_prefix && c == '<') {
pri = 0;
buf[i++] = c;
while (isdigit(c = getchar()) && pri <= 191) {
buf[i++] = c;
pri = pri * 10 + c - '0';
}
if (c != EOF && c != '\n')
buf[i++] = c;
if (c == '>' && 0 <= pri && pri <= 191) {
/* valid RFC PRI values */
i = 0;
if ((pri & LOG_FACMASK) == 0)
pri |= (default_priority & LOG_FACMASK);
ctl->pri = pri;
} else
ctl->pri = default_priority;
if (ctl->pri != last_pri) {
generate_syslog_header(ctl);
last_pri = ctl->pri;
}
if (c != EOF && c != '\n')
c = getchar();
}
while (c != EOF && c != '\n' && i < ctl->max_message_size) {
buf[i++] = c;
c = getchar();
}
buf[i] = '\0';
if (i > 0 || !ctl->skip_empty_lines)
write_output(ctl, buf);
if (c == '\n') /* discard line terminator */
c = getchar();
}
free(buf);
}
static void logger_close(const struct logger_ctl *ctl)
{
if (ctl->fd != -1 && close(ctl->fd) != 0)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("close failed"));
free(ctl->hdr);
free(ctl->login);
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out, _(" %s [options] [<message>]\n"), program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Enter messages into the system log.\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
fputs(_(" -i log the logger command's PID\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --id[=<id>] log the given <id>, or otherwise the PID\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -f, --file <file> log the contents of this file\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -e, --skip-empty do not log empty lines when processing files\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --no-act do everything except the write the log\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -p, --priority <prio> mark given message with this priority\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --octet-count use rfc6587 octet counting\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --prio-prefix look for a prefix on every line read from stdin\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -s, --stderr output message to standard error as well\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -S, --size <size> maximum size for a single message\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -t, --tag <tag> mark every line with this tag\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -n, --server <name> write to this remote syslog server\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -P, --port <port> use this port for UDP or TCP connection\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -T, --tcp use TCP only\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -d, --udp use UDP only\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --rfc3164 use the obsolete BSD syslog protocol\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --rfc5424[=<snip>] use the syslog protocol (the default for remote);\n"
" <snip> can be notime, or notq, and/or nohost\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --sd-id <id> rfc5424 structured data ID\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --sd-param <data> rfc5424 structured data name=value\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --msgid <msgid> set rfc5424 message id field\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -u, --socket <socket> write to this Unix socket\n"), out);
fputs(_(" --socket-errors[=<on|off|auto>]\n"
" print connection errors when using Unix sockets\n"), out);
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
fputs(_(" --journald[=<file>] write journald entry\n"), out);
#endif
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(26));
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("logger(1)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
/*
* logger -- read and log utility
*
* Reads from an input and arranges to write the result on the system
* log.
*/
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
struct logger_ctl ctl = {
.fd = -1,
.pid = 0,
.pri = LOG_USER | LOG_NOTICE,
.prio_prefix = 0,
.tag = NULL,
.unix_socket = NULL,
.unix_socket_errors = 0,
.server = NULL,
.port = NULL,
.hdr = NULL,
.msgid = NULL,
.socket_type = ALL_TYPES,
.max_message_size = 1024,
.rfc5424_time = 1,
.rfc5424_tq = 1,
.rfc5424_host = 1,
.skip_empty_lines = 0
};
int ch;
int stdout_reopened = 0;
int unix_socket_errors_mode = AF_UNIX_ERRORS_AUTO;
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
FILE *jfd = NULL;
#endif
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{ "id", optional_argument, 0, OPT_ID },
{ "stderr", no_argument, 0, 's' },
{ "file", required_argument, 0, 'f' },
{ "no-act", no_argument, 0, OPT_NOACT, },
{ "priority", required_argument, 0, 'p' },
{ "tag", required_argument, 0, 't' },
{ "socket", required_argument, 0, 'u' },
