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util-linux/schedutils/ionice.c

270 lines
6.7 KiB

/*
* ionice: set or get process io scheduling class and priority
*
* Copyright (C) 2005 Jens Axboe <jens@axboe.dk>
*
* Released under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2
*
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SYSCALL_H
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#endif
#include <ctype.h>
#include "nls.h"
#include "strutils.h"
#include "c.h"
#include "closestream.h"
static int tolerant;
static inline int ioprio_set(int which, int who, int ioprio)
{
return syscall(SYS_ioprio_set, which, who, ioprio);
}
static inline int ioprio_get(int which, int who)
{
return syscall(SYS_ioprio_get, which, who);
}
enum {
IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE,
IOPRIO_CLASS_RT,
IOPRIO_CLASS_BE,
IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE,
};
enum {
IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS = 1,
IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP,
IOPRIO_WHO_USER,
};
#define IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT (13)
#define IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK ((1UL << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) - 1)
#define IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(mask) ((mask) >> IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT)
#define IOPRIO_PRIO_DATA(mask) ((mask) & IOPRIO_PRIO_MASK)
#define IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(class, data) (((class) << IOPRIO_CLASS_SHIFT) | data)
static const char *to_prio[] = {
[IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE] = "none",
[IOPRIO_CLASS_RT] = "realtime",
[IOPRIO_CLASS_BE] = "best-effort",
[IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE] = "idle"
};
static int parse_ioclass(const char *str)
{
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(to_prio); i++)
if (!strcasecmp(str, to_prio[i]))
return i;
return -1;
}
static void ioprio_print(int pid, int who)
{
int ioprio = ioprio_get(who, pid);
if (ioprio == -1)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("ioprio_get failed"));
else {
int ioclass = IOPRIO_PRIO_CLASS(ioprio);
const char *name = _("unknown");
if (ioclass >= 0 && (size_t) ioclass < ARRAY_SIZE(to_prio))
name = to_prio[ioclass];
if (ioclass != IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE)
printf(_("%s: prio %lu\n"), name,
IOPRIO_PRIO_DATA(ioprio));
else
printf("%s\n", name);
}
}
static void ioprio_setid(int which, int ioclass, int data, int who)
{
int rc = ioprio_set(who, which,
IOPRIO_PRIO_VALUE(ioclass, data));
if (rc == -1 && !tolerant)
err(EXIT_FAILURE, _("ioprio_set failed"));
}
static void __attribute__((__noreturn__)) usage(void)
{
FILE *out = stdout;
fputs(USAGE_HEADER, out);
fprintf(out, _(" %1$s [options] -p <pid>...\n"
" %1$s [options] -P <pgid>...\n"
" %1$s [options] -u <uid>...\n"
" %1$s [options] <command>\n"), program_invocation_short_name);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
fputs(_("Show or change the I/O-scheduling class and priority of a process.\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_OPTIONS, out);
fputs(_(" -c, --class <class> name or number of scheduling class,\n"
" 0: none, 1: realtime, 2: best-effort, 3: idle\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -n, --classdata <num> priority (0..7) in the specified scheduling class,\n"
" only for the realtime and best-effort classes\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -p, --pid <pid>... act on these already running processes\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -P, --pgid <pgrp>... act on already running processes in these groups\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -t, --ignore ignore failures\n"), out);
fputs(_(" -u, --uid <uid>... act on already running processes owned by these users\n"), out);
fputs(USAGE_SEPARATOR, out);
printf(USAGE_HELP_OPTIONS(24));
printf(USAGE_MAN_TAIL("ionice(1)"));
exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int data = 4, set = 0, ioclass = IOPRIO_CLASS_BE, c;
int which = 0, who = 0;
const char *invalid_msg = NULL;
static const struct option longopts[] = {
{ "classdata", required_argument, NULL, 'n' },
{ "class", required_argument, NULL, 'c' },
{ "help", no_argument, NULL, 'h' },
{ "ignore", no_argument, NULL, 't' },
{ "pid", required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
{ "pgid", required_argument, NULL, 'P' },
{ "uid", required_argument, NULL, 'u' },
{ "version", no_argument, NULL, 'V' },
{ NULL, 0, NULL, 0 }
};
setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
bindtextdomain(PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
textdomain(PACKAGE);
close_stdout_atexit();
while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "+n:c:p:P:u:tVh", longopts, NULL)) != EOF)
switch (c) {
case 'n':
data = strtos32_or_err(optarg, _("invalid class data argument"));
set |= 1;
break;
case 'c':
if (isdigit(*optarg))
ioclass = strtos32_or_err(optarg,
_("invalid class argument"));
else {
ioclass = parse_ioclass(optarg);
if (ioclass < 0)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE,
_("unknown scheduling class: '%s'"),
optarg);
}
set |= 2;
break;
case 'p':
if (who)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE,
_("can handle only one of pid, pgid or uid at once"));
invalid_msg = _("invalid PID argument");
which = strtos32_or_err(optarg, invalid_msg);
who = IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS;
break;
case 'P':
if (who)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE,
_("can handle only one of pid, pgid or uid at once"));
invalid_msg = _("invalid PGID argument");
which = strtos32_or_err(optarg, invalid_msg);
who = IOPRIO_WHO_PGRP;
break;
case 'u':
if (who)
errx(EXIT_FAILURE,
_("can handle only one of pid, pgid or uid at once"));
invalid_msg = _("invalid UID argument");
which = strtos32_or_err(optarg, invalid_msg);
who = IOPRIO_WHO_USER;
break;
case 't':
tolerant = 1;
break;
case 'V':
print_version(EXIT_SUCCESS);
case 'h':
usage();
default:
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
switch (ioclass) {
case IOPRIO_CLASS_NONE:
if ((set & 1) && !tolerant)
warnx(_("ignoring given class data for none class"));
data = 0;
break;
case IOPRIO_CLASS_RT:
case IOPRIO_CLASS_BE:
break;
case IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE:
if ((set & 1) && !tolerant)
warnx(_("ignoring given class data for idle class"));
data = 7;
break;
default:
if (!tolerant)
warnx(_("unknown prio class %d"), ioclass);
break;
}
if (!set && !which && optind == argc)
/*
* ionice without options, print the current ioprio
*/
ioprio_print(0, IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS);
else if (!set && who) {
/*
* ionice -p|-P|-u ID [ID ...]
*/
ioprio_print(which, who);
for(; argv[optind]; ++optind) {
which = strtos32_or_err(argv[optind], invalid_msg);
ioprio_print(which, who);
}
} else if (set && who) {
/*
* ionice -c CLASS -p|-P|-u ID [ID ...]
*/
ioprio_setid(which, ioclass, data, who);
for(; argv[optind]; ++optind) {
which = strtos32_or_err(argv[optind], invalid_msg);
ioprio_setid(which, ioclass, data, who);
}
} else if (argv[optind]) {
/*
* ionice [-c CLASS] COMMAND
*/
ioprio_setid(0, ioclass, data, IOPRIO_WHO_PROCESS);
execvp(argv[optind], &argv[optind]);
errexec(argv[optind]);
} else {
warnx(_("bad usage"));
errtryhelp(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}