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git/builtin/checkout.c

1948 lines
58 KiB

#define USE_THE_INDEX_COMPATIBILITY_MACROS
#include "builtin.h"
#include "advice.h"
#include "blob.h"
#include "branch.h"
#include "cache-tree.h"
#include "checkout.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "diff.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "hook.h"
#include "ll-merge.h"
#include "lockfile.h"
#include "merge-recursive.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "resolve-undo.h"
#include "revision.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "submodule.h"
#include "submodule-config.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "tree-walk.h"
#include "unpack-trees.h"
#include "wt-status.h"
#include "xdiff-interface.h"
#include "entry.h"
#include "parallel-checkout.h"
static const char * const checkout_usage[] = {
N_("git checkout [<options>] <branch>"),
N_("git checkout [<options>] [<branch>] -- <file>..."),
NULL,
};
static const char * const switch_branch_usage[] = {
N_("git switch [<options>] [<branch>]"),
NULL,
};
static const char * const restore_usage[] = {
N_("git restore [<options>] [--source=<branch>] <file>..."),
NULL,
};
struct checkout_opts {
int patch_mode;
int quiet;
int merge;
int force;
int force_detach;
int implicit_detach;
int writeout_stage;
int overwrite_ignore;
int ignore_skipworktree;
int ignore_other_worktrees;
int show_progress;
int count_checkout_paths;
int overlay_mode;
int dwim_new_local_branch;
int discard_changes;
int accept_ref;
int accept_pathspec;
int switch_branch_doing_nothing_is_ok;
int only_merge_on_switching_branches;
int can_switch_when_in_progress;
int orphan_from_empty_tree;
int empty_pathspec_ok;
int checkout_index;
int checkout_worktree;
const char *ignore_unmerged_opt;
int ignore_unmerged;
int pathspec_file_nul;
const char *pathspec_from_file;
const char *new_branch;
const char *new_branch_force;
const char *new_orphan_branch;
int new_branch_log;
enum branch_track track;
struct diff_options diff_options;
char *conflict_style;
int branch_exists;
const char *prefix;
struct pathspec pathspec;
const char *from_treeish;
struct tree *source_tree;
};
struct branch_info {
char *name; /* The short name used */
char *path; /* The full name of a real branch */
struct commit *commit; /* The named commit */
char *refname; /* The full name of the ref being checked out. */
struct object_id oid; /* The object ID of the commit being checked out. */
/*
* if not null the branch is detached because it's already
* checked out in this checkout
*/
char *checkout;
};
static void branch_info_release(struct branch_info *info)
{
free(info->name);
free(info->path);
free(info->refname);
free(info->checkout);
}
static int post_checkout_hook(struct commit *old_commit, struct commit *new_commit,
int changed)
{
return run_hooks_l("post-checkout",
oid_to_hex(old_commit ? &old_commit->object.oid : null_oid()),
oid_to_hex(new_commit ? &new_commit->object.oid : null_oid()),
changed ? "1" : "0", NULL);
/* "new_commit" can be NULL when checking out from the index before
a commit exists. */
}
static int update_some(const struct object_id *oid, struct strbuf *base,
const char *pathname, unsigned mode, void *context)
{
int len;
struct cache_entry *ce;
int pos;
if (S_ISDIR(mode))
return READ_TREE_RECURSIVE;
len = base->len + strlen(pathname);
ce = make_empty_cache_entry(&the_index, len);
oidcpy(&ce->oid, oid);
memcpy(ce->name, base->buf, base->len);
memcpy(ce->name + base->len, pathname, len - base->len);
ce->ce_flags = create_ce_flags(0) | CE_UPDATE;
ce->ce_namelen = len;
ce->ce_mode = create_ce_mode(mode);
/*
* If the entry is the same as the current index, we can leave the old
* entry in place. Whether it is UPTODATE or not, checkout_entry will
* do the right thing.
*/
pos = cache_name_pos(ce->name, ce->ce_namelen);
if (pos >= 0) {
struct cache_entry *old = active_cache[pos];
if (ce->ce_mode == old->ce_mode &&
!ce_intent_to_add(old) &&
oideq(&ce->oid, &old->oid)) {
old->ce_flags |= CE_UPDATE;
discard_cache_entry(ce);
return 0;
}
}
add_cache_entry(ce, ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_ADD | ADD_CACHE_OK_TO_REPLACE);
return 0;
}
static int read_tree_some(struct tree *tree, const struct pathspec *pathspec)
{
read_tree(the_repository, tree,
pathspec, update_some, NULL);
/* update the index with the given tree's info
* for all args, expanding wildcards, and exit
* with any non-zero return code.
*/
return 0;
}
static int skip_same_name(const struct cache_entry *ce, int pos)
{
while (++pos < active_nr &&
!strcmp(active_cache[pos]->name, ce->name))
; /* skip */
return pos;
}
static int check_stage(int stage, const struct cache_entry *ce, int pos,
int overlay_mode)
{
while (pos < active_nr &&
!strcmp(active_cache[pos]->name, ce->name)) {
if (ce_stage(active_cache[pos]) == stage)
return 0;
pos++;
}
if (!overlay_mode)
return 0;
if (stage == 2)
return error(_("path '%s' does not have our version"), ce->name);
else
return error(_("path '%s' does not have their version"), ce->name);
}
static int check_stages(unsigned stages, const struct cache_entry *ce, int pos)
{
unsigned seen = 0;
const char *name = ce->name;
while (pos < active_nr) {
ce = active_cache[pos];
if (strcmp(name, ce->name))
break;
seen |= (1 << ce_stage(ce));
pos++;
}
if ((stages & seen) != stages)
return error(_("path '%s' does not have all necessary versions"),
name);
return 0;
}
static int checkout_stage(int stage, const struct cache_entry *ce, int pos,
const struct checkout *state, int *nr_checkouts,
int overlay_mode)
{
while (pos < active_nr &&
!strcmp(active_cache[pos]->name, ce->name)) {
if (ce_stage(active_cache[pos]) == stage)
return checkout_entry(active_cache[pos], state,
NULL, nr_checkouts);
pos++;
}
if (!overlay_mode) {
unlink_entry(ce);
return 0;
}
if (stage == 2)
return error(_("path '%s' does not have our version"), ce->name);
else
return error(_("path '%s' does not have their version"), ce->name);
}
static int checkout_merged(int pos, const struct checkout *state,
int *nr_checkouts, struct mem_pool *ce_mem_pool)
{
struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos];
const char *path = ce->name;
mmfile_t ancestor, ours, theirs;
enum ll_merge_result merge_status;
int status;
struct object_id oid;
mmbuffer_t result_buf;
struct object_id threeway[3];
unsigned mode = 0;
struct ll_merge_options ll_opts;
int renormalize = 0;
memset(threeway, 0, sizeof(threeway));
while (pos < active_nr) {
int stage;
stage = ce_stage(ce);
if (!stage || strcmp(path, ce->name))
break;
oidcpy(&threeway[stage - 1], &ce->oid);
if (stage == 2)
mode = create_ce_mode(ce->ce_mode);
pos++;
ce = active_cache[pos];
}
if (is_null_oid(&threeway[1]) || is_null_oid(&threeway[2]))
return error(_("path '%s' does not have necessary versions"), path);
read_mmblob(&ancestor, &threeway[0]);
read_mmblob(&ours, &threeway[1]);
read_mmblob(&theirs, &threeway[2]);
memset(&ll_opts, 0, sizeof(ll_opts));
git_config_get_bool("merge.renormalize", &renormalize);
ll_opts.renormalize = renormalize;
merge_status = ll_merge(&result_buf, path, &ancestor, "base",
&ours, "ours", &theirs, "theirs",
state->istate, &ll_opts);
free(ancestor.ptr);
free(ours.ptr);
free(theirs.ptr);
if (merge_status == LL_MERGE_BINARY_CONFLICT)
warning("Cannot merge binary files: %s (%s vs. %s)",
path, "ours", "theirs");
if (merge_status < 0 || !result_buf.ptr) {
free(result_buf.ptr);
return error(_("path '%s': cannot merge"), path);
}
/*
* NEEDSWORK:
* There is absolutely no reason to write this as a blob object
* and create a phony cache entry. This hack is primarily to get
* to the write_entry() machinery that massages the contents to
* work-tree format and writes out which only allows it for a
* cache entry. The code in write_entry() needs to be refactored
* to allow us to feed a <buffer, size, mode> instead of a cache
* entry. Such a refactoring would help merge_recursive as well
* (it also writes the merge result to the object database even
* when it may contain conflicts).
