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git-fsck - Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database
'git fsck' [--tags] [--root] [--unreachable] [--cache] [--no-reflogs]
[--[no-]full] [--strict] [--verbose] [--lost-found]
[--[no-]dangling] [--[no-]progress] [--connectivity-only]
[--[no-]name-objects] [<object>...]
Verifies the connectivity and validity of the objects in the database.
An object to treat as the head of an unreachability trace.
If no objects are given, 'git fsck' defaults to using the
index file, all SHA-1 references in `refs` namespace, and all reflogs
(unless --no-reflogs is given) as heads.
Print out objects that exist but that aren't reachable from any
of the reference nodes.
Print objects that exist but that are never 'directly' used (default).
`--no-dangling` can be used to omit this information from the output.
Report root nodes.
Report tags.
Consider any object recorded in the index also as a head node for
an unreachability trace.
Do not consider commits that are referenced only by an
entry in a reflog to be reachable. This option is meant
only to search for commits that used to be in a ref, but
now aren't, but are still in that corresponding reflog.
Check not just objects in GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY
($GIT_DIR/objects), but also the ones found in alternate
or $GIT_DIR/objects/info/alternates,
and in packed Git archives found in $GIT_DIR/objects/pack
and corresponding pack subdirectories in alternate
object pools. This is now default; you can turn it off
with --no-full.
Check only the connectivity of reachable objects, making sure
that any objects referenced by a reachable tag, commit, or tree
is present. This speeds up the operation by avoiding reading
blobs entirely (though it does still check that referenced blobs
exist). This will detect corruption in commits and trees, but
not do any semantic checks (e.g., for format errors). Corruption
in blob objects will not be detected at all.
Unreachable tags, commits, and trees will also be accessed to find the
tips of dangling segments of history. Use `--no-dangling` if you don't
care about this output and want to speed it up further.
Enable more strict checking, namely to catch a file mode
recorded with g+w bit set, which was created by older
versions of Git. Existing repositories, including the
Linux kernel, Git itself, and sparse repository have old
objects that triggers this check, but it is recommended
to check new projects with this flag.
Be chatty.
Write dangling objects into .git/lost-found/commit/ or
.git/lost-found/other/, depending on type. If the object is
a blob, the contents are written into the file, rather than
its object name.
When displaying names of reachable objects, in addition to the
SHA-1 also display a name that describes *how* they are reachable,
compatible with linkgit:git-rev-parse[1], e.g.
Progress status is reported on the standard error stream by
default when it is attached to a terminal, unless
--no-progress or --verbose is specified. --progress forces
progress status even if the standard error stream is not
directed to a terminal.
git-fsck tests SHA-1 and general object sanity, and it does full tracking
of the resulting reachability and everything else. It prints out any
corruption it finds (missing or bad objects), and if you use the
`--unreachable` flag it will also print out objects that exist but that
aren't reachable from any of the specified head nodes (or the default
set, as mentioned above).
Any corrupt objects you will have to find in backups or other archives
(i.e., you can just remove them and do an 'rsync' with some other site in
the hopes that somebody else has the object you have corrupted).
If core.commitGraph is true, the commit-graph file will also be inspected
using 'git commit-graph verify'. See linkgit:git-commit-graph[1].
Extracted Diagnostics
unreachable <type> <object>::
The <type> object <object>, isn't actually referred to directly
or indirectly in any of the trees or commits seen. This can
mean that there's another root node that you're not specifying
or that the tree is corrupt. If you haven't missed a root node
then you might as well delete unreachable nodes since they
can't be used.
missing <type> <object>::
The <type> object <object>, is referred to but isn't present in
the database.
dangling <type> <object>::
The <type> object <object>, is present in the database but never
'directly' used. A dangling commit could be a root node.
hash mismatch <object>::
The database has an object whose hash doesn't match the
object database value.
This indicates a serious data integrity problem.
Environment Variables
used to specify the object database root (usually $GIT_DIR/objects)
used to specify the index file of the index
used to specify additional object database roots (usually unset)
Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite