634 lines
17 KiB

#include <stdint.h>
#include <wchar.h>
typedef _sigset_t sigset_t;
#include <winsock2.h>
#include <ws2tcpip.h>
/* MinGW-w64 reports to have flockfile, but it does not actually have it. */
struct config_context;
int mingw_core_config(const char *var, const char *value,
const struct config_context *ctx, void *cb);
#define platform_core_config mingw_core_config
* things that are not available in header files
typedef int uid_t;
typedef int socklen_t;
typedef int pid_t;
#define hstrerror strerror
#define S_IFLNK 0120000 /* Symbolic link */
#define S_ISLNK(x) (((x) & S_IFMT) == S_IFLNK)
#define S_ISSOCK(x) 0
#ifndef S_IRWXG
#define S_IRGRP 0
#define S_IWGRP 0
#define S_IXGRP 0
#ifndef S_IRWXO
#define S_IROTH 0
#define S_IWOTH 0
#define S_IXOTH 0
#define S_ISUID 0004000
#define S_ISGID 0002000
#define S_ISVTX 0001000
#define WIFEXITED(x) 1
#define WIFSIGNALED(x) 0
#define WEXITSTATUS(x) ((x) & 0xff)
#ifndef ELOOP
#define SIGHUP 1
#define SIGQUIT 3
#define SIGKILL 9
#define SIGPIPE 13
#define SIGALRM 14
#define SIGCHLD 17
#define F_GETFD 1
#define F_SETFD 2
#define FD_CLOEXEC 0x1
#if !defined O_CLOEXEC && defined O_NOINHERIT
#ifndef ENOTSOCK
struct passwd {
char *pw_name;
char *pw_gecos;
char *pw_dir;
typedef void (__cdecl *sig_handler_t)(int);
struct sigaction {
sig_handler_t sa_handler;
unsigned sa_flags;
#define SA_RESTART 0
struct itimerval {
struct timeval it_value, it_interval;
#define ITIMER_REAL 0
struct utsname {
char sysname[16];
char nodename[1];
char release[16];
char version[16];
char machine[1];
* sanitize preprocessor namespace polluted by Windows headers defining
* macros which collide with git local versions
#undef HELP_COMMAND /* from winuser.h */
* trivial stubs
static inline int readlink(const char *path, char *buf, size_t bufsiz)
{ errno = ENOSYS; return -1; }
static inline int symlink(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath)
{ errno = ENOSYS; return -1; }
static inline int fchmod(int fildes, mode_t mode)
{ errno = ENOSYS; return -1; }
static inline pid_t fork(void)
{ errno = ENOSYS; return -1; }
static inline unsigned int alarm(unsigned int seconds)
{ return 0; }
static inline int fsync(int fd)
{ return _commit(fd); }
static inline void sync(void)
static inline uid_t getuid(void)
{ return 1; }
static inline struct passwd *getpwnam(const char *name)
{ return NULL; }
static inline int fcntl(int fd, int cmd, ...)
if (cmd == F_GETFD || cmd == F_SETFD)
return 0;
errno = EINVAL;
return -1;
#define sigemptyset(x) (void)0
static inline int sigaddset(sigset_t *set, int signum)
{ return 0; }
#define SIG_BLOCK 0
#define SIG_UNBLOCK 0
static inline int sigprocmask(int how, const sigset_t *set, sigset_t *oldset)
{ return 0; }
static inline pid_t getppid(void)
{ return 1; }
static inline pid_t getpgid(pid_t pid)
{ return pid == 0 ? getpid() : pid; }
static inline pid_t tcgetpgrp(int fd)
{ return getpid(); }
* simple adaptors
int mingw_mkdir(const char *path, int mode);
#define mkdir mingw_mkdir
#define WNOHANG 1
pid_t waitpid(pid_t pid, int *status, int options);
#define kill mingw_kill
int mingw_kill(pid_t pid, int sig);
#define locate_in_PATH mingw_locate_in_PATH
char *mingw_locate_in_PATH(const char *cmd);
#ifndef NO_OPENSSL
#include <openssl/ssl.h>
static inline int mingw_SSL_set_fd(SSL *ssl, int fd)
return SSL_set_fd(ssl, _get_osfhandle(fd));
#define SSL_set_fd mingw_SSL_set_fd
static inline int mingw_SSL_set_rfd(SSL *ssl, int fd)
return SSL_set_rfd(ssl, _get_osfhandle(fd));
#define SSL_set_rfd mingw_SSL_set_rfd
static inline int mingw_SSL_set_wfd(SSL *ssl, int fd)
return SSL_set_wfd(ssl, _get_osfhandle(fd));
#define SSL_set_wfd mingw_SSL_set_wfd
* implementations of missing functions
int pipe(int filedes[2]);
unsigned int sleep (unsigned int seconds);
int mkstemp(char *template);
int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, void *tz);
struct tm *gmtime_r(const time_t *timep, struct tm *result);
struct tm *localtime_r(const time_t *timep, struct tm *result);
int getpagesize(void); /* defined in MinGW's libgcc.a */
