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shadow/NEWS

2167 lines
104 KiB

$Id$
shadow-4.1.5.1 -> shadow-4.2 UNRELEASED
*** general
* Handle libc whose crypt() returns NULL when passed a salt that
violates specs or system requirements (e.g. FIPS140). This is needed
with glibc/eglibc 2.17 for tools checking passwords (passwd (non PAM
enabled) or newgrp), and for tools generating encrypted passwords
(chgpasswd, chpasswd, or gpasswd when non PAM enabled or when a fixed
crypt method is requested on the command line, and newusers, or passwd
in their non PAM enabled versions)
* Fix segfault when reading groups split on multiple lines. This impacts
most user/group management tools when MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP is set.
- su
* When su receives a signal (SIGTERM, or SIGINT/SIGQUIT in non
interactive mode), kill the child process group, rather than just the
immediate child.
* Fix segmentation faults for users without a proper home or shell in
their passwd entries.
- login
* Fix segmentation faults for users without a proper home or shell in
their passwd entries.
*** documentation
* Fixed useradd man page (--home-dir option, instead of --home).
*** translation
* Updated Russian translation.
* Updated German man pages translation.
* Fixed gshadow Japanese man page translation.
shadow-4.1.5 -> shadow-4.1.5.1 2012-05-25
- login
* Log into utmp(x) when PAM is enabled, but do not log into wtmp.
This complete pam_lastlog which logs into wtmp and in into utmp(x).
- su
* non PAM enabled versions: do not fail if su is called without a
controlling terminal.
- userdel
* Fix segfault when userdel removes the user's group.
*** documentation
* .so links now point to paths relative to the top-level manual hierarchy
11 years ago
*** translation
* Updated French man pages translation.
* Updated German man pages translation.
* Updated Polish man pages translation. (logoutd.8)
shadow-4.1.4.3 -> shadow-4.1.5 2012-02-12
*** security
* su -c could be abused by the executed command to invoke commands with
the caller privileges. See below. (CVE-2005-4890)
*** general
* report usage error to stderr, but report usage help to stdout (and return
zero) when explicitly requested (e.g. with --help).
* initial support for tcb (http://openwall.com/tcb/) for useradd,
userdel, usermod, chage, pwck, vipw.
* Added support for ACLs and Extended Attributes in useradd and usermod.
Support shall be enabled with the new --with-acl or --with-attr
configure options.
* Added diagnosis for lock failures.
* use libsemanage instead of the semanage tool.
- chage
* Add --root option.
- chfn
* Add --root option.
- chgpasswd
* When the gshadow file exists but there are no gshadow entries, an entry
is created if the password is changed and group requires a
shadow entry.
* Add --root option.
- chpasswd
* PAM enabled versions: restore the -e option to allow restoring
passwords without knowing those passwords. Restore together the -m
and -c options. (These options were removed in shadow-4.1.4 on PAM
enabled versions)
* When the shadow file exists but there are no shadow entries, an entry
is created if the password is changed and passwd requires a
shadow entry.
* Add --root option.
- chsh
* Add --root option.
- faillog
* The -l, -m, -r, -t options only act on the existing users, unless -a is
specified.
* Add --root option.
- gpasswd
* Add --root option.
- groupadd
* Add --root option.
- groupdel
* Add --root option.
- groupmems
* Fix parsing of gshadow entries.
* Add --root option.
- groupmod
* Fixed groupmod when configured with --enable-account-tools-setuid.
* When the gshadow file exists but there are no gshadow entries, an entry
is created if the password is changed and group requires a
shadow entry.
* Add --root option.
- grpck
* Add --root option.
* NIS entries were dropped by -s (sort).
- grpconv
* Add --root option.
- grpunconv
* Add --root option.
- lastlog
* Add --root option.
11 years ago
- login
* Fixed limits support (non PAM enabled versions only)
* Added support for infinite limits and group based limits (non PAM
enabled versions only)
* Fixed infinite loop when CONSOLE is configured with a colon-separated
list of TTYs.
