You can not select more than 25 topics Topics must start with a letter or number, can include dashes ('-') and can be up to 35 characters long.
 
 
 
 
 
 
shadow/src/vipw.c

599 lines
15 KiB

/*
vipw, vigr edit the password or group file
with -s will edit shadow or gshadow file
*
* SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 1997 , Guy Maor <maor@ece.utexas.edu>
* SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 1999 - 2000, Marek Michałkiewicz
* SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2002 - 2006, Tomasz Kłoczko
* SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2007 - 2013, Nicolas François
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
*/
#include <config.h>
#ident "$Id$"
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#ifdef WITH_SELINUX
#include <selinux/selinux.h>
#endif /* WITH_SELINUX */
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <utime.h>
#include "defines.h"
#include "groupio.h"
#include "nscd.h"
#include "sssd.h"
#include "prototypes.h"
#include "pwio.h"
#include "sgroupio.h"
#include "shadowio.h"
/*@-exitarg@*/
#include "exitcodes.h"
#ifdef WITH_TCB
#include <tcb.h>
#include "tcbfuncs.h"
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
#include "shadowlog.h"
#define MSG_WARN_EDIT_OTHER_FILE _( \
"You have modified %s.\n"\
"You may need to modify %s for consistency.\n"\
"Please use the command '%s' to do so.\n")
/*
* Global variables
*/
const char *Prog;
static const char *filename, *fileeditname;
static bool filelocked = false;
static bool createedit = false;
static int (*unlock) (void);
static bool quiet = false;
#ifdef WITH_TCB
static const char *user = NULL;
static bool tcb_mode = false;
#define SHADOWTCB_SCRATCHDIR ":tmp"
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
/* local function prototypes */
static void usage (int status);
static int create_backup_file (FILE *, const char *, struct stat *);
static void vipwexit (const char *msg, int syserr, int ret);
static void vipwedit (const char *, int (*)(void), int (*)(void));
/*
* usage - display usage message and exit
*/
static void usage (int status)
{
FILE *usageout = (E_SUCCESS != status) ? stderr : stdout;
(void) fprintf (stderr,
_("Usage: %s [options]\n"
"\n"
"Options:\n"),
Prog);
(void) fputs (_(" -g, --group edit group database\n"), usageout);
(void) fputs (_(" -h, --help display this help message and exit\n"), usageout);
(void) fputs (_(" -p, --passwd edit passwd database\n"), usageout);
(void) fputs (_(" -q, --quiet quiet mode\n"), usageout);
(void) fputs (_(" -R, --root CHROOT_DIR directory to chroot into\n"), usageout);
(void) fputs (_(" -s, --shadow edit shadow or gshadow database\n"), usageout);
#ifdef WITH_TCB
(void) fputs (_(" -u, --user which user's tcb shadow file to edit\n"), usageout);
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
(void) fputs (_("\n"), usageout);
exit (status);
}
/*
*
*/
static int create_backup_file (FILE * fp, const char *backup, struct stat *sb)
{
struct utimbuf ub;
FILE *bkfp;
int c;
mode_t mask;
mask = umask (077);
bkfp = fopen (backup, "w");
(void) umask (mask);
if (NULL == bkfp) {
return -1;
}
c = 0;
if (fseeko (fp, 0, SEEK_SET) == 0)
while ((c = getc (fp)) != EOF) {
if (putc (c, bkfp) == EOF) {
break;
}
}
if ((EOF != c) || (ferror (fp) != 0) || (fflush (bkfp) != 0)) {
fclose (bkfp);
unlink (backup);
return -1;
}
if (fsync (fileno (bkfp)) != 0) {
(void) fclose (bkfp);
unlink (backup);
return -1;
}
if (fclose (bkfp) != 0) {
unlink (backup);
return -1;
}
ub.actime = sb->st_atime;
ub.modtime = sb->st_mtime;
if ( (utime (backup, &ub) != 0)
|| (chmod (backup, sb->st_mode) != 0)
|| (chown (backup, sb->st_uid, sb->st_gid) != 0)) {
unlink (backup);
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
/*
*
*/
static void vipwexit (const char *msg, int syserr, int ret)
{
int err = errno;