{ "socket-errors", required_argument, 0, OPT_SOCKET_ERRORS },
{ "udp", no_argument, 0, 'd' },
{ "tcp", no_argument, 0, 'T' },
{ "server", required_argument, 0, 'n' },
{ "port", required_argument, 0, 'P' },
{ "version", no_argument, 0, 'V' },
{ "help", no_argument, 0, 'h' },
{ "octet-count", no_argument, 0, OPT_OCTET_COUNT },
{ "prio-prefix", no_argument, 0, OPT_PRIO_PREFIX },
{ "rfc3164", no_argument, 0, OPT_RFC3164 },
{ "rfc5424", optional_argument, 0, OPT_RFC5424 },
{ "size", required_argument, 0, 'S' },
{ "msgid", required_argument, 0, OPT_MSGID },
{ "skip-empty", no_argument, 0, 'e' },
{ "sd-id", required_argument, 0, OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_ID },
{ "sd-param", required_argument, 0, OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_PARAM },
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
{ "journald", optional_argument, 0, OPT_JOURNALD },
#endif
{ NULL, 0, 0, 0 }
};
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctl.user_sds);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ctl.reserved_sds);
while ((ch = getopt_long(argc, argv, "ef:ip:S:st:u:dTn:P:Vh",
longopts, NULL)) != -1) {
switch (ch) {
case 'f': /* file to log */
if (freopen(optarg, "r", stdin) == NULL)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("file %s"), optarg);
stdout_reopened = 1;
break;
case 'e':
ctl.skip_empty_lines = 1;
break;
case 'i': /* log process id also */
ctl.pid = logger_getpid();
break;
case OPT_ID:
if (optarg) {
const char *p = optarg;
if (*p == '=')
p++;
ctl.pid = strtoul_or_err(optarg, _("failed to parse id"));
} else
ctl.pid = logger_getpid();
break;
case 'p': /* priority */
ctl.pri = pencode(optarg);
break;
case 's': /* log to standard error */
ctl.stderr_printout = 1;
break;
case 't': /* tag */
ctl.tag = optarg;
break;
case 'u': /* unix socket */
ctl.unix_socket = optarg;
break;
case 'S': /* max message size */
ctl.max_message_size = strtosize_or_err(optarg,
_("failed to parse message size"));
break;
case 'd':
ctl.socket_type = TYPE_UDP;
break;
case 'T':
ctl.socket_type = TYPE_TCP;
break;
case 'n':
ctl.server = optarg;
break;
case 'P':
ctl.port = optarg;
break;
case OPT_OCTET_COUNT:
ctl.octet_count = 1;
break;
case OPT_PRIO_PREFIX:
ctl.prio_prefix = 1;
break;
case OPT_RFC3164:
ctl.syslogfp = syslog_rfc3164_header;
break;
case OPT_RFC5424:
ctl.syslogfp = syslog_rfc5424_header;
if (optarg)
parse_rfc5424_flags(&ctl, optarg);
break;
case OPT_MSGID:
if (strchr(optarg, ' '))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("--msgid cannot contain space"));
ctl.msgid = optarg;
break;
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
case OPT_JOURNALD:
if (optarg) {
jfd = fopen(optarg, "r");
if (!jfd)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("cannot open %s"),
optarg);
} else
jfd = stdin;
break;
#endif
case OPT_SOCKET_ERRORS:
unix_socket_errors_mode = parse_unix_socket_errors_flags(optarg);
break;
case OPT_NOACT:
ctl.noact = 1;
break;
case OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_ID:
if (!valid_structured_data_id(optarg))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("invalid structured data ID: '%s'"), optarg);
add_structured_data_id(get_user_structured_data(&ctl), optarg);
break;
case OPT_STRUCTURED_DATA_PARAM:
if (!valid_structured_data_param(optarg))
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("invalid structured data parameter: '%s'"), optarg);
add_structured_data_param(get_user_structured_data(&ctl), optarg);
break;
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage();
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
argc -= optind;
argv += optind;
if (stdout_reopened && argc)
warnx(_("--file <file> and <message> are mutually exclusive, message is ignored"));
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
if (jfd) {
int ret = journald_entry(&ctl, jfd);
if (stdin != jfd)
fclose(jfd);
if (ret)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE, _("journald entry could not be written"));
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}
#endif
/* user overwrites built-in SD-ELEMENT */
if (has_structured_data_id(get_user_structured_data(&ctl), "timeQuality"))
ctl.rfc5424_tq = 0;
switch (unix_socket_errors_mode) {
case AF_UNIX_ERRORS_OFF:
ctl.unix_socket_errors = 0;
break;
case AF_UNIX_ERRORS_ON:
ctl.unix_socket_errors = 1;
break;
case AF_UNIX_ERRORS_AUTO:
ctl.unix_socket_errors = ctl.noact || ctl.stderr_printout;
#ifdef HAVE_LIBSYSTEMD
ctl.unix_socket_errors |= !!sd_booted();
#endif
break;
default:
abort();
}
logger_open(&ctl);
if (0 < argc)
logger_command_line(&ctl, argv);
else
/* Note. --file <arg> reopens stdin making the below
* function to be used for file inputs. */
logger_stdin(&ctl);
logger_close(&ctl);
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}