*/
if (write_object_file(result_buf.ptr, result_buf.size, OBJ_BLOB, &oid))
die(_("Unable to add merge result for '%s'"), path);
free(result_buf.ptr);
ce = make_transient_cache_entry(mode, &oid, path, 2, ce_mem_pool);
if (!ce)
die(_("make_cache_entry failed for path '%s'"), path);
status = checkout_entry(ce, state, NULL, nr_checkouts);
return status;
}
static void mark_ce_for_checkout_overlay(struct cache_entry *ce,
char *ps_matched,
const struct checkout_opts *opts)
{
ce->ce_flags &= ~CE_MATCHED;
if (!opts->ignore_skipworktree && ce_skip_worktree(ce))
return;
if (opts->source_tree && !(ce->ce_flags & CE_UPDATE))
/*
* "git checkout tree-ish -- path", but this entry
* is in the original index but is not in tree-ish
* or does not match the pathspec; it will not be
* checked out to the working tree. We will not do
* anything to this entry at all.
*/
return;
/*
* Either this entry came from the tree-ish we are
* checking the paths out of, or we are checking out
* of the index.
*
* If it comes from the tree-ish, we already know it
* matches the pathspec and could just stamp
* CE_MATCHED to it from update_some(). But we still
* need ps_matched and read_tree (and
* eventually tree_entry_interesting) cannot fill
* ps_matched yet. Once it can, we can avoid calling
* match_pathspec() for _all_ entries when
* opts->source_tree != NULL.
*/
if (ce_path_match(&the_index, ce, &opts->pathspec, ps_matched))
ce->ce_flags |= CE_MATCHED;
}
static void mark_ce_for_checkout_no_overlay(struct cache_entry *ce,
char *ps_matched,
const struct checkout_opts *opts)
{
ce->ce_flags &= ~CE_MATCHED;
if (!opts->ignore_skipworktree && ce_skip_worktree(ce))
return;
if (ce_path_match(&the_index, ce, &opts->pathspec, ps_matched)) {
ce->ce_flags |= CE_MATCHED;
if (opts->source_tree && !(ce->ce_flags & CE_UPDATE))
/*
* In overlay mode, but the path is not in
* tree-ish, which means we should remove it
* from the index and the working tree.
*/
ce->ce_flags |= CE_REMOVE | CE_WT_REMOVE;
}
}
static int checkout_worktree(const struct checkout_opts *opts,
const struct branch_info *info)
{
struct checkout state = CHECKOUT_INIT;
int nr_checkouts = 0, nr_unmerged = 0;
int errs = 0;
int pos;
int pc_workers, pc_threshold;
struct mem_pool ce_mem_pool;
state.force = 1;
state.refresh_cache = 1;
state.istate = &the_index;
mem_pool_init(&ce_mem_pool, 0);
get_parallel_checkout_configs(&pc_workers, &pc_threshold);
init_checkout_metadata(&state.meta, info->refname,
info->commit ? &info->commit->object.oid : &info->oid,
NULL);
enable_delayed_checkout(&state);
if (pc_workers > 1)
init_parallel_checkout();
for (pos = 0; pos < active_nr; pos++) {
struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos];
if (ce->ce_flags & CE_MATCHED) {
if (!ce_stage(ce)) {
errs |= checkout_entry(ce, &state,
NULL, &nr_checkouts);
continue;
}
if (opts->writeout_stage)
errs |= checkout_stage(opts->writeout_stage,
ce, pos,
&state,
&nr_checkouts, opts->overlay_mode);
else if (opts->merge)
errs |= checkout_merged(pos, &state,
&nr_unmerged,
&ce_mem_pool);
pos = skip_same_name(ce, pos) - 1;
}
}
if (pc_workers > 1)
errs |= run_parallel_checkout(&state, pc_workers, pc_threshold,
NULL, NULL);
mem_pool_discard(&ce_mem_pool, should_validate_cache_entries());
remove_marked_cache_entries(&the_index, 1);
remove_scheduled_dirs();
errs |= finish_delayed_checkout(&state, &nr_checkouts, opts->show_progress);
if (opts->count_checkout_paths) {
if (nr_unmerged)
fprintf_ln(stderr, Q_("Recreated %d merge conflict",
"Recreated %d merge conflicts",
nr_unmerged),
nr_unmerged);
if (opts->source_tree)
fprintf_ln(stderr, Q_("Updated %d path from %s",
"Updated %d paths from %s",
nr_checkouts),
nr_checkouts,
find_unique_abbrev(&opts->source_tree->object.oid,
DEFAULT_ABBREV));
else if (!nr_unmerged || nr_checkouts)
fprintf_ln(stderr, Q_("Updated %d path from the index",
"Updated %d paths from the index",
nr_checkouts),
nr_checkouts);
}
return errs;
}
static int checkout_paths(const struct checkout_opts *opts,
const struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
int pos;
static char *ps_matched;
struct object_id rev;
struct commit *head;
int errs = 0;
struct lock_file lock_file = LOCK_INIT;
int checkout_index;
trace2_cmd_mode(opts->patch_mode ? "patch" : "path");
if (opts->track != BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with updating paths"), "--track");
if (opts->new_branch_log)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with updating paths"), "-l");
if (opts->ignore_unmerged && opts->patch_mode)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with updating paths"),
opts->ignore_unmerged_opt);
if (opts->force_detach)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with updating paths"), "--detach");
if (opts->merge && opts->patch_mode)
die(_("options '%s' and '%s' cannot be used together"), "--merge", "--patch");
if (opts->ignore_unmerged && opts->merge)
die(_("options '%s' and '%s' cannot be used together"),
opts->ignore_unmerged_opt, "-m");
if (opts->new_branch)
die(_("Cannot update paths and switch to branch '%s' at the same time."),
opts->new_branch);
if (!opts->checkout_worktree && !opts->checkout_index)
die(_("neither '%s' or '%s' is specified"),
"--staged", "--worktree");
if (!opts->checkout_worktree && !opts->from_treeish)
die(_("'%s' must be used when '%s' is not specified"),
"--worktree", "--source");
if (opts->checkout_index && !opts->checkout_worktree &&
opts->writeout_stage)
die(_("'%s' or '%s' cannot be used with %s"),
"--ours", "--theirs", "--staged");
if (opts->checkout_index && !opts->checkout_worktree &&
opts->merge)
die(_("'%s' or '%s' cannot be used with %s"),
"--merge", "--conflict", "--staged");
if (opts->patch_mode) {
const char *patch_mode;
const char *rev = new_branch_info->name;
char rev_oid[GIT_MAX_HEXSZ + 1];
/*
* Since rev can be in the form of `<a>...<b>` (which is not
* recognized by diff-index), we will always replace the name
* with the hex of the commit (whether it's in `...` form or
* not) for the run_add_interactive() machinery to work
* properly. However, there is special logic for the HEAD case
* so we mustn't replace that. Also, when we were given a
* tree-object, new_branch_info->commit would be NULL, but we
* do not have to do any replacement, either.