if (createedit) {
if (unlink (fileeditname) != 0) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: failed to remove %s\n"), Prog, fileeditname);
/* continue */
}
}
if (filelocked) {
if ((*unlock) () == 0) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: failed to unlock %s\n"), Prog, fileeditname);
SYSLOG ((LOG_ERR, "failed to unlock %s", fileeditname));
/* continue */
}
}
if (NULL != msg) {
fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s", Prog, msg);
}
if (0 != syserr) {
fprintf (stderr, ": %s", strerror (err));
}
if ( (NULL != msg)
|| (0 != syserr)) {
(void) fputs ("\n", stderr);
}
if (!quiet) {
fprintf (stdout, _("%s: %s is unchanged\n"), Prog,
filename);
}
exit (ret);
}
#ifndef DEFAULT_EDITOR
#define DEFAULT_EDITOR "vi"
#endif
/*
*
*/
static void
vipwedit (const char *file, int (*file_lock) (void), int (*file_unlock) (void))
{
const char *editor;
pid_t pid;
struct stat st1, st2;
int status;
FILE *f;
pid_t orig_pgrp, editor_pgrp = -1;
sigset_t mask, omask;
/* FIXME: the following should have variable sizes */
char filebackup[1024], fileedit[1024];
char *to_rename;
snprintf (filebackup, sizeof filebackup, "%s-", file);
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode) {
if ( (mkdir (TCB_DIR "/" SHADOWTCB_SCRATCHDIR, 0700) != 0)
&& (errno != EEXIST)) {
vipwexit (_("failed to create scratch directory"), errno, 1);
}
if (shadowtcb_drop_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE) {
vipwexit (_("failed to drop privileges"), errno, 1);
}
snprintf (fileedit, sizeof fileedit,
TCB_DIR "/" SHADOWTCB_SCRATCHDIR "/.vipw.shadow.%s",
user);
} else {
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
snprintf (fileedit, sizeof fileedit, "%s.edit", file);
#ifdef WITH_TCB
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
unlock = file_unlock;
filename = file;
fileeditname = fileedit;
if (access (file, F_OK) != 0) {
vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
}
#ifdef WITH_SELINUX
/* if SE Linux is enabled then set the context of all new files
to be the context of the file we are editing */
if (is_selinux_enabled () != 0) {
char *passwd_context_raw = NULL;
int ret = 0;
if (getfilecon_raw (file, &passwd_context_raw) < 0) {
vipwexit (_("Couldn't get file context"), errno, 1);
}
ret = setfscreatecon_raw (passwd_context_raw);
freecon (passwd_context_raw);
if (0 != ret) {
vipwexit (_("setfscreatecon () failed"), errno, 1);
}
}
#endif /* WITH_SELINUX */
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode && (shadowtcb_gain_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE)) {
vipwexit (_("failed to gain privileges"), errno, 1);
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
if (file_lock () == 0) {
vipwexit (_("Couldn't lock file"), errno, 5);
}
filelocked = true;
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode && (shadowtcb_drop_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE)) {
vipwexit (_("failed to drop privileges"), errno, 1);
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
/* edited copy has same owners, perm */
if (stat (file, &st1) != 0) {
vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
}
f = fopen (file, "r");
if (NULL == f) {
vipwexit (file, 1, 1);
}
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode && (shadowtcb_gain_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE))
vipwexit (_("failed to gain privileges"), errno, 1);
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
if (create_backup_file (f, fileedit, &st1) != 0) {
vipwexit (_("Couldn't make backup"), errno, 1);
}
(void) fclose (f);
createedit = true;
editor = getenv ("VISUAL");
if (NULL == editor) {
editor = getenv ("EDITOR");
}
if (NULL == editor) {
editor = DEFAULT_EDITOR;
}
orig_pgrp = tcgetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO);
pid = fork ();
if (-1 == pid) {
vipwexit ("fork", 1, 1);