* Fixed warning and support for CONSOLE_GROUPS for users member of more
than 16 groups.
* Do not log into utmp(x) or wtmp when PAM is enabled. This is done by
pam_lastlog.
- newgrp, sg
* Fix parsing of gshadow entries.
- newusers
* Add --root option.
- passwd
* Add --root option.
- pwpck
* NIS entries were dropped by -s (sort).
* Add --root option.
- pwconv
* Add --root option.
- pwunconv
* Add --root option.
- useradd
* If the skeleton directory contained hardlinked files, copies of the
hardlink were removed from the skeleton directory.
* Add --root option.
- userdel
* Check the existence of the user's mail spool before trying to remove
it. If it does not exist, a warning is issued, but no failure.
* Do not remove a group with the same name as the user (usergroup) if
this group isn't the user's primary group.
* Add --root option.
* Add --selinux-user option.
- usermod
* Accept options in any order (username not necessarily at the end)
* When the shadow file exists but there are no shadow entries, an entry
is created if the password is changed and passwd requires a
shadow entry, or if aging features are used (-e or -f).
* Add --root option.
11 years ago
- su
* Document the su exit values.
* When su receives a signal, wait for the child to terminate (after
sending a SIGTERM), and kill it only if it did not terminate by itself.
No delay will be enforced if the child cooperates.
* Default ENV_SUPATH is /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
* Fixed infinite loop when CONSOLE is configured with a colon-separated
list of TTYs.
* Fixed warning and support for CONSOLE_GROUPS for users member of more
than 16 groups.
* Do not forward the controlling terminal to commands executed with -c.
This prevents tty hijacking which could lead to execution with the
caller's privileges.
* Close PAM sessions as root. This will be more friendly to PAM modules
like pam_mount or pam_systemd.
* Added support for PAM modules which change PAM_USER.
*** translation
* Updated Brazilian Portuguese translation.
* Updated Catalan translation.
* Updated Czech translation.
* Updated Danish translation.
* New Danish man pages translation.
* Updated French translation.
* Updated French man pages translation.
* Updated German translation.
* Updated German man pages translation.
* Updated Greek translation.
* Updated Italian man pages translation.
* Updated Japanese translation.
* Updated Kazakh translation.
* Updated Norwegian Bokmål translation.
* Updated Portuguese translation.
* Updated Russian translation.
* Updated Simplified Chinese translation.
* Updated Simplified Chinese man pages translation.
* Updated Swedish translation.
* Updated Vietnamese translation.
shadow-4.1.4.2 -> shadow-4.1.4.3 2011-02-15
*** security
- CVE-2011-0721: An insufficient input sanitation in chfn can be exploited
to create users or groups in a NIS environment.
shadow-4.1.4.1 -> shadow-4.1.4.2 2009-07-24
- general
* Improved support for large groups (impacts most user/group management
tools).
- addition of system users or groups
* Speed improvement. This should be noticeable in case of LDAP configured
systems. This should impact useradd, groupadd, and newusers
* Since system accounts are allocated from SYS_?ID_MIN to SYS_?ID_MAX in
reverse order, accounts are packed close to SYS_?ID_MAX if SYS_?ID_MIN
is already used but there are still dome gaps.
- login
* Add support for shells being a shell script without a shebang.
- su
* Preserve the DISPLAY and XAUTHORITY environment variables. This was
only the case in the non PAM enabled versions.
* Add support for shells being a shell script without a shebang.
*** translation
* The Finnish translation of passwd(1) was outdated and is no more
distributed.
shadow-4.1.4 -> shadow-4.1.4.1 2009-05-22
- login
* Fix failures with empty usernames on non PAM versions.
* Fix CONSOLE (securetty) support on non PAM versions.
- newgrp
* Return the exit status of the child.
- userdel
* On Linux, do not check if an user is logged in with utmp, but check if
the user is running some processes.
* If not on Linux, continue to search for an utmp record, but make sure
the process recorded in the utmp entry is still running.
* Report failures to remove the user's mailbox
* When USERGROUPS_ENAB is enabled, remove the user's group when the
user was the only member.