*/
if (rev && new_branch_info->commit && strcmp(rev, "HEAD"))
rev = oid_to_hex_r(rev_oid, &new_branch_info->commit->object.oid);
if (opts->checkout_index && opts->checkout_worktree)
patch_mode = "--patch=checkout";
else if (opts->checkout_index && !opts->checkout_worktree)
patch_mode = "--patch=reset";
else if (!opts->checkout_index && opts->checkout_worktree)
patch_mode = "--patch=worktree";
else
BUG("either flag must have been set, worktree=%d, index=%d",
opts->checkout_worktree, opts->checkout_index);
return run_add_interactive(rev, patch_mode, &opts->pathspec);
}
repo_hold_locked_index(the_repository, &lock_file, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
if (read_cache_preload(&opts->pathspec) < 0)
return error(_("index file corrupt"));
if (opts->source_tree)
read_tree_some(opts->source_tree, &opts->pathspec);
ps_matched = xcalloc(opts->pathspec.nr, 1);
/*
* Make sure all pathspecs participated in locating the paths
* to be checked out.
*/
for (pos = 0; pos < active_nr; pos++)
if (opts->overlay_mode)
mark_ce_for_checkout_overlay(active_cache[pos],
ps_matched,
opts);
else
mark_ce_for_checkout_no_overlay(active_cache[pos],
ps_matched,
opts);
if (report_path_error(ps_matched, &opts->pathspec)) {
free(ps_matched);
return 1;
}
free(ps_matched);
/* "checkout -m path" to recreate conflicted state */
if (opts->merge)
unmerge_marked_index(&the_index);
/* Any unmerged paths? */
for (pos = 0; pos < active_nr; pos++) {
const struct cache_entry *ce = active_cache[pos];
if (ce->ce_flags & CE_MATCHED) {
if (!ce_stage(ce))
continue;
if (opts->ignore_unmerged) {
if (!opts->quiet)
warning(_("path '%s' is unmerged"), ce->name);
} else if (opts->writeout_stage) {
errs |= check_stage(opts->writeout_stage, ce, pos, opts->overlay_mode);
} else if (opts->merge) {
errs |= check_stages((1<<2) | (1<<3), ce, pos);
} else {
errs = 1;
error(_("path '%s' is unmerged"), ce->name);
}
pos = skip_same_name(ce, pos) - 1;
}
}
if (errs)
return 1;
/* Now we are committed to check them out */
if (opts->checkout_worktree)
errs |= checkout_worktree(opts, new_branch_info);
else
remove_marked_cache_entries(&the_index, 1);
/*
* Allow updating the index when checking out from the index.
* This is to save new stat info.
*/
if (opts->checkout_worktree && !opts->checkout_index && !opts->source_tree)
checkout_index = 1;
else
checkout_index = opts->checkout_index;
if (checkout_index) {
if (write_locked_index(&the_index, &lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
die(_("unable to write new index file"));
} else {
/*
* NEEDSWORK: if --worktree is not specified, we
* should save stat info of checked out files in the
* index to avoid the next (potentially costly)
* refresh. But it's a bit tricker to do...
*/
rollback_lock_file(&lock_file);
}
read_ref_full("HEAD", 0, &rev, NULL);
head = lookup_commit_reference_gently(the_repository, &rev, 1);
errs |= post_checkout_hook(head, head, 0);
return errs;
}
static void show_local_changes(struct object *head,
const struct diff_options *opts)
{
struct rev_info rev;
/* I think we want full paths, even if we're in a subdirectory. */
repo_init_revisions(the_repository, &rev, NULL);
rev.diffopt.flags = opts->flags;
rev.diffopt.output_format |= DIFF_FORMAT_NAME_STATUS;
diff_setup_done(&rev.diffopt);
add_pending_object(&rev, head, NULL);
run_diff_index(&rev, 0);
release_revisions(&rev);
}
static void describe_detached_head(const char *msg, struct commit *commit)
{
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
if (!parse_commit(commit))
pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, &sb);
if (print_sha1_ellipsis()) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s %s... %s\n", msg,
find_unique_abbrev(&commit->object.oid, DEFAULT_ABBREV), sb.buf);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, "%s %s %s\n", msg,
find_unique_abbrev(&commit->object.oid, DEFAULT_ABBREV), sb.buf);
}
strbuf_release(&sb);
}
static int reset_tree(struct tree *tree, const struct checkout_opts *o,
int worktree, int *writeout_error,
struct branch_info *info)
{
struct unpack_trees_options opts;
struct tree_desc tree_desc;
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
opts.head_idx = -1;
opts.update = worktree;
opts.skip_unmerged = !worktree;
opts.reset = o->force ? UNPACK_RESET_OVERWRITE_UNTRACKED :
UNPACK_RESET_PROTECT_UNTRACKED;
opts.preserve_ignored = (!o->force && !o->overwrite_ignore);
opts.merge = 1;
opts.fn = oneway_merge;
opts.verbose_update = o->show_progress;
opts.src_index = &the_index;
opts.dst_index = &the_index;
init_checkout_metadata(&opts.meta, info->refname,
info->commit ? &info->commit->object.oid : null_oid(),
NULL);
parse_tree(tree);
init_tree_desc(&tree_desc, tree->buffer, tree->size);
switch (unpack_trees(1, &tree_desc, &opts)) {
case -2:
*writeout_error = 1;
/*
* We return 0 nevertheless, as the index is all right
* and more importantly we have made best efforts to
* update paths in the work tree, and we cannot revert
* them.
*/
/* fallthrough */
case 0:
return 0;
default:
return 128;
}
}
static void setup_branch_path(struct branch_info *branch)
{
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
/*
* If this is a ref, resolve it; otherwise, look up the OID for our
* expression. Failure here is okay.
*/
if (!dwim_ref(branch->name, strlen(branch->name), &branch->oid, &branch->refname, 0))
repo_get_oid_committish(the_repository, branch->name, &branch->oid);
strbuf_branchname(&buf, branch->name, INTERPRET_BRANCH_LOCAL);
if (strcmp(buf.buf, branch->name)) {
free(branch->name);
branch->name = xstrdup(buf.buf);
}
strbuf_splice(&buf, 0, 0, "refs/heads/", 11);
free(branch->path);
branch->path = strbuf_detach(&buf, NULL);
}
static int merge_working_tree(const struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct branch_info *old_branch_info,
struct branch_info *new_branch_info,
int *writeout_error)
{
int ret;
struct lock_file lock_file = LOCK_INIT;
struct tree *new_tree;
hold_locked_index(&lock_file, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
if (read_cache_preload(NULL) < 0)
return error(_("index file corrupt"));
resolve_undo_clear();
if (opts->new_orphan_branch && opts->orphan_from_empty_tree) {
if (new_branch_info->commit)
BUG("'switch --orphan' should never accept a commit as starting point");
new_tree = parse_tree_indirect(the_hash_algo->empty_tree);
} else
new_tree = get_commit_tree(new_branch_info->commit);
if (opts->discard_changes) {
ret = reset_tree(new_tree, opts, 1, writeout_error, new_branch_info);
if (ret)
return ret;
} else {
struct tree_desc trees[2];
struct tree *tree;
struct unpack_trees_options topts;
const struct object_id *old_commit_oid;
memset(&topts, 0, sizeof(topts));
topts.head_idx = -1;
topts.src_index = &the_index;
topts.dst_index = &the_index;
setup_unpack_trees_porcelain(&topts, "checkout");
refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
if (unmerged_cache()) {
error(_("you need to resolve your current index first"));
return 1;
}
/* 2-way merge to the new branch */
topts.initial_checkout = is_cache_unborn();
topts.update = 1;
topts.merge = 1;
topts.quiet = opts->merge && old_branch_info->commit;
topts.verbose_update = opts->show_progress;
topts.fn = twoway_merge;
init_checkout_metadata(&topts.meta, new_branch_info->refname,
new_branch_info->commit ?
&new_branch_info->commit->object.oid :
&new_branch_info->oid, NULL);
topts.preserve_ignored = !opts->overwrite_ignore;
old_commit_oid = old_branch_info->commit ?
&old_branch_info->commit->object.oid :
the_hash_algo->empty_tree;
tree = parse_tree_indirect(old_commit_oid);
if (!tree)
die(_("unable to parse commit %s"),
oid_to_hex(old_commit_oid));
init_tree_desc(&trees[0], tree->buffer, tree->size);
parse_tree(new_tree);
tree = new_tree;
init_tree_desc(&trees[1], tree->buffer, tree->size);
ret = unpack_trees(2, trees, &topts);
clear_unpack_trees_porcelain(&topts);
if (ret == -1) {
/*
* Unpack couldn't do a trivial merge; either
* give up or do a real merge, depending on
* whether the merge flag was used.
*/
struct tree *work;
struct tree *old_tree;
struct merge_options o;
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
struct strbuf old_commit_shortname = STRBUF_INIT;
if (!opts->merge)
return 1;
/*
* Without old_branch_info->commit, the below is the same as
* the two-tree unpack we already tried and failed.
*/
if (!old_branch_info->commit)
return 1;
old_tree = get_commit_tree(old_branch_info->commit);
if (repo_index_has_changes(the_repository, old_tree, &sb))
die(_("cannot continue with staged changes in "
"the following files:\n%s"), sb.buf);
strbuf_release(&sb);
/* Do more real merge */
/*
* We update the index fully, then write the
* tree from the index, then merge the new
* branch with the current tree, with the old
* branch as the base. Then we reset the index
* (but not the working tree) to the new
* branch, leaving the working tree as the
* merged version, but skipping unmerged
* entries in the index.
*/
add_files_to_cache(NULL, NULL, 0);
init_merge_options(&o, the_repository);
o.verbosity = 0;
work = write_in_core_index_as_tree(the_repository);
ret = reset_tree(new_tree,
opts, 1,
writeout_error, new_branch_info);
if (ret)
return ret;
o.ancestor = old_branch_info->name;
if (old_branch_info->name == NULL) {
strbuf_add_unique_abbrev(&old_commit_shortname,
&old_branch_info->commit->object.oid,
DEFAULT_ABBREV);
o.ancestor = old_commit_shortname.buf;
}
o.branch1 = new_branch_info->name;
o.branch2 = "local";
ret = merge_trees(&o,
new_tree,
work,
old_tree);
if (ret < 0)
exit(128);
ret = reset_tree(new_tree,
opts, 0,
writeout_error, new_branch_info);
strbuf_release(&o.obuf);
strbuf_release(&old_commit_shortname);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
}
if (!cache_tree_fully_valid(active_cache_tree))
cache_tree_update(&the_index, WRITE_TREE_SILENT | WRITE_TREE_REPAIR);
if (write_locked_index(&the_index, &lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
die(_("unable to write new index file"));
if (!opts->discard_changes && !opts->quiet && new_branch_info->commit)
show_local_changes(&new_branch_info->commit->object, &opts->diff_options);
return 0;
}
static void report_tracking(struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
struct branch *branch = branch_get(new_branch_info->name);
if (!format_tracking_info(branch, &sb, AHEAD_BEHIND_FULL))
return;
fputs(sb.buf, stdout);
strbuf_release(&sb);
}
static void update_refs_for_switch(const struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct branch_info *old_branch_info,
struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
struct strbuf msg = STRBUF_INIT;
const char *old_desc, *reflog_msg;
if (opts->new_branch) {
if (opts->new_orphan_branch) {
char *refname;
refname = mkpathdup("refs/heads/%s", opts->new_orphan_branch);
if (opts->new_branch_log &&
!should_autocreate_reflog(refname)) {
int ret;
struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
ret = safe_create_reflog(refname, &err);
if (ret) {
fprintf(stderr, _("Can not do reflog for '%s': %s\n"),
opts->new_orphan_branch, err.buf);
strbuf_release(&err);
free(refname);
return;
}
strbuf_release(&err);
}
free(refname);
}
else
create_branch(the_repository,
opts->new_branch, new_branch_info->name,
opts->new_branch_force ? 1 : 0,
opts->new_branch_force ? 1 : 0,
opts->new_branch_log,
opts->quiet,
opts->track,
0);
free(new_branch_info->name);
free(new_branch_info->refname);
new_branch_info->name = xstrdup(opts->new_branch);
setup_branch_path(new_branch_info);
}
old_desc = old_branch_info->name;
if (!old_desc && old_branch_info->commit)
old_desc = oid_to_hex(&old_branch_info->commit->object.oid);
reflog_msg = getenv("GIT_REFLOG_ACTION");
if (!reflog_msg)
strbuf_addf(&msg, "checkout: moving from %s to %s",
old_desc ? old_desc : "(invalid)", new_branch_info->name);
else
strbuf_insertstr(&msg, 0, reflog_msg);
if (!strcmp(new_branch_info->name, "HEAD") && !new_branch_info->path && !opts->force_detach) {
/* Nothing to do. */
} else if (opts->force_detach || !new_branch_info->path) { /* No longer on any branch. */
update_ref(msg.buf, "HEAD", &new_branch_info->commit->object.oid, NULL,
REF_NO_DEREF, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);
if (!opts->quiet) {
if (old_branch_info->path &&
advice_enabled(ADVICE_DETACHED_HEAD) && !opts->force_detach)
detach_advice(new_branch_info->name);
describe_detached_head(_("HEAD is now at"), new_branch_info->commit);
}
} else if (new_branch_info->path) { /* Switch branches. */
if (create_symref("HEAD", new_branch_info->path, msg.buf) < 0)
die(_("unable to update HEAD"));
if (!opts->quiet) {
if (old_branch_info->path && !strcmp(new_branch_info->path, old_branch_info->path)) {
if (opts->new_branch_force)
fprintf(stderr, _("Reset branch '%s'\n"),
new_branch_info->name);
else
fprintf(stderr, _("Already on '%s'\n"),
new_branch_info->name);
} else if (opts->new_branch) {
if (opts->branch_exists)
fprintf(stderr, _("Switched to and reset branch '%s'\n"), new_branch_info->name);
else
fprintf(stderr, _("Switched to a new branch '%s'\n"), new_branch_info->name);
} else {
fprintf(stderr, _("Switched to branch '%s'\n"),
new_branch_info->name);
}
}
if (old_branch_info->path && old_branch_info->name) {
if (!ref_exists(old_branch_info->path) && reflog_exists(old_branch_info->path))
delete_reflog(old_branch_info->path);
}
}
remove_branch_state(the_repository, !opts->quiet);
strbuf_release(&msg);
if (!opts->quiet &&
(new_branch_info->path || (!opts->force_detach && !strcmp(new_branch_info->name, "HEAD"))))
report_tracking(new_branch_info);
}
static int add_pending_uninteresting_ref(const char *refname,
const struct object_id *oid,
int flags, void *cb_data)
{
add_pending_oid(cb_data, refname, oid, UNINTERESTING);
return 0;
}
static void describe_one_orphan(struct strbuf *sb, struct commit *commit)
{
strbuf_addstr(sb, " ");
strbuf_add_unique_abbrev(sb, &commit->object.oid, DEFAULT_ABBREV);
strbuf_addch(sb, ' ');
if (!parse_commit(commit))
pp_commit_easy(CMIT_FMT_ONELINE, commit, sb);
strbuf_addch(sb, '\n');
}
#define ORPHAN_CUTOFF 4
static void suggest_reattach(struct commit *commit, struct rev_info *revs)
{
struct commit *c, *last = NULL;
struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
int lost = 0;
while ((c = get_revision(revs)) != NULL) {
if (lost < ORPHAN_CUTOFF)
describe_one_orphan(&sb, c);
last = c;
lost++;
}
if (ORPHAN_CUTOFF < lost) {
int more = lost - ORPHAN_CUTOFF;
if (more == 1)
describe_one_orphan(&sb, last);
else
strbuf_addf(&sb, _(" ... and %d more.\n"), more);
}
fprintf(stderr,
Q_(
/* The singular version */
"Warning: you are leaving %d commit behind, "
"not connected to\n"
"any of your branches:\n\n"
"%s\n",
/* The plural version */
"Warning: you are leaving %d commits behind, "
"not connected to\n"
"any of your branches:\n\n"
"%s\n",
/* Give ngettext() the count */
lost),
lost,
sb.buf);
strbuf_release(&sb);
if (advice_enabled(ADVICE_DETACHED_HEAD))
fprintf(stderr,
Q_(
/* The singular version */
"If you want to keep it by creating a new branch, "
"this may be a good time\nto do so with:\n\n"
" git branch <new-branch-name> %s\n\n",
/* The plural version */
"If you want to keep them by creating a new branch, "
"this may be a good time\nto do so with:\n\n"
" git branch <new-branch-name> %s\n\n",
/* Give ngettext() the count */
lost),
find_unique_abbrev(&commit->object.oid, DEFAULT_ABBREV));
}
/*
* We are about to leave commit that was at the tip of a detached
* HEAD. If it is not reachable from any ref, this is the last chance
* for the user to do so without resorting to reflog.