} else if (0 == pid) {
/* use the system() call to invoke the editor so that it accepts
command line args in the EDITOR and VISUAL environment vars */
char *buf;
/* Wait for parent to make us the foreground pgrp. */
if (orig_pgrp != -1) {
pid = getpid();
setpgid(0, 0);
while (tcgetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO) != pid)
continue;
}
buf = (char *) malloc (strlen (editor) + strlen (fileedit) + 2);
snprintf (buf, strlen (editor) + strlen (fileedit) + 2,
"%s %s", editor, fileedit);
status = system (buf);
if (-1 == status) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: %s: %s\n"), Prog, editor,
strerror (errno));
exit (1);
} else if ( WIFEXITED (status)
&& (WEXITSTATUS (status) != 0)) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: %s returned with status %d\n"),
Prog, editor, WEXITSTATUS (status));
exit (WEXITSTATUS (status));
} else if (WIFSIGNALED (status)) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: %s killed by signal %d\n"),
Prog, editor, WTERMSIG (status));
exit (1);
} else {
exit (0);
}
}
/* Run child in a new pgrp and make it the foreground pgrp. */
if (orig_pgrp != -1) {
setpgid(pid, pid);
tcsetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO, pid);
/* Avoid SIGTTOU when changing foreground pgrp below. */
sigemptyset(&mask);
sigaddset(&mask, SIGTTOU);
sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &mask, &omask);
}
/* set SIGCHLD to default for waitpid */
signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_DFL);
for (;;) {
pid = waitpid (pid, &status, WUNTRACED);
if ((pid != -1) && (WIFSTOPPED (status) != 0)) {
/* The child (editor) was suspended.
* Restore terminal pgrp and suspend vipw. */
if (orig_pgrp != -1) {
editor_pgrp = tcgetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO);
if (editor_pgrp == -1) {
fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s", Prog,
"tcgetpgrp", strerror (errno));
}
if (tcsetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO, orig_pgrp) == -1) {
fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s", Prog,
"tcsetpgrp", strerror (errno));
}
}
kill (getpid (), SIGSTOP);
/* wake child when resumed */
if (editor_pgrp != -1) {
if (tcsetpgrp(STDIN_FILENO, editor_pgrp) == -1) {
fprintf (stderr, "%s: %s: %s", Prog,
"tcsetpgrp", strerror (errno));
}
}
killpg (pid, SIGCONT);
} else {
break;
}
}
if (orig_pgrp != -1)
sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &omask, NULL);
if (-1 == pid) {
vipwexit (editor, 1, 1);
} else if ( WIFEXITED (status)
&& (WEXITSTATUS (status) != 0)) {
vipwexit (NULL, 0, WEXITSTATUS (status));
} else if (WIFSIGNALED (status)) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: %s killed by signal %d\n"),
Prog, editor, WTERMSIG(status));
vipwexit (NULL, 0, 1);
}
if (stat (fileedit, &st2) != 0) {
vipwexit (fileedit, 1, 1);
}
if (st1.st_mtime == st2.st_mtime) {
vipwexit (0, 0, 0);
}
#ifdef WITH_SELINUX
/* unset the fscreatecon */
if (is_selinux_enabled () != 0) {
if (setfscreatecon_raw (NULL) != 0) {
vipwexit (_("setfscreatecon () failed"), errno, 1);
}
}
#endif /* WITH_SELINUX */
/*
* XXX - here we should check fileedit for errors; if there are any,
* ask the user what to do (edit again, save changes anyway, or quit
* without saving). Use pwck or grpck to do the check. --marekm
*/
createedit = false;
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode) {
f = fopen (fileedit, "r");
if (NULL == f) {
vipwexit (_("failed to open scratch file"), errno, 1);
}
if (unlink (fileedit) != 0) {
vipwexit (_("failed to unlink scratch file"), errno, 1);
}
if (shadowtcb_drop_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE) {
vipwexit (_("failed to drop privileges"), errno, 1);
}
if (stat (file, &st1) != 0) {
vipwexit (_("failed to stat edited file"), errno, 1);
}
to_rename = malloc (strlen (file) + 2);
if (NULL == to_rename) {
