http: read HTTP WWW-Authenticate response headers

Read and store the HTTP WWW-Authenticate response headers made for
a particular request.

This will allow us to pass important authentication challenge
information to credential helpers or others that would otherwise have
been lost.

libcurl only provides us with the ability to read all headers recieved
for a particular request, including any intermediate redirect requests
or proxies. The lines returned by libcurl include HTTP status lines
delinating any intermediate requests such as "HTTP/1.1 200". We use
these lines to reset the strvec of WWW-Authenticate header values as
we encounter them in order to only capture the final response headers.

The collection of all header values matching the WWW-Authenticate
header is complicated by the fact that it is legal for header fields to
be continued over multiple lines, but libcurl only gives us each
physical line a time, not each logical header. This line folding feature
is deprecated in RFC 7230 [1] but older servers may still emit them, so
we need to handle them.

In the future [2] we may be able to leverage functions to read headers
from libcurl itself, but as of today we must do this ourselves.


Signed-off-by: Matthew John Cheetham <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
This commit is contained in:
Matthew John Cheetham 2023-02-27 17:20:19 +00:00 committed by Junio C Hamano
parent 988aad99b4
commit 6b8dda9a4f
4 changed files with 147 additions and 0 deletions

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@ -22,6 +22,7 @@ void credential_clear(struct credential *c)
string_list_clear(&c->helpers, 0);

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@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
#include "string-list.h"
#include "strvec.h"
* The credentials API provides an abstracted way of gathering username and
@ -115,6 +116,20 @@ struct credential {
struct string_list helpers;
* A `strvec` of WWW-Authenticate header values. Each string
* is the value of a WWW-Authenticate header in an HTTP response,
* in the order they were received in the response.
struct strvec wwwauth_headers;
* Internal use only. Keeps track of if we previously matched against a
* WWW-Authenticate header line in order to re-fold future continuation
* lines into one value.
unsigned header_is_last_match:1;
unsigned approved:1,
@ -130,6 +145,7 @@ struct credential {
.helpers = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP, \
.wwwauth_headers = STRVEC_INIT, \
/* Initialize a credential structure, setting all fields to empty. */

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@ -1287,6 +1287,25 @@ static inline int skip_iprefix(const char *str, const char *prefix,
return 0;
* Like skip_prefix_mem, but compare case-insensitively. Note that the
* comparison is done via tolower(), so it is strictly ASCII (no multi-byte
* characters or locale-specific conversions).
static inline int skip_iprefix_mem(const char *buf, size_t len,
const char *prefix,
const char **out, size_t *outlen)
do {
if (!*prefix) {
*out = buf;
*outlen = len;
return 1;
} while (len-- > 0 && tolower(*buf++) == tolower(*prefix++));
return 0;
static inline int strtoul_ui(char const *s, int base, unsigned int *result)
unsigned long ul;

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@ -181,6 +181,115 @@ size_t fwrite_buffer(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *buffer_)
return nmemb;
* A folded header continuation line starts with any number of spaces or
* horizontal tab characters (SP or HTAB) as per RFC 7230 section 3.2.
* It is not a continuation line if the line starts with any other character.
static inline int is_hdr_continuation(const char *ptr, const size_t size)
return size && (*ptr == ' ' || *ptr == '\t');
static size_t fwrite_wwwauth(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *p)
size_t size = eltsize * nmemb;
struct strvec *values = &http_auth.wwwauth_headers;
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
const char *val;
size_t val_len;
* Header lines may not come NULL-terminated from libcurl so we must
* limit all scans to the maximum length of the header line, or leverage
* strbufs for all operations.
* In addition, it is possible that header values can be split over
* multiple lines as per RFC 7230. 'Line folding' has been deprecated
* but older servers may still emit them. A continuation header field
* value is identified as starting with a space or horizontal tab.
* The formal definition of a header field as given in RFC 7230 is:
* header-field = field-name ":" OWS field-value OWS
* field-name = token
* field-value = *( field-content / obs-fold )
* field-content = field-vchar [ 1*( SP / HTAB ) field-vchar ]
* field-vchar = VCHAR / obs-text
* obs-fold = CRLF 1*( SP / HTAB )
* ; obsolete line folding
* ; see Section 3.2.4
/* Start of a new WWW-Authenticate header */
if (skip_iprefix_mem(ptr, size, "www-authenticate:", &val, &val_len)) {
strbuf_add(&buf, val, val_len);
* Strip the CRLF that should be present at the end of each
* field as well as any trailing or leading whitespace from the
* value.
strvec_push(values, buf.buf);
http_auth.header_is_last_match = 1;
goto exit;
* This line could be a continuation of the previously matched header
* field. If this is the case then we should append this value to the
* end of the previously consumed value.
if (http_auth.header_is_last_match && is_hdr_continuation(ptr, size)) {
* Trim the CRLF and any leading or trailing from this line.
strbuf_add(&buf, ptr, size);
* At this point we should always have at least one existing
* value, even if it is empty. Do not bother appending the new
* value if this continuation header is itself empty.
if (!values->nr) {
BUG("should have at least one existing header value");
} else if (buf.len) {
char *prev = xstrdup(values->v[values->nr - 1]);
/* Join two non-empty values with a single space. */
const char *const sp = *prev ? " " : "";
strvec_pushf(values, "%s%s%s", prev, sp, buf.buf);
goto exit;
/* Not a continuation of a previously matched auth header line. */
http_auth.header_is_last_match = 0;
* If this is a HTTP status line and not a header field, this signals
* a different HTTP response. libcurl writes all the output of all
* response headers of all responses, including redirects.
* We only care about the last HTTP request response's headers so clear
* the existing array.
if (skip_iprefix_mem(ptr, size, "http/", &val, &val_len))
return size;
size_t fwrite_null(char *ptr, size_t eltsize, size_t nmemb, void *strbuf)
return nmemb;
@ -1895,6 +2004,8 @@ static int http_request(const char *url,
curl_easy_setopt(slot->curl, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION, fwrite_wwwauth);
accept_language = http_get_accept_language_header();
if (accept_language)