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/*
* fincore - count pages of file contents in core
*
* Copyright (C) 2017 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
* Written by Masatake YAMATO <yamato@redhat.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it would be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
* with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
* 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
*/
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "c.h"
#include "nls.h"
#include "closestream.h"
#include "xalloc.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "libsmartcols.h"
/* For large files, mmap is called in iterative way.
Window is the unit of vma prepared in each mmap
calling.
Window size depends on page size.
e.g. 128MB on x86_64. ( = N_PAGES_IN_WINDOW * 4096 ). */
#define N_PAGES_IN_WINDOW ((size_t)(32 * 1024))
struct colinfo {
const char *name;
double whint;
int flags;
const char *help;
};
enum {
COL_PAGES,
COL_SIZE,
COL_FILE,
COL_RES
};
static struct colinfo infos[] = {
[COL_PAGES] = { "PAGES", 1, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("file data resident in memory in pages")},
[COL_RES] = { "RES", 5, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("file data resident in memory in bytes")},
[COL_SIZE] = { "SIZE", 5, SCOLS_FL_RIGHT, N_("size of the file")},
[COL_FILE] = { "FILE", 4, 0, N_("file name")},
};
static int columns[ARRAY_SIZE(infos) * 2] = {-1};
static size_t ncolumns;
struct fincore_control {
const size_t pagesize;
struct libscols_table *tb; /* output */
unsigned int bytes : 1,
noheadings : 1,
raw : 1,
json : 1;
};
static int column_name_to_id(const char *name, size_t namesz)
{
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); i++) {
const char *cn = infos[i].name;
if (!strncasecmp(name, cn, namesz) && !*(cn + namesz))
return i;
}
warnx(_("unknown column: %s"), name);
return -1;
}
static int get_column_id(int num)
{
assert(num >= 0);
assert((size_t) num < ncolumns);
assert(columns[num] < (int) ARRAY_SIZE(infos));
return columns[num];
}
static const struct colinfo *get_column_info(int num)
{
return &infos[ get_column_id(num) ];
}
static int add_output_data(struct fincore_control *ctl,
const char *name,
off_t file_size,
off_t count_incore)
{
size_t i;
char *tmp;
struct libscols_line *ln;
assert(ctl);
assert(ctl->tb);
ln = scols_table_new_line(ctl->tb, NULL);
if (!ln)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output line"));
for (i = 0; i < ncolumns; i++) {
int rc = 0;
switch(get_column_id(i)) {
case COL_FILE:
rc = scols_line_set_data(ln, i, name);
break;
case COL_PAGES:
xasprintf(&tmp, "%jd", (intmax_t) count_incore);
rc = scols_line_refer_data(ln, i, tmp);
break;
case COL_RES:
{
uintmax_t res = (uintmax_t) count_incore * ctl->pagesize;
if (ctl->bytes)
xasprintf(&tmp, "%ju", res);
else
tmp = size_to_human_string(SIZE_SUFFIX_1LETTER, res);
rc = scols_line_refer_data(ln, i, tmp);
break;
}
case COL_SIZE:
if (ctl->bytes)
xasprintf(&tmp, "%jd", (intmax_t) file_size);
else
tmp = size_to_human_string(SIZE_SUFFIX_1LETTER, file_size);
rc = scols_line_refer_data(ln, i, tmp);
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
if (rc)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to add output data"));
}
return 0;
}
static int do_mincore(struct fincore_control *ctl,
void *window, const size_t len,
const char *name,
off_t *count_incore)
{
static unsigned char vec[N_PAGES_IN_WINDOW];
int n = (len / ctl->pagesize) + ((len % ctl->pagesize)? 1: 0);
if (mincore (window, len, vec) < 0) {
warn(_("failed to do mincore: %s"), name);
return -errno;
}
while (n > 0)
{
if (vec[--n] & 0x1)
{
vec[n] = 0;
(*count_incore)++;
}
}
return 0;
}
static int fincore_fd (struct fincore_control *ctl,
int fd,
const char *name,
off_t file_size,
off_t *count_incore)
{
size_t window_size = N_PAGES_IN_WINDOW * ctl->pagesize;
off_t file_offset, len;
int rc = 0;
for (file_offset = 0; file_offset < file_size; file_offset += len) {
void *window = NULL;
len = file_size - file_offset;
if (len >= (off_t) window_size)
len = window_size;
window = mmap(window, len, PROT_NONE, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, file_offset);
if (window == MAP_FAILED) {
rc = -EINVAL;
warn(_("failed to do mmap: %s"), name);
break;
}
rc = do_mincore(ctl, window, len, name, count_incore);
if (rc)
break;
munmap (window, len);
}
return rc;
}
/*
* Returns: <0 on error, 0 success, 1 ignore.
*/
static int fincore_name(struct fincore_control *ctl,
const char *name,
struct stat *sb,
off_t *count_incore)
{
int fd;
int rc = 0;
if ((fd = open (name, O_RDONLY)) < 0) {
warn(_("failed to open: %s"), name);
return -errno;
}
if (fstat (fd, sb) < 0) {
warn(_("failed to do fstat: %s"), name);
close (fd);
return -errno;
}
if (S_ISDIR(sb->st_mode))
rc = 1; /* ignore */
else if (sb->st_size)
rc = fincore_fd(ctl, fd, name, sb->st_size, count_incore);
close (fd);
return rc;
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
size_t i;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out, _(" %s [options] file...\n"), program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
fputs(_(" -J, --json use JSON output format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -b, --bytes print sizes in bytes rather than in human readable format\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -n, --noheadings don't print headings\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -o, --output <list> output columns\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -r, --raw use raw output format\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(23));
fprintf(out, USAGE_COLUMNS);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(infos); i++)
fprintf(out, " %11s %s\n", infos[i].name, _(infos[i].help));
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("fincore(1)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
int main(int argc, char ** argv)
{
int c;
size_t i;
int rc = EXIT_SUCCESS;
char *outarg = NULL;
struct fincore_control ctl = {
.pagesize = getpagesize()
};
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{ "bytes", no_argument, NULL, 'b' },
{ "noheadings", no_argument, NULL, 'n' },
{ "output", required_argument, NULL, 'o' },
{ "version", no_argument, NULL, 'V' },
{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
{ "json", no_argument, NULL, 'J' },
{ "raw", no_argument, NULL, 'r' },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 },
};
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv, "bno:JrVh", longopts, NULL)) != -1) {
switch (c) {
case 'b':
ctl.bytes = 1;
break;
case 'n':
ctl.noheadings = 1;
break;
case 'o':
outarg = optarg;
break;
case 'J':
ctl.json = 1;
break;
case 'r':
ctl.raw = 1;
break;
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage();
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}
if (optind == argc) {
warnx(_("no file specified"));
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (!ncolumns) {
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_RES;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_PAGES;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_SIZE;
columns[ncolumns++] = COL_FILE;
}
if (outarg && string_add_to_idarray(outarg, columns, ARRAY_SIZE(columns),
&ncolumns, column_name_to_id) < 0)
return EXIT_FAILURE;
scols_init_debug(0);
ctl.tb = scols_new_table();
if (!ctl.tb)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output table"));
scols_table_enable_noheadings(ctl.tb, ctl.noheadings);
scols_table_enable_raw(ctl.tb, ctl.raw);
scols_table_enable_json(ctl.tb, ctl.json);
if (ctl.json)
scols_table_set_name(ctl.tb, "fincore");
for (i = 0; i < ncolumns; i++) {
const struct colinfo *col = get_column_info(i);
struct libscols_column *cl;
cl = scols_table_new_column(ctl.tb, col->name, col->whint, col->flags);
if (!cl)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("failed to allocate output column"));
if (ctl.json) {
int id = get_column_id(i);
switch (id) {
case COL_FILE:
scols_column_set_json_type(cl, SCOLS_JSON_STRING);
break;
case COL_SIZE:
case COL_RES:
if (!ctl.bytes)
break;
/* fallthrough */
default:
scols_column_set_json_type(cl, SCOLS_JSON_NUMBER);
break;
}
}
}
for(; optind < argc; optind++) {
char *name = argv[optind];
struct stat sb;
off_t count_incore = 0;
switch (fincore_name(&ctl, name, &sb, &count_incore)) {
case 0:
add_output_data(&ctl, name, sb.st_size, count_incore);
break;
case 1:
break; /* ignore */
default:
rc = EXIT_FAILURE;
break;
}
}
scols_print_table(ctl.tb);
scols_unref_table(ctl.tb);
return rc;
}