* Do not fail when -r is used and the home directory does not exist.
- usermod
* Check if the user is busy when the user's UID, name or home directory
is changed.
shadow-4.1.3.1 -> shadow-4.1.4 2009-05-10
- packaging
* Enable --enable-account-tools-setuid by default for PAM builds.
* Add configure option --enable-utmpx, disabled by default to mimic
the previous behavior on Linux (where utmp and utmpx are identical).
* Fix build failure on non-PAM systems when --without-pam is not
specified.
- chpasswd
* Change the passwords using PAM. This permits to define the password
policy in a central place. The -c/--crypt-method, -e/--encrypted,
-m/--md5 and -s/--sha-rounds options are no more supported on PAM
enabled systems.
- grpck
* Warn if a group has an entry in group and gshadow, and the password
field in group is not 'x'.
- login
* Do not trust the current utmp entry's ut_line to set PAM_TTY. This could
lead to DOS attacks.
* (PAM) Even if the user was already authenticated (-f flag), ask the
user to update his authentication token if needed.
- lastlog
* Fix regression causing empty reports.
- newusers
* Change the passwords using PAM. This permits to define the password
policy in a central place. The -c/--crypt-method and -s/--sha-rounds
options are no more supported on PAM enabled systems.
- pwck
* Warn if an user has an entry in passwd and shadow, and the password
field in passwd is not 'x'.
*** translation
- Updated Czech translation
- Updated French translation
- Updated German translation
- Updated Japanese translation
- Updated Korean translation
- Updated Portuguese translation
- Updated Russian translation
shadow-4.1.3 -> shadow-4.1.3.1 2009-04-15
*** security:
- Due to bad parsing of octal permissions, the permissions on tty (login)
14 years ago
but also UMASK were set wrongly (and weirdly). Only shadow-4.1.3 was
affected.
*** general
- login
* Fix regression when no user is specified on the command line.
- userdel
* Fixed SE Linux support
- vipw
* SE Linux: Set the default context to the context of the file being
edited. This ensures that the backup file inherit from the file's
context.
*** translation
- Updated Norwegian Bokmål translation
shadow-4.1.2.2 -> shadow-4.1.3 2009-04-12
*** general:
- packaging
* Fixed support for OpenPAM.
* Fixed support for uclibc.
* Added configure --enable-account-tools-setuid (default) /
--disable-account-tools-setuid options. This permits to disable the
PAM authentication of the caller for chage, chgpasswd, chpasswd,
groupadd, groupdel, groupmod, newusers, useradd, userdel, and usermod.
This authentication is not necessary when these tools are not
installed setuid root.
* Added configure --with-group-name-max-length (default) /
--without-group-name-max-length options. This permits to configure the maximum length allowed for group names:
<no option> -> default of 16 (like today)
--with-group-name-max-length -> default of 16
--without-group-name-max-length -> no max length
--with-group-name-max-length=n > max is set to n
No sanity checking is performed on n so people could do
something neat like --with-group-name-max-length=MAX_INT
- addition of users or groups
* Speed improvement in case UID_MAX/SYS_UID_MAX/GID_MAX/SYS_GID_MAX is
used for an user/group. This should be noticeable in case of LDAP
configured systems. This should impact useradd, groupadd, and newusers
- error handling improvement
* Make sure errors and incomplete changes are reported to syslog and
audit in case of unexpected failures.
* Report system inconsistencies to syslog and audit.
* Only report success to syslog and audit if the changes are really
performed in the system databases.
This is still not complete.
- /etc/login.defs
* New CREATE_HOME variable to tell useradd to create a home directory by
default.
- Translations
* New Kazakh translation.
* Spanish manpages are no more distributed. They are outdated. Please
contact pkg-shadow-devel@lists.alioth.debian.org if you wish to
provide updates.
- faillog
* Accept users specified as a numerical UID, or ranges of users (-user,
user-, user1-user2).
* -l, -m, and -r now apply not only to existing users, but to all the
specified UIDs.
* Options can be specified in any order.