struct passwd *getpwuid(uid_t uid);
int setitimer(int type, struct itimerval *in, struct itimerval *out);
int sigaction(int sig, struct sigaction *in, struct sigaction *out);
int link(const char *oldpath, const char *newpath);
int uname(struct utsname *buf);
* replacements of existing functions
int mingw_unlink(const char *pathname);
#define unlink mingw_unlink
int mingw_rmdir(const char *path);
#define rmdir mingw_rmdir
int mingw_open (const char *filename, int oflags, ...);
#define open mingw_open
int mingw_fgetc(FILE *stream);
#define fgetc mingw_fgetc
FILE *mingw_fopen (const char *filename, const char *otype);
#define fopen mingw_fopen
FILE *mingw_freopen (const char *filename, const char *otype, FILE *stream);
#define freopen mingw_freopen
int mingw_fflush(FILE *stream);
#define fflush mingw_fflush
ssize_t mingw_write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t len);
#define write mingw_write
int mingw_access(const char *filename, int mode);
#undef access
#define access mingw_access
int mingw_chdir(const char *dirname);
#define chdir mingw_chdir
int mingw_chmod(const char *filename, int mode);
#define chmod mingw_chmod
char *mingw_mktemp(char *template);
#define mktemp mingw_mktemp
char *mingw_getcwd(char *pointer, int len);
#define getcwd mingw_getcwd
#error "NO_UNSETENV is incompatible with the Windows-specific startup code!"
* We bind *env() routines (even the mingw_ ones) to private mingw_ versions.
* These talk to the CRT using UNICODE/wchar_t, but maintain the original
* narrow-char API.
* Note that the MSCRT maintains both ANSI (getenv()) and UNICODE (_wgetenv())
* routines and stores both versions of each environment variable in parallel
* (and secretly updates both when you set one or the other), but it uses CP_ACP
* to do the conversion rather than CP_UTF8.
* Since everything in the git code base is UTF8, we define the mingw_ routines
* to access the CRT using the UNICODE routines and manually convert them to
* UTF8. This also avoids round-trip problems.
* This also helps with our linkage, since "_wenviron" is publicly exported
* from the CRT. But to access "_environ" we would have to statically link
* to the CRT (/MT).
* We require NO_SETENV (and let gitsetenv() call our mingw_putenv).
#define getenv mingw_getenv
#define putenv mingw_putenv
#define unsetenv mingw_putenv
char *mingw_getenv(const char *name);
int mingw_putenv(const char *name);
int mingw_gethostname(char *host, int namelen);
#define gethostname mingw_gethostname
struct hostent *mingw_gethostbyname(const char *host);
#define gethostbyname mingw_gethostbyname
int mingw_getaddrinfo(const char *node, const char *service,
const struct addrinfo *hints, struct addrinfo **res);
#define getaddrinfo mingw_getaddrinfo
int mingw_socket(int domain, int type, int protocol);
#define socket mingw_socket
int mingw_connect(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *sa, size_t sz);
#define connect mingw_connect
int mingw_bind(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *sa, size_t sz);
#define bind mingw_bind
int mingw_setsockopt(int sockfd, int lvl, int optname, void *optval, int optlen);
#define setsockopt mingw_setsockopt
int mingw_shutdown(int sockfd, int how);
#define shutdown mingw_shutdown
int mingw_listen(int sockfd, int backlog);
#define listen mingw_listen
int mingw_accept(int sockfd, struct sockaddr *sa, socklen_t *sz);
#define accept mingw_accept
int mingw_rename(const char*, const char*);
#define rename mingw_rename
#if defined(USE_WIN32_MMAP) || defined(_MSC_VER)
int mingw_getpagesize(void);
#define getpagesize mingw_getpagesize
int win32_fsync_no_flush(int fd);
#define fsync_no_flush win32_fsync_no_flush
struct rlimit {
unsigned int rlim_cur;
static inline int getrlimit(int resource, struct rlimit *rlp)
if (resource != RLIMIT_NOFILE) {
errno = EINVAL;
return -1;
rlp->rlim_cur = 2048;
return 0;
* Use mingw specific stat()/lstat()/fstat() implementations on Windows,
* including our own struct stat with 64 bit st_size and nanosecond-precision
* file times.