*/
static void orphaned_commit_warning(struct commit *old_commit, struct commit *new_commit)
{
struct rev_info revs;
struct object *object = &old_commit->object;
repo_init_revisions(the_repository, &revs, NULL);
setup_revisions(0, NULL, &revs, NULL);
object->flags &= ~UNINTERESTING;
add_pending_object(&revs, object, oid_to_hex(&object->oid));
for_each_ref(add_pending_uninteresting_ref, &revs);
if (new_commit)
add_pending_oid(&revs, "HEAD",
&new_commit->object.oid,
UNINTERESTING);
if (prepare_revision_walk(&revs))
die(_("internal error in revision walk"));
if (!(old_commit->object.flags & UNINTERESTING))
suggest_reattach(old_commit, &revs);
else
describe_detached_head(_("Previous HEAD position was"), old_commit);
/* Clean up objects used, as they will be reused. */
repo_clear_commit_marks(the_repository, ALL_REV_FLAGS);
release_revisions(&revs);
}
static int switch_branches(const struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
int ret = 0;
struct branch_info old_branch_info = { 0 };
struct object_id rev;
int flag, writeout_error = 0;
int do_merge = 1;
trace2_cmd_mode("branch");
memset(&old_branch_info, 0, sizeof(old_branch_info));
old_branch_info.path = resolve_refdup("HEAD", 0, &rev, &flag);
if (old_branch_info.path)
old_branch_info.commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(the_repository, &rev, 1);
if (!(flag & REF_ISSYMREF))
FREE_AND_NULL(old_branch_info.path);
if (old_branch_info.path) {
const char *const prefix = "refs/heads/";
const char *p;
if (skip_prefix(old_branch_info.path, prefix, &p))
old_branch_info.name = xstrdup(p);
}
if (opts->new_orphan_branch && opts->orphan_from_empty_tree) {
if (new_branch_info->name)
BUG("'switch --orphan' should never accept a commit as starting point");
new_branch_info->commit = NULL;
new_branch_info->name = xstrdup("(empty)");
do_merge = 1;
}
if (!new_branch_info->name) {
new_branch_info->name = xstrdup("HEAD");
new_branch_info->commit = old_branch_info.commit;
if (!new_branch_info->commit)
die(_("You are on a branch yet to be born"));
parse_commit_or_die(new_branch_info->commit);
if (opts->only_merge_on_switching_branches)
do_merge = 0;
}
if (do_merge) {
ret = merge_working_tree(opts, &old_branch_info, new_branch_info, &writeout_error);
if (ret) {
branch_info_release(&old_branch_info);
return ret;
}
}
if (!opts->quiet && !old_branch_info.path && old_branch_info.commit && new_branch_info->commit != old_branch_info.commit)
orphaned_commit_warning(old_branch_info.commit, new_branch_info->commit);
update_refs_for_switch(opts, &old_branch_info, new_branch_info);
ret = post_checkout_hook(old_branch_info.commit, new_branch_info->commit, 1);
branch_info_release(&old_branch_info);
return ret || writeout_error;
}
static int git_checkout_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
{
struct checkout_opts *opts = cb;
if (!strcmp(var, "diff.ignoresubmodules")) {
handle_ignore_submodules_arg(&opts->diff_options, value);
return 0;
}
if (!strcmp(var, "checkout.guess")) {
opts->dwim_new_local_branch = git_config_bool(var, value);
return 0;
}
if (starts_with(var, "submodule."))
return git_default_submodule_config(var, value, NULL);
return git_xmerge_config(var, value, NULL);
}
static void setup_new_branch_info_and_source_tree(
struct branch_info *new_branch_info,
struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct object_id *rev,
const char *arg)
{
struct tree **source_tree = &opts->source_tree;
struct object_id branch_rev;
new_branch_info->name = xstrdup(arg);
setup_branch_path(new_branch_info);
if (!check_refname_format(new_branch_info->path, 0) &&
!read_ref(new_branch_info->path, &branch_rev))
oidcpy(rev, &branch_rev);
else
/* not an existing branch */
FREE_AND_NULL(new_branch_info->path);
new_branch_info->commit = lookup_commit_reference_gently(the_repository, rev, 1);
if (!new_branch_info->commit) {
/* not a commit */
*source_tree = parse_tree_indirect(rev);
} else {
parse_commit_or_die(new_branch_info->commit);
*source_tree = get_commit_tree(new_branch_info->commit);
}
}
static const char *parse_remote_branch(const char *arg,
struct object_id *rev,
int could_be_checkout_paths)
{
int num_matches = 0;
const char *remote = unique_tracking_name(arg, rev, &num_matches);
if (remote && could_be_checkout_paths) {
die(_("'%s' could be both a local file and a tracking branch.\n"
"Please use -- (and optionally --no-guess) to disambiguate"),
arg);
}
if (!remote && num_matches > 1) {
if (advice_enabled(ADVICE_CHECKOUT_AMBIGUOUS_REMOTE_BRANCH_NAME)) {
advise(_("If you meant to check out a remote tracking branch on, e.g. 'origin',\n"
"you can do so by fully qualifying the name with the --track option:\n"
"\n"
" git checkout --track origin/<name>\n"
"\n"
"If you'd like to always have checkouts of an ambiguous <name> prefer\n"
"one remote, e.g. the 'origin' remote, consider setting\n"
"checkout.defaultRemote=origin in your config."));
}
die(_("'%s' matched multiple (%d) remote tracking branches"),
arg, num_matches);
}
return remote;
}
static int parse_branchname_arg(int argc, const char **argv,
int dwim_new_local_branch_ok,
struct branch_info *new_branch_info,
struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct object_id *rev)
{
const char **new_branch = &opts->new_branch;
int argcount = 0;
const char *arg;
int dash_dash_pos;
int has_dash_dash = 0;
int i;
/*
* case 1: git checkout <ref> -- [<paths>]
*
* <ref> must be a valid tree, everything after the '--' must be
* a path.
*
* case 2: git checkout -- [<paths>]
*
* everything after the '--' must be paths.
*
* case 3: git checkout <something> [--]
*
* (a) If <something> is a commit, that is to
* switch to the branch or detach HEAD at it. As a special case,
* if <something> is A...B (missing A or B means HEAD but you can
* omit at most one side), and if there is a unique merge base
* between A and B, A...B names that merge base.
*
* (b) If <something> is _not_ a commit, either "--" is present
* or <something> is not a path, no -t or -b was given, and
* and there is a tracking branch whose name is <something>
* in one and only one remote (or if the branch exists on the
* remote named in checkout.defaultRemote), then this is a
* short-hand to fork local <something> from that
* remote-tracking branch.
*
* (c) Otherwise, if "--" is present, treat it like case (1).
*
* (d) Otherwise :
* - if it's a reference, treat it like case (1)
* - else if it's a path, treat it like case (2)
* - else: fail.
*
* case 4: git checkout <something> <paths>
*
* The first argument must not be ambiguous.
* - If it's *only* a reference, treat it like case (1).
* - If it's only a path, treat it like case (2).
* - else: fail.
*
*/
if (!argc)
return 0;
if (!opts->accept_pathspec) {
if (argc > 1)
die(_("only one reference expected"));
has_dash_dash = 1; /* helps disambiguate */
}
arg = argv[0];
dash_dash_pos = -1;
for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
if (opts->accept_pathspec && !strcmp(argv[i], "--")) {
dash_dash_pos = i;
break;
}
}
if (dash_dash_pos == 0)
return 1; /* case (2) */
else if (dash_dash_pos == 1)
has_dash_dash = 1; /* case (3) or (1) */
else if (dash_dash_pos >= 2)
die(_("only one reference expected, %d given."), dash_dash_pos);
opts->count_checkout_paths = !opts->quiet && !has_dash_dash;
if (!strcmp(arg, "-"))
arg = "@{-1}";
if (get_oid_mb(arg, rev)) {
/*
* Either case (3) or (4), with <something> not being
* a commit, or an attempt to use case (1) with an
* invalid ref.
*
* It's likely an error, but we need to find out if
* we should auto-create the branch, case (3).(b).
*/
int recover_with_dwim = dwim_new_local_branch_ok;
int could_be_checkout_paths = !has_dash_dash &&
check_filename(opts->prefix, arg);
if (!has_dash_dash && !no_wildcard(arg))
recover_with_dwim = 0;
/*
* Accept "git checkout foo", "git checkout foo --"
* and "git switch foo" as candidates for dwim.
*/
if (!(argc == 1 && !has_dash_dash) &&
!(argc == 2 && has_dash_dash) &&
opts->accept_pathspec)
recover_with_dwim = 0;
if (recover_with_dwim) {
const char *remote = parse_remote_branch(arg, rev,
could_be_checkout_paths);
if (remote) {
*new_branch = arg;
arg = remote;
/* DWIMmed to create local branch, case (3).(b) */
} else {
recover_with_dwim = 0;
}
}
if (!recover_with_dwim) {
if (has_dash_dash)
die(_("invalid reference: %s"), arg);
return argcount;
}
}
/* we can't end up being in (2) anymore, eat the argument */
argcount++;
argv++;
argc--;
setup_new_branch_info_and_source_tree(new_branch_info, opts, rev, arg);
if (!opts->source_tree) /* case (1): want a tree */
die(_("reference is not a tree: %s"), arg);
if (!has_dash_dash) { /* case (3).(d) -> (1) */
/*
* Do not complain the most common case
* git checkout branch
* even if there happen to be a file called 'branch';
* it would be extremely annoying.
*/
if (argc)
verify_non_filename(opts->prefix, arg);
} else if (opts->accept_pathspec) {
argcount++;
argv++;
argc--;
}
return argcount;
}
static int switch_unborn_to_new_branch(const struct checkout_opts *opts)
{
int status;
struct strbuf branch_ref = STRBUF_INIT;
trace2_cmd_mode("unborn");
if (!opts->new_branch)
die(_("You are on a branch yet to be born"));
strbuf_addf(&branch_ref, "refs/heads/%s", opts->new_branch);
status = create_symref("HEAD", branch_ref.buf, "checkout -b");
strbuf_release(&branch_ref);
if (!opts->quiet)
fprintf(stderr, _("Switched to a new branch '%s'\n"),
opts->new_branch);
return status;
}
static void die_expecting_a_branch(const struct branch_info *branch_info)
{
struct object_id oid;
char *to_free;
int code;
if (dwim_ref(branch_info->name, strlen(branch_info->name), &oid, &to_free, 0) == 1) {
const char *ref = to_free;
if (skip_prefix(ref, "refs/tags/", &ref))
code = die_message(_("a branch is expected, got tag '%s'"), ref);
else if (skip_prefix(ref, "refs/remotes/", &ref))
code = die_message(_("a branch is expected, got remote branch '%s'"), ref);
else
code = die_message(_("a branch is expected, got '%s'"), ref);
}
else if (branch_info->commit)
code = die_message(_("a branch is expected, got commit '%s'"), branch_info->name);
else
/*
* This case should never happen because we already die() on
* non-commit, but just in case.
*/
code = die_message(_("a branch is expected, got '%s'"), branch_info->name);
if (advice_enabled(ADVICE_SUGGEST_DETACHING_HEAD))
advise(_("If you want to detach HEAD at the commit, try again with the --detach option."));
exit(code);
}
static void die_if_some_operation_in_progress(void)
{
struct wt_status_state state;
memset(&state, 0, sizeof(state));
wt_status_get_state(the_repository, &state, 0);
if (state.merge_in_progress)
die(_("cannot switch branch while merging\n"
"Consider \"git merge --quit\" "
"or \"git worktree add\"."));
if (state.am_in_progress)
die(_("cannot switch branch in the middle of an am session\n"
"Consider \"git am --quit\" "
"or \"git worktree add\"."));
if (state.rebase_interactive_in_progress || state.rebase_in_progress)
die(_("cannot switch branch while rebasing\n"
"Consider \"git rebase --quit\" "
"or \"git worktree add\"."));
if (state.cherry_pick_in_progress)
die(_("cannot switch branch while cherry-picking\n"
"Consider \"git cherry-pick --quit\" "
"or \"git worktree add\"."));
if (state.revert_in_progress)
die(_("cannot switch branch while reverting\n"
"Consider \"git revert --quit\" "
"or \"git worktree add\"."));
if (state.bisect_in_progress)
warning(_("you are switching branch while bisecting"));
}
static int checkout_branch(struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
if (opts->pathspec.nr)
die(_("paths cannot be used with switching branches"));
if (opts->patch_mode)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with switching branches"),
"--patch");
if (opts->overlay_mode != -1)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with switching branches"),
"--[no]-overlay");
if (opts->writeout_stage)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with switching branches"),
"--ours/--theirs");
if (opts->force && opts->merge)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with '%s'"), "-f", "-m");
if (opts->discard_changes && opts->merge)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with '%s'"), "--discard-changes", "--merge");
if (opts->force_detach && opts->new_branch)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with '%s'"),
"--detach", "-b/-B/--orphan");
if (opts->new_orphan_branch) {
if (opts->track != BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with '%s'"), "--orphan", "-t");
if (opts->orphan_from_empty_tree && new_branch_info->name)
die(_("'%s' cannot take <start-point>"), "--orphan");
} else if (opts->force_detach) {
if (opts->track != BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED)
die(_("'%s' cannot be used with '%s'"), "--detach", "-t");
