fast-export: allow seeding the anonymized mapping

After you anonymize a repository, it can be hard to find which commits
correspond between the original and the result, and thus hard to
reproduce commands that triggered bugs in the original.

Let's make it possible to seed the anonymization map. This lets users

  - mark names to be retained as-is, if they don't consider them secret
    (in which case their original commands would just work)

  - map names to new values, which lets them adapt the reproduction
    recipe to the new names without revealing the originals

The implementation is fairly straight-forward. We already store each
anonymized token in a hashmap (so that the same token appearing twice is
converted to the same result). We can just introduce a new "seed"
hashmap which is consulted first.

This does make a few more promises to the user about how we'll anonymize
things (e.g., token-splitting pathnames). But it's unlikely that we'd
want to change those rules, even if the actual anonymization of a single
token changes. And it makes things much easier for the user, who can
unblind only a directory name without having to specify each path within

One alternative to this approach would be to anonymize as we see fit,
and then dump the whole refname and pathname mappings to a file. This
does work, but it's a bit awkward to use (you have to manually dig the
items you care about out of the mapping).

Helped-by: Eric Sunshine <>
Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <>
This commit is contained in:
Jeff King 2020-06-25 15:48:32 -04:00 committed by Junio C Hamano
parent d5bf91fde4
commit 65b5d9fae7
3 changed files with 88 additions and 2 deletions

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@ -119,6 +119,11 @@ by keeping the marks the same across runs.
the shape of the history and stored tree. See the section on
Convert token `<from>` to `<to>` in the anonymized output. If
`<to>` is omitted, map `<from>` to itself (i.e., do not
anonymize it). See the section on `ANONYMIZING` below.
By default, running a command such as `git fast-export
master~5..master` will not include the commit master{tilde}5
@ -238,6 +243,30 @@ collapse "User 0", "User 1", etc into "User X"). This produces a much
smaller output, and it is usually easy to quickly confirm that there is
no private data in the stream.
Reproducing some bugs may require referencing particular commits or
paths, which becomes challenging after refnames and paths have been
anonymized. You can ask for a particular token to be left as-is or
mapped to a new value. For example, if you have a bug which reproduces
with `git rev-list sensitive -- secret.c`, you can run:
$ git fast-export --anonymize --all \
--anonymize-map=sensitive:foo \
--anonymize-map=secret.c:bar.c \
After importing the stream, you can then run `git rev-list foo -- bar.c`
in the anonymized repository.
Note that paths and refnames are split into tokens at slash boundaries.
The command above would anonymize `subdir/secret.c` as something like
`path123/bar.c`; you could then search for `bar.c` in the anonymized
repository to determine the final pathname.
To make referencing the final pathname simpler, you can map each path
component; so if you also anonymize `subdir` to `publicdir`, then the
final pathname would be `publicdir/bar.c`.

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@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ static struct string_list extra_refs = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static struct string_list tag_refs = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static struct refspec refspecs = REFSPEC_INIT_FETCH;
static int anonymize;
static struct hashmap anonymized_seeds;
static struct revision_sources revision_sources;
static int parse_opt_signed_tag_mode(const struct option *opt,
@ -168,8 +169,18 @@ static const char *anonymize_str(struct hashmap *map,
hashmap_entry_init(&key.hash, memhash(orig, len));
key.orig = orig;
key.orig_len = len;
ret = hashmap_get_entry(map, &key, hash, &key);
/* First check if it's a token the user configured manually... */
if (anonymized_seeds.cmpfn)
ret = hashmap_get_entry(&anonymized_seeds, &key, hash, &key);
ret = NULL;
/* ...otherwise check if we've already seen it in this context... */
if (!ret)
ret = hashmap_get_entry(map, &key, hash, &key);
/* ...and finally generate a new mapping if necessary */
if (!ret) {
FLEX_ALLOC_MEM(ret, orig, orig, len);
hashmap_entry_init(&ret->hash, key.hash.hash);
@ -1147,6 +1158,37 @@ static void handle_deletes(void)
static char *anonymize_seed(void *data)
return xstrdup(data);
static int parse_opt_anonymize_map(const struct option *opt,
const char *arg, int unset)
struct hashmap *map = opt->value;
const char *delim, *value;
size_t keylen;
delim = strchr(arg, ':');
if (delim) {
keylen = delim - arg;
value = delim + 1;
} else {
keylen = strlen(arg);
value = arg;
if (!keylen || !*value)
return error(_("--anonymize-map token cannot be empty"));
anonymize_str(map, anonymize_seed, arg, keylen, (void *)value);
return 0;
int cmd_fast_export(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
struct rev_info revs;
@ -1188,6 +1230,9 @@ int cmd_fast_export(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
OPT_STRING_LIST(0, "refspec", &refspecs_list, N_("refspec"),
N_("Apply refspec to exported refs")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "anonymize", &anonymize, N_("anonymize output")),
OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "anonymize-map", &anonymized_seeds, N_("from:to"),
N_("convert <from> to <to> in anonymized output"),
PARSE_OPT_NONEG, parse_opt_anonymize_map),
OPT_BOOL(0, "reference-excluded-parents",
&reference_excluded_commits, N_("Reference parents which are not in fast-export stream by object id")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "show-original-ids", &show_original_ids,
@ -1215,6 +1260,9 @@ int cmd_fast_export(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
if (argc > 1)
usage_with_options (fast_export_usage, options);
if (anonymized_seeds.cmpfn && !anonymize)
die(_("--anonymize-map without --anonymize does not make sense"));
if ( {
int i;

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@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ test_description='basic tests for fast-export --anonymize'
test_expect_success 'setup simple repo' '
test_commit base &&
test_commit foo &&
test_commit retain-me &&
git checkout -b other HEAD^ &&
mkdir subdir &&
test_commit subdir/bar &&
@ -18,7 +19,10 @@ test_expect_success 'setup simple repo' '
test_expect_success 'export anonymized stream' '
git fast-export --anonymize --all >stream
git fast-export --anonymize --all \
--anonymize-map=retain-me \
--anonymize-map=xyzzy:custom-name \
# this also covers commit messages
@ -30,6 +34,11 @@ test_expect_success 'stream omits path names' '
! grep xyzzy stream
test_expect_success 'stream contains user-specified names' '
grep retain-me stream &&
grep custom-name stream
test_expect_success 'stream omits gitlink oids' '
# avoid relying on the whole oid to remain hash-agnostic; this is
# plenty to be unique within our test case