vipwexit (_("failed to allocate memory"), errno, 1);
}
snprintf (to_rename, strlen (file) + 2, "%s+", file);
if (create_backup_file (f, to_rename, &st1) != 0) {
free (to_rename);
vipwexit (_("failed to create backup file"), errno, 1);
}
(void) fclose (f);
} else {
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
to_rename = fileedit;
#ifdef WITH_TCB
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
unlink (filebackup);
link (file, filebackup);
if (rename (to_rename, file) == -1) {
fprintf (stderr,
_("%s: can't restore %s: %s (your changes are in %s)\n"),
Prog, file, strerror (errno), to_rename);
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode) {
free (to_rename);
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
vipwexit (0, 0, 1);
}
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (tcb_mode) {
free (to_rename);
if (shadowtcb_gain_priv () == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE) {
vipwexit (_("failed to gain privileges"), errno, 1);
}
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
if ((*file_unlock) () == 0) {
fprintf (stderr, _("%s: failed to unlock %s\n"), Prog, fileeditname);
SYSLOG ((LOG_ERR, "failed to unlock %s", fileeditname));
/* continue */
}
SYSLOG ((LOG_INFO, "file %s edited", fileeditname));
}
int main (int argc, char **argv)
{
bool editshadow = false;
bool do_vipw;
Prog = Basename (argv[0]);
log_set_progname(Prog);
log_set_logfd(stderr);
(void) setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
(void) bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
(void) textdomain (PACKAGE);
process_root_flag ("-R", argc, argv);
do_vipw = (strcmp (Prog, "vigr") != 0);
OPENLOG (do_vipw ? "vipw" : "vigr");
{
/*
* Parse the command line options.
*/
int c;
static struct option long_options[] = {
{"group", no_argument, NULL, 'g'},
{"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
{"passwd", no_argument, NULL, 'p'},
{"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
{"root", required_argument, NULL, 'R'},
{"shadow", no_argument, NULL, 's'},
#ifdef WITH_TCB
{"user", required_argument, NULL, 'u'},
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
{NULL, 0, NULL, '\0'}
};
while ((c = getopt_long (argc, argv,
#ifdef WITH_TCB
"ghpqR:su:",
#else /* !WITH_TCB */
"ghpqR:s",
#endif /* !WITH_TCB */
long_options, NULL)) != -1) {
switch (c) {
case 'g':
do_vipw = false;
break;
case 'h':
usage (E_SUCCESS);
break;
case 'p':
do_vipw = true;
break;
case 'q':
quiet = true;
break;
case 'R': /* no-op, handled in process_root_flag () */
break;
case 's':
editshadow = true;
break;
#ifdef WITH_TCB
case 'u':
user = optarg;
break;
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
default:
usage (E_USAGE);
}
}
if (optind != argc) {
usage (E_USAGE);
}
}
if (do_vipw) {
if (editshadow) {
#ifdef WITH_TCB
if (getdef_bool ("USE_TCB") && (NULL != user)) {
if (shadowtcb_set_user (user) == SHADOWTCB_FAILURE) {
fprintf (stderr,
_("%s: failed to find tcb directory for %s\n"),
Prog, user);
return E_SHADOW_NOTFOUND;
}
tcb_mode = true;
}
#endif /* WITH_TCB */
vipwedit (spw_dbname (), spw_lock, spw_unlock);
printf (MSG_WARN_EDIT_OTHER_FILE,
spw_dbname (),
pw_dbname (),
"vipw");
} else {
vipwedit (pw_dbname (), pw_lock, pw_unlock);
if (spw_file_present ()) {
printf (MSG_WARN_EDIT_OTHER_FILE,
pw_dbname (),
spw_dbname (),
"vipw -s");
}
}
} else {
#ifdef SHADOWGRP
if (editshadow) {
vipwedit (sgr_dbname (), sgr_lock, sgr_unlock);
printf (MSG_WARN_EDIT_OTHER_FILE,
sgr_dbname (),
gr_dbname (),
"vigr");
} else {
#endif /* SHADOWGRP */
vipwedit (gr_dbname (), gr_lock, gr_unlock);
#ifdef SHADOWGRP
if (sgr_file_present ()) {
printf (MSG_WARN_EDIT_OTHER_FILE,
gr_dbname (),
sgr_dbname (),
"vigr -s");
}
}
#endif /* SHADOWGRP */
}
nscd_flush_cache ("passwd");
nscd_flush_cache ("group");
sssd_flush_cache (SSSD_DB_PASSWD | SSSD_DB_GROUP);
return E_SUCCESS;
}