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#ifndef TEMPFILE_H
#define TEMPFILE_H
#include "list.h"
#include "strbuf.h"
/*
* Handle temporary files.
*
* The tempfile API allows temporary files to be created, deleted, and
* atomically renamed. Temporary files that are still active when the
* program ends are cleaned up automatically. Lockfiles (see
* "lockfile.h") are built on top of this API.
*
*
* Calling sequence
* ----------------
*
* The caller:
*
* * Attempts to create a temporary file by calling
* `create_tempfile()`. The resources used for the temporary file are
* managed by the tempfile API.
*
* * Writes new content to the file by either:
*
* * writing to the `tempfile->fd` file descriptor
*
* * calling `fdopen_tempfile()` to get a `FILE` pointer for the
* open file and writing to the file using stdio.
*
* Note that the file descriptor created by create_tempfile()
* is marked O_CLOEXEC, so the new contents must be written by
* the current process, not any spawned one.
*
* When finished writing, the caller can:
*
* * Close the file descriptor and remove the temporary file by
* calling `delete_tempfile()`.
*
* * Close the temporary file and rename it atomically to a specified
* filename by calling `rename_tempfile()`. This relinquishes
* control of the file.
*
* * Close the file descriptor without removing or renaming the
* temporary file by calling `close_tempfile_gently()`, and later call
* `delete_tempfile()` or `rename_tempfile()`.
*
* After the temporary file is renamed or deleted, the `tempfile`
* object is no longer valid and should not be reused.
*
* If the program exits before `rename_tempfile()` or
* `delete_tempfile()` is called, an `atexit(3)` handler will close
* and remove the temporary file.
*
* If you need to close the file descriptor yourself, do so by calling
* `close_tempfile_gently()`. You should never call `close(2)` or `fclose(3)`
* yourself, otherwise the `struct tempfile` structure would still
* think that the file descriptor needs to be closed, and a later
* cleanup would result in duplicate calls to `close(2)`. Worse yet,
* if you close and then later open another file descriptor for a
* completely different purpose, then the unrelated file descriptor
* might get closed.
*
*
* Error handling
* --------------
*
* `create_tempfile()` returns an allocated tempfile on success or NULL
* on failure. On errors, `errno` describes the reason for failure.
*
* `rename_tempfile()` and `close_tempfile_gently()` return 0 on success.
* On failure they set `errno` appropriately and return -1.
* `delete_tempfile()` and `rename` (but not `close`) do their best to
* delete the temporary file before returning.
*/
struct tempfile {
volatile struct volatile_list_head list;
volatile sig_atomic_t active;
volatile int fd;
FILE *volatile fp;
volatile pid_t owner;
struct strbuf filename;
size_t directorylen;
};
/*
* Attempt to create a temporary file at the specified `path`. Return
* a tempfile (whose "fd" member can be used for writing to it), or
* NULL on error. It is an error if a file already exists at that path.
* Note that `mode` will be further modified by the umask, and possibly
* `core.sharedRepository`, so it is not guaranteed to have the given
* mode.
*/
struct tempfile *create_tempfile_mode(const char *path, int mode);
static inline struct tempfile *create_tempfile(const char *path)
{
return create_tempfile_mode(path, 0666);
}
/*
* Register an existing file as a tempfile, meaning that it will be
* deleted when the program exits. The tempfile is considered closed,
* but it can be worked with like any other closed tempfile (for
* example, it can be opened using reopen_tempfile()).
*/
struct tempfile *register_tempfile(const char *path);
/*
* mks_tempfile functions
*
* The following functions attempt to create and open temporary files
* with names derived automatically from a template, in the manner of
* mkstemps(), and arrange for them to be deleted if the program ends
* before they are deleted explicitly. There is a whole family of such
* functions, named according to the following pattern:
*
* x?mks_tempfile_t?s?m?()
*
* The optional letters have the following meanings:
*
* x - die if the temporary file cannot be created.
*
* t - create the temporary file under $TMPDIR (as opposed to
* relative to the current directory). When these variants are
* used, template should be the pattern for the filename alone,
* without a path.
*
* s - template includes a suffix that is suffixlen characters long.
*
* m - the temporary file should be created with the specified mode
* (otherwise, the mode is set to 0600).
*
* None of these functions modify template. If the caller wants to
* know the (absolute) path of the file that was created, it can be
* read from tempfile->filename.
*
* On success, the functions return a tempfile whose "fd" member is open
* for writing the temporary file. On errors, they return NULL and set
* errno appropriately (except for the "x" variants, which die() on
* errors).
*/
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_sm(const char *filename_template,
int suffixlen, int mode);
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_s(const char *filename_template,
int suffixlen)
{
return mks_tempfile_sm(filename_template, suffixlen, 0600);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_m(const char *filename_template, int mode)
{
return mks_tempfile_sm(filename_template, 0, mode);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile(const char *filename_template)
{
return mks_tempfile_sm(filename_template, 0, 0600);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_tsm(const char *filename_template,
int suffixlen, int mode);
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_ts(const char *filename_template,
int suffixlen)
{
return mks_tempfile_tsm(filename_template, suffixlen, 0600);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_tm(const char *filename_template, int mode)
{
return mks_tempfile_tsm(filename_template, 0, mode);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_t(const char *filename_template)
{
return mks_tempfile_tsm(filename_template, 0, 0600);
}
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
struct tempfile *xmks_tempfile_m(const char *filename_template, int mode);
/* See "mks_tempfile functions" above. */
static inline struct tempfile *xmks_tempfile(const char *filename_template)
{
return xmks_tempfile_m(filename_template, 0600);
}
/*
* Attempt to create a temporary directory in $TMPDIR and to create and
* open a file in that new directory. Derive the directory name from the
* template in the manner of mkdtemp(). Arrange for directory and file
* to be deleted if the program exits before they are deleted
* explicitly. On success return a tempfile whose "filename" member
* contains the full path of the file and its "fd" member is open for
* writing the file. On error return NULL and set errno appropriately.
*/
struct tempfile *mks_tempfile_dt(const char *directory_template,
const char *filename);
/*
* Associate a stdio stream with the temporary file (which must still
* be open). Return `NULL` (*without* deleting the file) on error. The
* stream is closed automatically when `close_tempfile_gently()` is called or
* when the file is deleted or renamed.
*/
FILE *fdopen_tempfile(struct tempfile *tempfile, const char *mode);
static inline int is_tempfile_active(struct tempfile *tempfile)
{
return tempfile && tempfile->active;
}
/*
* Return the path of the lockfile. The return value is a pointer to a
* field within the lock_file object and should not be freed.
*/
const char *get_tempfile_path(struct tempfile *tempfile);
int get_tempfile_fd(struct tempfile *tempfile);
FILE *get_tempfile_fp(struct tempfile *tempfile);
/*
* If the temporary file is still open, close it (and the file pointer
* too, if it has been opened using `fdopen_tempfile()`) without
* deleting the file. Return 0 upon success. On failure to `close(2)`,
* return a negative value. Usually `delete_tempfile()` or `rename_tempfile()`
* should eventually be called regardless of whether `close_tempfile_gently()`
* succeeds.
*/
int close_tempfile_gently(struct tempfile *tempfile);
/*
* Re-open a temporary file that has been closed using
* `close_tempfile_gently()` but not yet deleted or renamed. This can be used
* to implement a sequence of operations like the following:
*
* * Create temporary file.
*
* * Write new contents to file, then `close_tempfile_gently()` to cause the
* contents to be written to disk.
*
* * Pass the name of the temporary file to another program to allow
* it (and nobody else) to inspect or even modify the file's
* contents.
*
* * `reopen_tempfile()` to reopen the temporary file, truncating the existing
* contents. Write out the new contents.
*
* * `rename_tempfile()` to move the file to its permanent location.
*/
int reopen_tempfile(struct tempfile *tempfile);
/*
* Close the file descriptor and/or file pointer and remove the
* temporary file associated with `tempfile`. It is a NOOP to call
* `delete_tempfile()` for a `tempfile` object that has already been
* deleted or renamed.
*/
void delete_tempfile(struct tempfile **tempfile_p);
/*
* Close the file descriptor and/or file pointer if they are still
* open, and atomically rename the temporary file to `path`. `path`
* must be on the same filesystem as the lock file. Return 0 on
* success. On failure, delete the temporary file and return -1, with
* `errno` set to the value from the failing call to `close(2)` or
* `rename(2)`. It is a bug to call `rename_tempfile()` for a
* `tempfile` object that is not currently active.
*/
int rename_tempfile(struct tempfile **tempfile_p, const char *path);
#endif /* TEMPFILE_H */