Commit Graph

17 Commits (master)

Author SHA1 Message Date
Junio C Hamano afe8a9070b tree-wide: apply equals-null.cocci
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2022-05-02 09:50:37 -07:00
Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason 338abb0f04 builtins + test helpers: use return instead of exit() in cmd_*
Change various cmd_* functions that claim to return an "int" to use
"return" instead of exit() to indicate an exit code. These were not
marked with NORETURN, and by directly exit()-ing we'll skip the
cleanup git.c would otherwise do (e.g. closing fd's, erroring if we
can't). See run_builtin() in git.c.

In the case of shell.c and sh-i18n--envsubst.c this was the result of
an incomplete migration to using a cmd_main() in 3f2e2297b9 (add an
extra level of indirection to main(), 2016-07-01).

This was spotted by SunCC 12.5 on Solaris 10 (gcc210 on the gccfarm).

Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2021-06-09 09:15:58 +09:00
René Scharfe 568a05c5ec cleanup: fix possible overflow errors in binary search, part 2
Calculating the sum of two array indexes to find the midpoint between
them can overflow, i.e. code like this is unsafe for big arrays:

	mid = (first + last) >> 1;

Make sure the intermediate value stays within the boundaries instead,
like this:

	mid = first + ((last - first) >> 1);

The loop condition of the binary search makes sure that 'last' is
always greater than 'first', so this is safe as long as 'first' is
not negative.  And that can be verified easily using the pre-context
of each change, except for name-hash.c, so add an assertion to that
effect there.

The unsafe calculations were found with:

	git grep '(.*+.*) *>> *1'

This is a continuation of 19716b21a4 (cleanup: fix possible overflow
errors in binary search, 2017-10-08).

Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-06-13 11:28:53 -07:00
Jeff Hostetler ee4512ed48 trace2: create new combined trace facility
Create a new unified tracing facility for git.  The eventual intent is to
replace the current trace_printf* and trace_performance* routines with a
unified set of git_trace2* routines.

In addition to the usual printf-style API, trace2 provides higer-level
event verbs with fixed-fields allowing structured data to be written.
This makes post-processing and analysis easier for external tools.

Trace2 defines 3 output targets.  These are set using the environment
variables "GIT_TR2", "GIT_TR2_PERF", and "GIT_TR2_EVENT".  These may be
set to "1" or to an absolute pathname (just like the current GIT_TRACE).

* GIT_TR2 is intended to be a replacement for GIT_TRACE and logs command
  summary data.

* GIT_TR2_PERF is intended as a replacement for GIT_TRACE_PERFORMANCE.
  It extends the output with columns for the command process, thread,
  repo, absolute and relative elapsed times.  It reports events for
  child process start/stop, thread start/stop, and per-thread function

* GIT_TR2_EVENT is a new structured format. It writes event data as a
  series of JSON records.

Calls to trace2 functions log to any of the 3 output targets enabled
without the need to call different trace_printf* or trace_performance*

Signed-off-by: Jeff Hostetler <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2019-02-22 15:27:59 -08:00
Todd Zullinger 484257925f Replace Free Software Foundation address in license notices
The mailing address for the FSF has changed over the years.  Rather than
updating the address across all files, refer readers to, as the
GNU GPL documentation now suggests for license notices.  The mailing
address is retained in the full license files (COPYING and LGPL-2.1).

The old address is still present in t/diff-lib/COPYING.  This is
intentional, as the file is used in tests and the contents are not
expected to change.

Signed-off-by: Todd Zullinger <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2017-11-09 13:21:21 +09:00
René Scharfe 76dd98c139 remove unnecessary check before QSORT
Add a semantic patch for removing checks similar to the one that QSORT
already does internally and apply it to the code base.

Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-09-29 15:42:18 -07:00
René Scharfe 9ed0d8d6e6 use QSORT
Apply the semantic patch contrib/coccinelle/qsort.cocci to the code
base, replacing calls of qsort(3) with QSORT.  The resulting code is
shorter and supports empty arrays with NULL pointers.

Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-09-29 15:42:18 -07:00
Jeff King 3f2e2297b9 add an extra level of indirection to main()
There are certain startup tasks that we expect every git
process to do. In some cases this is just to improve the
quality of the program (e.g., setting up gettext()). In
others it is a requirement for using certain functions in
libgit.a (e.g., system_path() expects that you have called

Most commands are builtins and are covered by the git.c
version of main(). However, there are still a few external
commands that use their own main(). Each of these has to
remember to include the correct startup sequence, and we are
not always consistent.

Rather than just fix the inconsistencies, let's make this
harder to get wrong by providing a common main() that can
run this standard startup.

We basically have two options to do this:

 - the compat/mingw.h file already does something like this by
   adding a #define that replaces the definition of main with a
   wrapper that calls mingw_startup().

   The upside is that the code in each program doesn't need
   to be changed at all; it's rewritten on the fly by the

   The downside is that it may make debugging of the startup
   sequence a bit more confusing, as the preprocessor is
   quietly inserting new code.

 - the builtin functions are all of the form cmd_foo(),
   and git.c's main() calls them.