#define off_t off64_t
#define lseek _lseeki64
#ifndef _MSC_VER
struct timespec {
time_t tv_sec;
long tv_nsec;
struct mingw_stat {
_dev_t st_dev;
_ino_t st_ino;
_mode_t st_mode;
short st_nlink;
short st_uid;
short st_gid;
_dev_t st_rdev;
off64_t st_size;
struct timespec st_atim;
struct timespec st_mtim;
struct timespec st_ctim;
#define st_atime st_atim.tv_sec
#define st_mtime st_mtim.tv_sec
#define st_ctime st_ctim.tv_sec
#ifdef stat
#undef stat
#define stat mingw_stat
int mingw_lstat(const char *file_name, struct stat *buf);
int mingw_stat(const char *file_name, struct stat *buf);
int mingw_fstat(int fd, struct stat *buf);
#ifdef fstat
#undef fstat
#define fstat mingw_fstat
#ifdef lstat
#undef lstat
#define lstat mingw_lstat
int mingw_utime(const char *file_name, const struct utimbuf *times);
#define utime mingw_utime
size_t mingw_strftime(char *s, size_t max,
const char *format, const struct tm *tm);
#define strftime mingw_strftime
pid_t mingw_spawnvpe(const char *cmd, const char **argv, char **env,
const char *dir,
int fhin, int fhout, int fherr);
int mingw_execvp(const char *cmd, char *const *argv);
#define execvp mingw_execvp
int mingw_execv(const char *cmd, char *const *argv);
#define execv mingw_execv
static inline unsigned int git_ntohl(unsigned int x)
{ return (unsigned int)ntohl(x); }
#define ntohl git_ntohl
sig_handler_t mingw_signal(int sig, sig_handler_t handler);
#define signal mingw_signal
int mingw_raise(int sig);
#define raise mingw_raise
* ANSI emulation wrappers
int winansi_isatty(int fd);
#define isatty winansi_isatty
int winansi_dup2(int oldfd, int newfd);
#define dup2 winansi_dup2
void winansi_init(void);
HANDLE winansi_get_osfhandle(int fd);
* git specific compatibility
static inline void convert_slashes(char *path)
for (; *path; path++)
if (*path == '\\')
*path = '/';
#define PATH_SEP ';'
char *mingw_query_user_email(void);
#define query_user_email mingw_query_user_email
#if !defined(__MINGW64_VERSION_MAJOR) && (!defined(_MSC_VER) || _MSC_VER < 1800)
#define PRIuMAX "I64u"
#define PRId64 "I64d"
#include <inttypes.h>
* Verifies that the specified path is owned by the user running the
* current process.
int is_path_owned_by_current_sid(const char *path, struct strbuf *report);
#define is_path_owned_by_current_user is_path_owned_by_current_sid
* Verifies that the given path is a valid one on Windows.
* In particular, path segments are disallowed which
* - end in a period or a space (except the special directories `.` and `..`).
* - contain any of the reserved characters, e.g. `:`, `;`, `*`, etc
* - correspond to reserved names (such as `AUX`, `PRN`, etc)
* The `allow_literal_nul` parameter controls whether the path `NUL` should
* be considered valid (this makes sense e.g. before opening files, as it is
* perfectly legitimate to open `NUL` on Windows, just as it is to open
* `/dev/null` on Unix/Linux).
* Returns 1 upon success, otherwise 0.
int is_valid_win32_path(const char *path, int allow_literal_nul);
#define is_valid_path(path) is_valid_win32_path(path, 0)
* Converts UTF-8 encoded string to UTF-16LE.
* To support repositories with legacy-encoded file names, invalid UTF-8 bytes
* 0xa0 - 0xff are converted to corresponding printable Unicode chars \u00a0 -
* \u00ff, and invalid UTF-8 bytes 0x80 - 0x9f (which would make non-printable
* Unicode) are converted to hex-code.
* Lead-bytes not followed by an appropriate number of trail-bytes, over-long
* encodings and 4-byte encodings > \u10ffff are detected as invalid UTF-8.
* Maximum space requirement for the target buffer is two wide chars per UTF-8
* char (((strlen(utf) * 2) + 1) [* sizeof(wchar_t)]).
* The maximum space is needed only if the entire input string consists of
* invalid UTF-8 bytes in range 0x80-0x9f, as per the following table:
* | | UTF-8 | UTF-16 |
* Code point | UTF-8 sequence | bytes | words | ratio
* --------------+-------------------+-------+--------+-------
* 000000-00007f | 0-7f | 1 | 1 | 1
* 000080-0007ff | c2-df + 80-bf | 2 | 1 | 0.5
* 000800-00ffff | e0-ef + 2 * 80-bf | 3 | 1 | 0.33
* 010000-10ffff | f0-f4 + 3 * 80-bf | 4 | 2 (a) | 0.5
* invalid | 80-9f | 1 | 2 (b) | 2
* invalid | a0-ff | 1 | 1 | 1
* (a) encoded as UTF-16 surrogate pair
* (b) encoded as two hex digits
* Note that, while the UTF-8 encoding scheme can be extended to 5-byte, 6-byte
* or even indefinite-byte sequences, the largest valid code point \u10ffff
* encodes as only 4 UTF-8 bytes.
* Parameters:
* wcs: wide char target buffer
* utf: string to convert
* wcslen: size of target buffer (in wchar_t's)
* utflen: size of string to convert, or -1 if 0-terminated
* Returns:
* length of converted string (_wcslen(wcs)), or -1 on failure
* Errors:
* EINVAL: one of the input parameters is invalid (e.g. NULL)
* ERANGE: the output buffer is too small
int xutftowcsn(wchar_t *wcs, const char *utf, size_t wcslen, int utflen);
* Simplified variant of xutftowcsn, assumes input string is \0-terminated.
static inline int xutftowcs(wchar_t *wcs, const char *utf, size_t wcslen)
return xutftowcsn(wcs, utf, wcslen, -1);
* Simplified file system specific variant of xutftowcsn, assumes output
* buffer size is MAX_PATH wide chars and input string is \0-terminated,
* fails with ENAMETOOLONG if input string is too long.
static inline int xutftowcs_path(wchar_t *wcs, const char *utf)
int result = xutftowcsn(wcs, utf, MAX_PATH, -1);
if (result < 0 && errno == ERANGE)
return result;
* Converts UTF-16LE encoded string to UTF-8.
* Maximum space requirement for the target buffer is three UTF-8 chars per
* wide char ((_wcslen(wcs) * 3) + 1).
* The maximum space is needed only if the entire input string consists of
* UTF-16 words in range 0x0800-0xd7ff or 0xe000-0xffff (i.e. \u0800-\uffff
* modulo surrogate pairs), as per the following table:
* | | UTF-16 | UTF-8 |
* Code point | UTF-16 sequence | words | bytes | ratio
* --------------+-----------------------+--------+-------+-------
* 000000-00007f | 0000-007f | 1 | 1 | 1
* 000080-0007ff | 0080-07ff | 1 | 2 | 2
* 000800-00ffff | 0800-d7ff / e000-ffff | 1 | 3 | 3
* 010000-10ffff | d800-dbff + dc00-dfff | 2 | 4 | 2
* Note that invalid code points > 10ffff cannot be represented in UTF-16.
* Parameters:
* utf: target buffer
* wcs: wide string to convert
* utflen: size of target buffer
* Returns:
* length of converted string, or -1 on failure
* Errors:
* EINVAL: one of the input parameters is invalid (e.g. NULL)
* ERANGE: the output buffer is too small
int xwcstoutf(char *utf, const wchar_t *wcs, size_t utflen);
* A critical section used in the implementation of the spawn
* functions (mingw_spawnv[p]e()) and waitpid(). Initialised in
* the replacement main() macro below.
extern CRITICAL_SECTION pinfo_cs;
* Git, like most portable C applications, implements a main() function. On
* Windows, this main() function would receive parameters encoded in the
* current locale, but Git for Windows would prefer UTF-8 encoded parameters.
* To make that happen, we still declare main() here, and then declare and
* implement wmain() (which is the Unicode variant of main()) and compile with
* -municode. This wmain() function reencodes the parameters from UTF-16 to
* UTF-8 format, sets up a couple of other things as required on Windows, and
* then hands off to the main() function.
int wmain(int argc, const wchar_t **w_argv);
int main(int argc, const char **argv);
* For debugging: if a problem occurs, say, in a Git process that is spawned
* from another Git process which in turn is spawned from yet another Git
* process, it can be quite daunting to figure out what is going on.
* Call this function to open a new MinTTY (this assumes you are in Git for
* Windows' SDK) with a GDB that attaches to the current process right away.
void open_in_gdb(void);
* Used by Pthread API implementation for Windows
int err_win_to_posix(DWORD winerr);