Revert 'diff-merges: let "-m" imply "-p"'

This reverts commit f5bfcc823b, which
made "git log -m" imply "--patch" by default.  The logic was that
"-m", which makes diff generation for merges perform a diff against
each parent, has no use unless I am viewing the diff, so we could save
the user some typing by turning on display of the resulting diff
automatically.  That wasn't expected to adversely affect scripts
because scripts would either be using a command like "git diff-tree"
that already emits diffs by default or would be combining -m with a
diff generation option such as --name-status.  By saving typing for
interactive use without adversely affecting scripts in the wild, it
would be a pure improvement.

The problem is that although diff generation options are only relevant
for the displayed diff, a script author can imagine them affecting
path limiting.  For example, I might run

	git log -w --format=%H -- README

hoping to list commits that edited README, excluding whitespace-only
changes.  In fact, a whitespace-only change is not TREESAME so the use
of -w here has no effect (since we don't apply these diff generation
flags to the diff_options struct rev_info::pruning used for this
purpose), but the documentation suggests that it should work

	Suppose you specified foo as the <paths>. We shall call
	commits that modify foo !TREESAME, and the rest TREESAME. (In
	a diff filtered for foo, they look different and equal,

and a script author who has not tested whitespace-only changes
wouldn't notice.

Similarly, a script author could include

	git log -m --first-parent --format=%H -- README

to filter the first-parent history for commits that modified README.
The -m is a no-op but it reflects the script author's intent.  For
example, until 1e20a407fe (stash list: stop passing "-m" to "git
log", 2021-05-21), "git stash list" did this.

As a result, we can't safely change "-m" to imply "-p" without fear of
breaking such scripts.  Restore the previous behavior.

Noticed because Rust's src/bootstrap/ made use of this
same construct:  That
script has been updated to omit the unnecessary "-m" option, but we
can expect other scripts in the wild to have similar expectations.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
This commit is contained in:
Jonathan Nieder 2021-08-05 18:45:23 -07:00 committed by Junio C Hamano
parent f5bfcc823b
commit 6a38e33331
3 changed files with 6 additions and 7 deletions

View File

@ -49,9 +49,10 @@ ifdef::git-log[]
This option makes diff output for merge commits to be shown in
the default format. The default format could be changed using
the default format. `-m` will produce the output only if `-p`
is given as well. The default format could be changed using
`log.diffMerges` configuration parameter, which default value
is `separate`. `-m` implies `-p`.
is `separate`.
@ -61,8 +62,7 @@ ifdef::git-log[]
This makes merge commits show the full diff with respect to
each of the parents. Separate log entry and diff is generated
for each parent. This is the format that `-m` produced
for each parent.

View File

@ -107,7 +107,6 @@ int diff_merges_parse_opts(struct rev_info *revs, const char **argv)
if (!strcmp(arg, "-m")) {
revs->merges_imply_patch = 1;
} else if (!strcmp(arg, "-c")) {
revs->merges_imply_patch = 1;

View File

@ -455,8 +455,8 @@ diff-tree --stat --compact-summary initial mode
diff-tree -R --stat --compact-summary initial mode
test_expect_success 'log -m matches log -m -p' '
git log -m -p master >result &&
test_expect_success 'log -m matches pure log' '
git log master >result &&
process_diffs result >expected &&
git log -m >result &&
process_diffs result >actual &&