   This is much more explicit, which may make things more
   obvious to somebody reading the code. It's also more
   flexible (because of course we have to figure out _which_
   cmd_foo() to call).

   The downside is that each of the builtins must define
   cmd_foo(), instead of just main().

This patch chooses the latter option, preferring the more
explicit approach, even though it is more invasive. We
introduce a new file common-main.c, with the "real" main. It
expects to call cmd_main() from whatever other objects it is
linked against.

We link common-main.o against anything that links against
libgit.a, since we know that such programs will need to do
this setup. Note that common-main.o can't actually go inside
libgit.a, as the linker would not pick up its main()
function automatically (it has no callers).

The rest of the patch is just adjusting all of the various
external programs (mostly in t/helper) to use cmd_main().
I've provided a global declaration for cmd_main(), which
means that all of the programs also need to match its
signature. In particular, many functions need to switch to
"const char **" instead of "char **" for argv. This effect
ripples out to a few other variables and functions, as well.

This makes the patch even more invasive, but the end result
is much better. We should be treating argv strings as const
anyway, and now all programs conform to the same signature
(which also matches the way builtins are defined).

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2016-07-01 15:09:10 -07:00
René Scharfe 2756ca4347 use REALLOC_ARRAY for changing the allocation size of arrays
Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2014-09-18 09:13:42 -07:00
René Scharfe 5c0b13f85a use xmemdupz() to allocate copies of strings given by start and length
Use xmemdupz() to allocate the memory, copy the data and make sure to
NUL-terminate the result, all in one step.  The resulting code is
shorter, doesn't contain the constants 1 and '\0', and avoids
duplicating function parameters.

For blame, the last copied byte (o->file.ptr[o->file.size]) is always
set to NUL by fake_working_tree_commit() or read_sha1_file(), so no
information is lost by the conversion to using xmemdupz().

Signed-off-by: Rene Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2014-07-21 10:37:02 -07:00
Eric Sunshine 4825b80ef9 sh-i18n--envsubst: retire unused string_list_member()
This static function has no callers, nor has it had any since its
introduction in ba67aaf2d0 (git-sh-i18n--envsubst: our own envsubst(1)
for eval_gettext(), 2011-05-14). Remove it.

Signed-off-by: Eric Sunshine <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2014-03-12 15:04:55 -07:00
Junio C Hamano 1fd7ef2e8f Merge branch 'js/i18n-windows'
* js/i18n-windows:
  Windows: teach getenv to do a case-sensitive search
  mingw.c: move definition of mingw_getenv down
  sh-i18n--envsubst: do not crash when no arguments are given
2011-06-29 17:03:13 -07:00
Junio C Hamano 179aae51bb Merge branch 'ab/i18n-scripts-basic'
* ab/i18n-scripts-basic:
  sh-i18n--envsubst.c: do not #include getopt.h
2011-06-17 11:40:32 -07:00
Brandon Casey 7c1fdd7019 sh-i18n--envsubst.c: do not #include getopt.h
The getopt.h header file is not used.  It's inclusion is left over from the
original version of this source.  Additionally, getopt.h does not exist on
all platforms (SunOS 5.7) and will cause a compilation failure.  So, let's
remove it.

Signed-off-by: Brandon Casey <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-06-17 11:30:14 -07:00
Johannes Sixt 8c92516f2d sh-i18n--envsubst: do not crash when no arguments are given
Signed-off-by: Johannes Sixt <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-06-06 11:35:00 -07:00
Michael J Gruber 600a6a68c0 sh-18n: quell "unused variable" warning
show_variables is set but never used. Comment it out rather than remove it so
that the relation with upstream remains clear.

Signed-off-by: Michael J Gruber <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-05-25 09:35:59 -07:00
Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason ba67aaf2d0 git-sh-i18n--envsubst: our own envsubst(1) for eval_gettext()
Add a git-sh-i18n--envsubst program which is a stripped-down version
of the GNU envsubst(1) program that comes with GNU gettext for use in
the eval_gettext() fallback.

We need a C helper program because implementing eval_gettext() purely
in shell turned out to be unworkable. Digging through the Git mailing
list archives will reveal two shell implementations of eval_gettext
that are almost good enough, but fail on an edge case which is tested
for in the tests which are part of this patch.

These are the modifications I made to envsubst.c as I turned it into

 * Added our git-compat-util.h header for xrealloc() and friends.

 * Removed inclusion of gettext-specific headers.

 * Removed most of main() and replaced it with my own. The modified
   version only does option parsing for --variables. That's all it

 * Modified error() invocations to use our error() instead of

 * Replaced the gettext XNMALLOC(n, size) macro with just
   xmalloc(n). Since XNMALLOC() only allocated char's.

 * Removed the string_list_destroy function. It's redundant (also in
   the upstream code).

 * Replaced the use of stdbool.h (a C99 header) by doing the following
   replacements on the code:

    * s/bool/unsigned short int/g
    * s/true/1/g
    * s/false/0/g

Reported-by: Johannes Sixt <>
Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
2011-05-14 20:29:05 -07:00