- gpasswd
* Added support for long options --add (-a), --delete (-d),
--remove-password (-r), --restrict (-R), --administrators (-A), and
--members (-M).
* Added support for usernames with arbitrary length.
* audit logging improvements.
* error handling improvement (see above).
* Log permission denied to syslog and audit.
- groupadd
* audit logging improvements.
* error handling improvement (see above).
* Speedup (see "addition of users or groups" above).
* do not create groups with GID set to (gid_t)-1.
* Allocate system group GIDs in reverse order. This could be useful
later to increase the static IDs range.
- groupdel
* audit logging improvements.
* error handling improvement (see above).
- groupmems
* Check if user exist before they are added to groups.
* Avoid segfault in case the specified group does not exist in /etc/group.
* Everybody is allowed to list the users of a group.
* /etc/group is open readonly when one just wants to list the users of a
group.
* Added syslog support.
* Use the groupmems PAM service name instead of groupmod.
* Fix segmentation faults when adding or removing users from a group.
* Added support for shadow groups.
* Added support long options --add (-a), --delete (-d), --purge (-p),
--list (-l), --group (-g).
- groupmod
* audit logging improvements.
* error handling improvement (see above).
* do not create groups with GID set to (gid_t)-1.
- grpck
* warn for groups with GID set to (gid_t)-1.
- login
* Restore the echoctl, echoke, onclr flags to the terminal termio flags.
Reset echoprt, noflsh, tostop. This behavior seems to have change by
mistake in earlier releases (4.0.8, for no obvious reason).
- newusers
* Implement the -r, --system option.
* Speedup (see "addition of users or groups" above).
* do not create users with UID set to (gid_t)-1.
* do not create groups with GID set to (gid_t)-1.
* Allocate system account UIDs/GIDs in reverse order. This could be useful
later to increase the static IDs range.
- passwd
* For compatibility with other passwd version, the --lock an --unlock
options do not lock or unlock the user account anymore. They only
lock or unlock the user's password.
- pwck
* warn for users with UID set to (uid_t)-1.
- su
* Preserve COLORTERM in addition to TERM when su is called with the -l
option.
- useradd
* audit logging improvements.
* Speedup (see "addition of users or groups" above).
* See CREATE_HOME above.
* New -M/--no-create-home option to disable CREATE_HOME.
* do not create users with UID set to (gid_t)-1.
* Added -Z option to map SELinux user for user's login.
* Allocate system user UIDs in reverse order. This could be useful
later to increase the static IDs range.
- userdel
* audit logging improvements.
* Do not fail if the removed user is not in the shadow database.
* When the user's group shall be removed, do not fail if this group is
not in the gshadow file.
* Delete the SELinux user mapping for user's login.
- usermod
* Allow adding LDAP users (or any user not present in the local passwd
file) to local groups
* do not create users with UID set to (gid_t)-1.
* Added -Z option to map SELinux user for user's login.
shadow-4.1.2.1 -> shadow-4.1.2.2 23-11-2008
*** security
- Fix a race condition in login that could lead to gaining ownership or
changing mode of arbitrary files.
- Fix a possible login DOS, which could be caused by injecting forged
entries in utmp.
shadow-4.1.2 -> shadow-4.1.2.1 26-06-2008
*** security
- Fix an "audit log injection" vulnerability in login.
This vulnerability makes it easier for attackers to hide activities by
modifying portions of log events, e.g. by appending an addr= statement
to the login name.
shadow-4.1.1 -> shadow-4.1.2 25-05-2008
*** security:
- generation of SHA encrypted passwords (chpasswd, gpasswd, newusers,
chgpasswd; and also passwd if configured without PAM support).
The number of rounds and number of salt bytes was fixed to their lower
allowed values (resp. configurable and 8), hence voiding some of the
advantages of this encryption method. Dictionary attacks with
precomputed tables were easier than expected, but still harder than with
the MD5 (or DES) methods.
*** general:
- packaging
* Distribute the chfn, chsh, and userdel PAM configuration file.
* Fix the detection of the audit, pam, and selinux library and header
file; and fail if the feature is requested but not present on the
system.
* Fix build failure when configured with audit support.
- chfn
* Allow non-US-ASCII characters in the GECOS fields ("name", "room
number", and "other info" fields).
- login
* Do not fail if a shell option, specified after --, has more than 2
letters.
- su
* If the SULOG_FILE does not exist when an su session is logged, make
sure the file is created with group root, instead of using the group
of the caller.
- vipw
* Resume properly after ^Z.
*** documentation:
- Document the -r, --system option in the useradd, groupadd, and newusers
manpages.
- Document the -c, --crypt-method and -s, --sha-rounds options in the
newusers manpage.
- Document the -k, --skel option in the useradd manpage.
- Tag the section which require --enable-shadowgrp or --with-sha-crypt
accordingly.
shadow-4.1.0 -> shadow-4.1.1 02-04-2008
*** general:
- security
* Do not seed the random number generator each time, and use the time in
microseconds to avoid having the same salt for different passwords
generated in the same second.
- packaging
* Do not install the shadow library per default.
- general
* Do not translate the messages sent to syslog. This avoids logging
PAM error messages in the users's locale.
- etc/login.defs
* Set GID_MIN to the same value as UID_MIN by default (1000).
* Added variables SYS_UID_MIN (100), SYS_UID_MAX (999), SYS_GID_MIN (100),
SYS_GID_MAX (999) for system accounts.
- etc/useradd
* /etc/default/useradd now defines HOME as /home to match FHS.
- chage
* Fix bug which forbid to set the aging information of an account with a
passwd entry, but no shadow entry.
- faillog
* faillog -r now only reset the entries of existing users. This makes
faillog faster.
- gpasswd
* Fix failures when the gshadow file is not present.
11 years ago
* When a password is moved to the gshadow file, use "x" instead of "!"
to indicate that the password is shadowed (consistency with grpconv).
* Make sure the group and gshadow files are unlocked on exit.
- groupadd
* New option -p/--password to specify an encrypted password.
* New option -r, --system for system accounts.
- groupdel
* Do not fail if the group does not exist in the gshadow file.
* Do not rewrite the group or gshadow file in case of error.
* Make sure the group and gshadow files are unlocked on exit.
* Fail if the system is not configured to support split groups and
different group entries have the name of the group to be deleted.
- groupmems
* Fix buffer overflow when adding an user to a group. Thanks to Peter Vrabec.
- groupmod
* New option -p/--password to specify an encrypted password.
* Make sure the group and gshadow files are unlocked on exit.
* When the GID of a group is changed, update also the GID of the passwd
entries of the users whose primary group is the group being modified.
- grpck
* Fix logging of changes to syslog when a group file is provided,
without a gshadow file.
- lastlog
* Accept users specified as a numerical UID, or ranges of users (-user,
user-, user1-user2).
- login
* Use PATH and SUPATH to set the PATH environment variable, even when
support for PAM is enabled.
* If started as init, start a new session.
- newgrp
* Fix segfault when an user returns to an unknown GID (either the user
was deleted during the user's newgrp session or the user's passwd
entry referenced an invalid group). Add a syslog warning in that case.
* Use the correct AUDIT_CHGRP_ID event instead of AUDIT_USER_START, when
changing the user space group ID with newgrp or sg.
- newusers
* The new users are no more added to the list of members of their groups
because the membership is already set by their primary group.
* Added support for gshadow.
* Avoid using the same salt for different passwords.
* Fix support for the NONE crypt method.
* newusers will behave more like useradd regarding the choice of UID or
GID or regarding the validity of user and group names.
* New option -r, --system for system accounts.
* Make sure the passwd, group, shadow, and gshadow files are unlocked on
exit.
- passwd
* Make sure that no more than one username argument was provided.
* Make SE Linux tests more strict, when the real UID is 0 SE Linux
checks will be performed.
- pwck
* Fix logging of changes to syslog when a passwd file is provided,
without a shadow file.
- su
* su's arguments are now reordered. If needed, use -- to separate su's
options from the shell's options.
- sulogin
* If started as init, start a new session.
- useradd
* New option -l to avoid adding the user to the lastlog and faillog databases.
* Fix the handling of the --defaults option (it required an argument,
but should behave as -D)
* Document the --defaults option, which was already described in the
useradd's Usage information.
* New option -r, --system for system accounts.
* New options -U, --user-group and -N, --no-user-group. These options
should replace nflg from the previous versions. Please set any -n
option to deprecated because its meaning differs from one distribution
to the other.
* Make sure the passwd, group, shadow, and gshadow files are unlocked on
exit.
- usermod
* Keep the access and modification time of files when moving an user's home
directory.
* Check that the new fields set with -u, -s, -l, -g, -f, -e, -d, and -c
differ from the old ones. If a requested new value is equal to the old
one, no changes will be performed for that field. If no fields are
changed, usermod will exist successfully with a warning. This avoids
logging changes to syslog when there are actually no changes.
* Fix the handling of -a when a user is being renamed (with -l)
- vipw/vigr
* Recommend editing the shadowed (resp. regular) file if the regular (resp.
shadowed) file was edited.
shadow-4.0.18.2 -> shadow-4.1.0 09-12-2007
*** security:
- chgpasswd
When compiled with PAM support, it used the chpasswd policy file instead
of the chgpasswd policy file. If an administrator added some restriction
to the chgpasswd policy file, they were not taken into account.
*** general:
- Add support for SHA256 and SHA512 encrypt methods (supported by new
libc).
- useradd: Allow non numerical group identifier to be specified with
useradd's -g option.
- chgpasswd, chpasswd: Fix chpasswd and chgpasswd stack overflow.
- newgrp: Do not give an indication that the group has no password. Ask
for the password, as if there were a password.
- The permissions of the suid binaries is now configurable in
src/Makefile.am. Note that changing the permissions is not recommended.
- newgrp.c: Declare the child and pid variable at the beginning of a block.
This fixes a compilation issue with gcc 2.95.
- login_nopam: Add support for systems with no innetgr(). On those
systems, username with an @ will be treated like any other username
(i.e. lookup in the local database for an user with an @). Thanks to
Mike Frysinger for the patch.
- Add support for uClibc with no l64a().
- userdel, usermod: Fix infinite loop caused by erroneous group file
containing two entries with the same name. (The fix strategy differs
from
(https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=240915)
- userdel: Abort if an error is detected while updating the passwd or group
databases. The passwd or group files will not be written.
- usermod: Update the group database before flushing the nscd caches.
- usermod: Make sure the group modifications will be allowed before
writing the passwd files.
- Flush the nscd tables using nscd -i instead of the private glibc socket.
- usermod: Make usermod options independent of the argument order.
- newgrp: Do not request a password when a user uses newgrp to switch to
her primary group.
- passwd: -l/-u options: edit the shadow account expiry field *in
addition* to editing the password field.
- pwck: Remove the SHADOWPWD preprocessor check. Some check for /etc/shadow
were always missing.
- su: Avoid terminating the PAM library in the forked child. This is done
later in the parent after closing the PAM session.
- userdel: Fix the homedir prefix checking.
- passwd, usermod: Refuse to unlock an account when it would result in a
passwordless account.
- Full review of the usage of getpwnam(), getpwuid(), getgrnam(),
getgrgid(), and getspnam(). There should be no functional changes.
- gpasswd: Only read information from the local file group database. It
writes the changes in /etc/group and/or /etc/gshadow, but used to read
information from getgrnam (hence possibly from another group database).
- New login.defs variable: MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP. It should provide a
better support for split groups. Be careful when using this variable:
not all tools support well split groups (in or out of the shadow
tool suite). It fixes gpasswd and chgpasswd when split groups are used.
- Use MD5_CRYPT_ENAB, ENCRYPT_METHOD, SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS, and
SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS to define the default encryption algorithm for the
passwords.
- chpasswd, chgpasswd, newusers: New options -c/--crypt-method and
-s/--sha-rounds to supersede the system default encryption algorithm.