} else if (opts->track == BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED)
opts->track = git_branch_track;
if (new_branch_info->name && !new_branch_info->commit)
die(_("Cannot switch branch to a non-commit '%s'"),
new_branch_info->name);
if (!opts->switch_branch_doing_nothing_is_ok &&
!new_branch_info->name &&
!opts->new_branch &&
!opts->force_detach)
die(_("missing branch or commit argument"));
if (!opts->implicit_detach &&
!opts->force_detach &&
!opts->new_branch &&
!opts->new_branch_force &&
new_branch_info->name &&
!new_branch_info->path)
die_expecting_a_branch(new_branch_info);
if (!opts->can_switch_when_in_progress)
die_if_some_operation_in_progress();
if (new_branch_info->path && !opts->force_detach && !opts->new_branch &&
!opts->ignore_other_worktrees) {
int flag;
char *head_ref = resolve_refdup("HEAD", 0, NULL, &flag);
if (head_ref &&
(!(flag & REF_ISSYMREF) || strcmp(head_ref, new_branch_info->path)))
die_if_checked_out(new_branch_info->path, 1);
free(head_ref);
}
if (!new_branch_info->commit && opts->new_branch) {
struct object_id rev;
int flag;
if (!read_ref_full("HEAD", 0, &rev, &flag) &&
(flag & REF_ISSYMREF) && is_null_oid(&rev))
return switch_unborn_to_new_branch(opts);
}
return switch_branches(opts, new_branch_info);
}
static struct option *add_common_options(struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct option *prevopts)
{
struct option options[] = {
OPT__QUIET(&opts->quiet, N_("suppress progress reporting")),
OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "recurse-submodules", NULL,
"checkout", "control recursive updating of submodules",
PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, option_parse_recurse_submodules_worktree_updater),
OPT_BOOL(0, "progress", &opts->show_progress, N_("force progress reporting")),
OPT_BOOL('m', "merge", &opts->merge, N_("perform a 3-way merge with the new branch")),
OPT_STRING(0, "conflict", &opts->conflict_style, N_("style"),
N_("conflict style (merge, diff3, or zdiff3)")),
OPT_END()
};
struct option *newopts = parse_options_concat(prevopts, options);
free(prevopts);
return newopts;
}
static struct option *add_common_switch_branch_options(
struct checkout_opts *opts, struct option *prevopts)
{
struct option options[] = {
OPT_BOOL('d', "detach", &opts->force_detach, N_("detach HEAD at named commit")),
OPT_CALLBACK_F('t', "track", &opts->track, "(direct|inherit)",
N_("set branch tracking configuration"),
PARSE_OPT_OPTARG,
parse_opt_tracking_mode),
OPT__FORCE(&opts->force, N_("force checkout (throw away local modifications)"),
PARSE_OPT_NOCOMPLETE),
OPT_STRING(0, "orphan", &opts->new_orphan_branch, N_("new-branch"), N_("new unparented branch")),
OPT_BOOL_F(0, "overwrite-ignore", &opts->overwrite_ignore,
N_("update ignored files (default)"),
PARSE_OPT_NOCOMPLETE),
OPT_BOOL(0, "ignore-other-worktrees", &opts->ignore_other_worktrees,
N_("do not check if another worktree is holding the given ref")),
OPT_END()
};
struct option *newopts = parse_options_concat(prevopts, options);
free(prevopts);
return newopts;
}
static struct option *add_checkout_path_options(struct checkout_opts *opts,
struct option *prevopts)
{
struct option options[] = {
OPT_SET_INT_F('2', "ours", &opts->writeout_stage,
N_("checkout our version for unmerged files"),
2, PARSE_OPT_NONEG),
OPT_SET_INT_F('3', "theirs", &opts->writeout_stage,
N_("checkout their version for unmerged files"),
3, PARSE_OPT_NONEG),
OPT_BOOL('p', "patch", &opts->patch_mode, N_("select hunks interactively")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "ignore-skip-worktree-bits", &opts->ignore_skipworktree,
N_("do not limit pathspecs to sparse entries only")),
OPT_PATHSPEC_FROM_FILE(&opts->pathspec_from_file),
OPT_PATHSPEC_FILE_NUL(&opts->pathspec_file_nul),
OPT_END()
};
struct option *newopts = parse_options_concat(prevopts, options);
free(prevopts);
return newopts;
}
/* create-branch option (either b or c) */
static char cb_option = 'b';
static int checkout_main(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix,
struct checkout_opts *opts, struct option *options,
const char * const usagestr[],
struct branch_info *new_branch_info)
{
int parseopt_flags = 0;
opts->overwrite_ignore = 1;
opts->prefix = prefix;
opts->show_progress = -1;
git_config(git_checkout_config, opts);
if (the_repository->gitdir) {
prepare_repo_settings(the_repository);
the_repository->settings.command_requires_full_index = 0;
}
opts->track = BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED;
if (!opts->accept_pathspec && !opts->accept_ref)
BUG("make up your mind, you need to take _something_");
if (opts->accept_pathspec && opts->accept_ref)
parseopt_flags = PARSE_OPT_KEEP_DASHDASH;
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options,
usagestr, parseopt_flags);
if (opts->show_progress < 0) {
if (opts->quiet)
opts->show_progress = 0;
else
opts->show_progress = isatty(2);
}
if (opts->conflict_style) {
opts->merge = 1; /* implied */
git_xmerge_config("merge.conflictstyle", opts->conflict_style, NULL);
}
if (opts->force) {
opts->discard_changes = 1;
opts->ignore_unmerged_opt = "--force";
opts->ignore_unmerged = 1;
}
if ((!!opts->new_branch + !!opts->new_branch_force + !!opts->new_orphan_branch) > 1)
die(_("options '-%c', '-%c', and '%s' cannot be used together"),
cb_option, toupper(cb_option), "--orphan");
if (opts->overlay_mode == 1 && opts->patch_mode)
die(_("options '%s' and '%s' cannot be used together"), "-p", "--overlay");
if (opts->checkout_index >= 0 || opts->checkout_worktree >= 0) {
if (opts->checkout_index < 0)
opts->checkout_index = 0;
if (opts->checkout_worktree < 0)
opts->checkout_worktree = 0;
} else {
if (opts->checkout_index < 0)
opts->checkout_index = -opts->checkout_index - 1;
if (opts->checkout_worktree < 0)
opts->checkout_worktree = -opts->checkout_worktree - 1;
}
if (opts->checkout_index < 0 || opts->checkout_worktree < 0)
BUG("these flags should be non-negative by now");
/*
* convenient shortcut: "git restore --staged [--worktree]" equals
* "git restore --staged [--worktree] --source HEAD"
*/
if (!opts->from_treeish && opts->checkout_index)
opts->from_treeish = "HEAD";
/*
* From here on, new_branch will contain the branch to be checked out,
* and new_branch_force and new_orphan_branch will tell us which one of
* -b/-B/-c/-C/--orphan is being used.
*/
if (opts->new_branch_force)
opts->new_branch = opts->new_branch_force;
if (opts->new_orphan_branch)
opts->new_branch = opts->new_orphan_branch;
/* --track without -c/-C/-b/-B/--orphan should DWIM */
if (opts->track != BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED && !opts->new_branch) {
const char *argv0 = argv[0];
if (!argc || !strcmp(argv0, "--"))
die(_("--track needs a branch name"));
skip_prefix(argv0, "refs/", &argv0);
skip_prefix(argv0, "remotes/", &argv0);
argv0 = strchr(argv0, '/');
if (!argv0 || !argv0[1])
die(_("missing branch name; try -%c"), cb_option);
opts->new_branch = argv0 + 1;
}
/*
* Extract branch name from command line arguments, so
* all that is left is pathspecs.
*
* Handle
*
* 1) git checkout <tree> -- [<paths>]
* 2) git checkout -- [<paths>]
* 3) git checkout <something> [<paths>]
*
* including "last branch" syntax and DWIM-ery for names of
* remote branches, erroring out for invalid or ambiguous cases.
