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git-ls-files - Show information about files in the index and the working tree
'git ls-files' [-z] [-t] [-v] [-f]
[-c|--cached] [-d|--deleted] [-o|--others] [-i|--|ignored]
[-s|--stage] [-u|--unmerged] [-k|--|killed] [-m|--modified]
[--directory [--no-empty-directory]] [--eol]
[-x <pattern>|--exclude=<pattern>]
[-X <file>|--exclude-from=<file>]
[--error-unmatch] [--with-tree=<tree-ish>]
[--full-name] [--recurse-submodules]
[--abbrev[=<n>]] [--format=<format>] [--] [<file>...]
This merges the file listing in the index with the actual working
directory list, and shows different combinations of the two.
One or more of the options below may be used to determine the files
Show cached files in the output (default)
Show deleted files in the output
Show modified files in the output
Show other (i.e. untracked) files in the output
Show only ignored files in the output. When showing files in the
index, print only those matched by an exclude pattern. When
showing "other" files, show only those matched by an exclude
pattern. Standard ignore rules are not automatically activated,
therefore at least one of the `--exclude*` options is required.
Show staged contents' mode bits, object name and stage number in the output.
If a whole directory is classified as "other", show just its
name (with a trailing slash) and not its whole contents.
Do not list empty directories. Has no effect without --directory.
Show unmerged files in the output (forces --stage)
Show files on the filesystem that need to be removed due
to file/directory conflicts for checkout-index to
\0 line termination on output and do not quote filenames.
See OUTPUT below for more information.
When only filenames are shown, suppress duplicates that may
come from having multiple stages during a merge, or giving
`--deleted` and `--modified` option at the same time.
When any of the `-t`, `--unmerged`, or `--stage` option is
in use, this option has no effect.
-x <pattern>::
Skip untracked files matching pattern.
Note that pattern is a shell wildcard pattern. See EXCLUDE PATTERNS
below for more information.
-X <file>::
Read exclude patterns from <file>; 1 per line.
Read additional exclude patterns that apply only to the
directory and its subdirectories in <file>.
Add the standard Git exclusions: .git/info/exclude, .gitignore
in each directory, and the user's global exclusion file.
If any <file> does not appear in the index, treat this as an
error (return 1).
When using --error-unmatch to expand the user supplied
<file> (i.e. path pattern) arguments to paths, pretend
that paths which were removed in the index since the
named <tree-ish> are still present. Using this option
with `-s` or `-u` options does not make any sense.
This feature is semi-deprecated. For scripting purpose,
linkgit:git-status[1] `--porcelain` and
linkgit:git-diff-files[1] `--name-status` are almost always
superior alternatives, and users should look at
linkgit:git-status[1] `--short` or linkgit:git-diff[1]
`--name-status` for more user-friendly alternatives.
This option identifies the file status with the following tags (followed by
a space) at the start of each line:
H:: cached
S:: skip-worktree
M:: unmerged
R:: removed/deleted
C:: modified/changed
K:: to be killed
?:: other
Similar to `-t`, but use lowercase letters for files
that are marked as 'assume unchanged' (see
Similar to `-t`, but use lowercase letters for files
that are marked as 'fsmonitor valid' (see
When run from a subdirectory, the command usually
outputs paths relative to the current directory. This
option forces paths to be output relative to the project
top directory.
Recursively calls ls-files on each active submodule in the repository.
Currently there is only support for the --cached and --stage modes.
Instead of showing the full 40-byte hexadecimal object
lines, show the shortest prefix that is at least '<n>'
hexdigits long that uniquely refers the object.
Non default number of digits can be specified with --abbrev=<n>.
After each line that describes a file, add more data about its
cache entry. This is intended to show as much information as
possible for manual inspection; the exact format may change at
any time.
Show <eolinfo> and <eolattr> of files.
<eolinfo> is the file content identification used by Git when
the "text" attribute is "auto" (or not set and core.autocrlf is not false).
<eolinfo> is either "-text", "none", "lf", "crlf", "mixed" or "".
"" means the file is not a regular file, it is not in the index or
not accessible in the working tree.
<eolattr> is the attribute that is used when checking out or committing,
it is either "", "-text", "text", "text=auto", "text eol=lf", "text eol=crlf".
Since Git 2.10 "text=auto eol=lf" and "text=auto eol=crlf" are supported.
Both the <eolinfo> in the index ("i/<eolinfo>")
and in the working tree ("w/<eolinfo>") are shown for regular files,
followed by the ("attr/<eolattr>").
If the index is sparse, show the sparse directories without expanding
to the contained files. Sparse directories will be shown with a
trailing slash, such as "x/" for a sparse directory "x".
A string that interpolates `%(fieldname)` from the result being shown.
It also interpolates `%%` to `%`, and `%xx` where `xx` are hex digits
interpolates to character with hex code `xx`; for example `%00`
interpolates to `\0` (NUL), `%09` to `\t` (TAB) and %0a to `\n` (LF).
--format cannot be combined with `-s`, `-o`, `-k`, `-t`, `--resolve-undo`
and `--eol`.
Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
Files to show. If no files are given all files which match the other
specified criteria are shown.
'git ls-files' just outputs the filenames unless `--stage` is specified in
which case it outputs:
[<tag> ]<mode> <object> <stage> <file>
'git ls-files --eol' will show
'git ls-files --unmerged' and 'git ls-files --stage' can be used to examine
detailed information on unmerged paths.
For an unmerged path, instead of recording a single mode/SHA-1 pair,
the index records up to three such pairs; one from tree O in stage
1, A in stage 2, and B in stage 3. This information can be used by
the user (or the porcelain) to see what should eventually be recorded at the
path. (see linkgit:git-read-tree[1] for more information on state)
Without the `-z` option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are
quoted as explained for the configuration variable `core.quotePath`
(see linkgit:git-config[1]). Using `-z` the filename is output
verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte.
It is possible to print in a custom format by using the `--format`
option, which is able to interpolate different fields using
a `%(fieldname)` notation. For example, if you only care about the
"objectname" and "path" fields, you can execute with a specific
"--format" like
git ls-files --format='%(objectname) %(path)'
The way each path is shown can be customized by using the
`--format=<format>` option, where the %(fieldname) in the
<format> string for various aspects of the index entry are
interpolated. The following "fieldname" are understood:
The mode of the file which is recorded in the index.
The name of the file which is recorded in the index.
The stage of the file which is recorded in the index.
The <eolinfo> (see the description of the `--eol` option) of
the contents in the index or in the worktree for the path.
The <eolattr> (see the description of the `--eol` option)
that applies to the path.
The pathname of the file which is recorded in the index.
'git ls-files' can use a list of "exclude patterns" when
traversing the directory tree and finding files to show when the
flags --others or --ignored are specified. linkgit:gitignore[5]
specifies the format of exclude patterns.
These exclude patterns come from these places, in order:
1. The command-line flag --exclude=<pattern> specifies a
single pattern. Patterns are ordered in the same order
they appear in the command line.
2. The command-line flag --exclude-from=<file> specifies a
file containing a list of patterns. Patterns are ordered
in the same order they appear in the file.
3. The command-line flag --exclude-per-directory=<name> specifies
a name of the file in each directory 'git ls-files'
examines, normally `.gitignore`. Files in deeper
directories take precedence. Patterns are ordered in the
same order they appear in the files.
A pattern specified on the command line with --exclude or read
from the file specified with --exclude-from is relative to the
top of the directory tree. A pattern read from a file specified
by --exclude-per-directory is relative to the directory that the
pattern file appears in.
linkgit:git-read-tree[1], linkgit:gitignore[5]
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite