archive-tar: fix pax extended header length calculation

A pax extended header record starts with a decimal number.  Its value
is the length of the whole record, including its own length.

The calculation of that number in strbuf_append_ext_header() is off by
one in case the length of the rest is close to a higher order of
magnitude.  This affects paths and link targets a bit shorter than 1000,
10000, 100000 etc. characters -- paths with a length of up to 100 fit
into the tar header and don't need a pax extended header.

The mistake has been present since the function was added by ae64bbc18c
("tar-tree: Introduce write_entry()", 2006-03-25).

Account for digits added to len during the loop and keep incrementing
until we have enough space for len and the rest.  The crucial change is
to check against the current value of len before each iteration, instead
of against its value before the loop.

Signed-off-by: René Scharfe <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
René Scharfe 3 years ago committed by Junio C Hamano
parent 4060c1990a
commit 82a46af13e
  1. 2
  2. 2

@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ static void strbuf_append_ext_header(struct strbuf *sb, const char *keyword,
/* "%u %s=%s\n" */
len = 1 + 1 + strlen(keyword) + 1 + valuelen + 1;
for (tmp = len; tmp > 9; tmp /= 10)
for (tmp = 1; len / 10 >= tmp; tmp *= 10)
strbuf_grow(sb, len);

@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ build_tree() {
' "$1"
test_expect_failure 'tar archive with long paths' '
test_expect_success 'tar archive with long paths' '
blob=$(echo foo | git hash-object -w --stdin) &&
tree=$(build_tree $blob | git mktree) &&
git archive -o long_paths.tar $tree 2>stderr &&