*/
if (argc && opts->accept_ref) {
struct object_id rev;
int dwim_ok =
!opts->patch_mode &&
opts->dwim_new_local_branch &&
opts->track == BRANCH_TRACK_UNSPECIFIED &&
!opts->new_branch;
int n = parse_branchname_arg(argc, argv, dwim_ok,
new_branch_info, opts, &rev);
argv += n;
argc -= n;
} else if (!opts->accept_ref && opts->from_treeish) {
struct object_id rev;
if (get_oid_mb(opts->from_treeish, &rev))
die(_("could not resolve %s"), opts->from_treeish);
setup_new_branch_info_and_source_tree(new_branch_info,
opts, &rev,
opts->from_treeish);
if (!opts->source_tree)
die(_("reference is not a tree: %s"), opts->from_treeish);
}
if (argc) {
parse_pathspec(&opts->pathspec, 0,
opts->patch_mode ? PATHSPEC_PREFIX_ORIGIN : 0,
prefix, argv);
if (!opts->pathspec.nr)
die(_("invalid path specification"));
/*
* Try to give more helpful suggestion.
* new_branch && argc > 1 will be caught later.
*/
if (opts->new_branch && argc == 1 && !new_branch_info->commit)
die(_("'%s' is not a commit and a branch '%s' cannot be created from it"),
argv[0], opts->new_branch);
if (opts->force_detach)
die(_("git checkout: --detach does not take a path argument '%s'"),
argv[0]);
}
if (opts->pathspec_from_file) {
if (opts->pathspec.nr)
die(_("'%s' and pathspec arguments cannot be used together"), "--pathspec-from-file");
if (opts->force_detach)
die(_("options '%s' and '%s' cannot be used together"), "--pathspec-from-file", "--detach");
if (opts->patch_mode)
die(_("options '%s' and '%s' cannot be used together"), "--pathspec-from-file", "--patch");
parse_pathspec_file(&opts->pathspec, 0,
0,
prefix, opts->pathspec_from_file, opts->pathspec_file_nul);
} else if (opts->pathspec_file_nul) {
die(_("the option '%s' requires '%s'"), "--pathspec-file-nul", "--pathspec-from-file");
}
opts->pathspec.recursive = 1;
if (opts->pathspec.nr) {
if (1 < !!opts->writeout_stage + !!opts->force + !!opts->merge)
die(_("git checkout: --ours/--theirs, --force and --merge are incompatible when\n"
"checking out of the index."));
} else {
if (opts->accept_pathspec && !opts->empty_pathspec_ok &&
!opts->patch_mode) /* patch mode is special */
die(_("you must specify path(s) to restore"));
}
if (opts->new_branch) {
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
if (opts->new_branch_force)
opts->branch_exists = validate_branchname(opts->new_branch, &buf);
else
opts->branch_exists =
validate_new_branchname(opts->new_branch, &buf, 0);
strbuf_release(&buf);
}
if (opts->patch_mode || opts->pathspec.nr)
return checkout_paths(opts, new_branch_info);
else
return checkout_branch(opts, new_branch_info);
}
int cmd_checkout(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
struct checkout_opts opts;
struct option *options;
struct option checkout_options[] = {
OPT_STRING('b', NULL, &opts.new_branch, N_("branch"),
N_("create and checkout a new branch")),
OPT_STRING('B', NULL, &opts.new_branch_force, N_("branch"),
N_("create/reset and checkout a branch")),
OPT_BOOL('l', NULL, &opts.new_branch_log, N_("create reflog for new branch")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "guess", &opts.dwim_new_local_branch,
N_("second guess 'git checkout <no-such-branch>' (default)")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "overlay", &opts.overlay_mode, N_("use overlay mode (default)")),
OPT_END()
};
int ret;
struct branch_info new_branch_info = { 0 };
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
opts.dwim_new_local_branch = 1;
opts.switch_branch_doing_nothing_is_ok = 1;
opts.only_merge_on_switching_branches = 0;
opts.accept_ref = 1;
opts.accept_pathspec = 1;
opts.implicit_detach = 1;
opts.can_switch_when_in_progress = 1;
opts.orphan_from_empty_tree = 0;
opts.empty_pathspec_ok = 1;
opts.overlay_mode = -1;
opts.checkout_index = -2; /* default on */
opts.checkout_worktree = -2; /* default on */
if (argc == 3 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-b")) {
/*
* User ran 'git checkout -b <branch>' and expects
* the same behavior as 'git switch -c <branch>'.
*/
opts.switch_branch_doing_nothing_is_ok = 0;
opts.only_merge_on_switching_branches = 1;
}
options = parse_options_dup(checkout_options);
options = add_common_options(&opts, options);
options = add_common_switch_branch_options(&opts, options);
options = add_checkout_path_options(&opts, options);
ret = checkout_main(argc, argv, prefix, &opts,
options, checkout_usage, &new_branch_info);
branch_info_release(&new_branch_info);
clear_pathspec(&opts.pathspec);
FREE_AND_NULL(options);
return ret;
}
int cmd_switch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
struct checkout_opts opts;
struct option *options = NULL;
struct option switch_options[] = {
OPT_STRING('c', "create", &opts.new_branch, N_("branch"),
N_("create and switch to a new branch")),
OPT_STRING('C', "force-create", &opts.new_branch_force, N_("branch"),
N_("create/reset and switch to a branch")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "guess", &opts.dwim_new_local_branch,
N_("second guess 'git switch <no-such-branch>'")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "discard-changes", &opts.discard_changes,
N_("throw away local modifications")),
OPT_END()
};
int ret;
struct branch_info new_branch_info = { 0 };
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
opts.dwim_new_local_branch = 1;
opts.accept_ref = 1;
opts.accept_pathspec = 0;
opts.switch_branch_doing_nothing_is_ok = 0;
opts.only_merge_on_switching_branches = 1;
opts.implicit_detach = 0;
opts.can_switch_when_in_progress = 0;
opts.orphan_from_empty_tree = 1;
opts.overlay_mode = -1;
options = parse_options_dup(switch_options);
options = add_common_options(&opts, options);
options = add_common_switch_branch_options(&opts, options);
cb_option = 'c';
ret = checkout_main(argc, argv, prefix, &opts,
options, switch_branch_usage, &new_branch_info);
branch_info_release(&new_branch_info);
FREE_AND_NULL(options);
return ret;
}
int cmd_restore(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
struct checkout_opts opts;
struct option *options;
struct option restore_options[] = {
OPT_STRING('s', "source", &opts.from_treeish, "<tree-ish>",
N_("which tree-ish to checkout from")),
OPT_BOOL('S', "staged", &opts.checkout_index,
N_("restore the index")),
OPT_BOOL('W', "worktree", &opts.checkout_worktree,
N_("restore the working tree (default)")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "ignore-unmerged", &opts.ignore_unmerged,
N_("ignore unmerged entries")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "overlay", &opts.overlay_mode, N_("use overlay mode")),
OPT_END()
};
int ret;
struct branch_info new_branch_info = { 0 };
memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
opts.accept_ref = 0;
opts.accept_pathspec = 1;
opts.empty_pathspec_ok = 0;
opts.overlay_mode = 0;
opts.checkout_index = -1; /* default off */
opts.checkout_worktree = -2; /* default on */
opts.ignore_unmerged_opt = "--ignore-unmerged";
options = parse_options_dup(restore_options);
options = add_common_options(&opts, options);
options = add_checkout_path_options(&opts, options);
ret = checkout_main(argc, argv, prefix, &opts,
options, restore_usage, &new_branch_info);
branch_info_release(&new_branch_info);
FREE_AND_NULL(options);
return ret;
}