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git/builtin/fetch.c

2154 lines
60 KiB

/*
* "git fetch"
*/
#include "cache.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "repository.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "refspec.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "oidset.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "builtin.h"
#include "string-list.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "transport.h"
git-fetch: avoid local fetching from alternate (again) Back in e3c6f240fd9c5bdeb33f2d47adc859f37935e2df Junio taught git-fetch to avoid copying objects when we are fetching from a repository that is already registered as an alternate object database. In such a case there is no reason to copy any objects as we can already obtain them through the alternate. However we need to ensure the objects are all reachable, so we run `git rev-list --objects $theirs --not --all` to verify this. If any object is missing or unreadable then we need to fetch/copy the objects from the remote. When a missing object is detected the git-rev-list process will exit with a non-zero exit status, making this condition quite easy to detect. Although git-fetch is currently a builtin (and so is rev-list) we cannot invoke the traverse_objects() API at this point in the transport code. The object walker within traverse_objects() calls die() as soon as it finds an object it cannot read. If that happens we want to resume the fetch process by calling do_fetch_pack(). To get around this we spawn git-rev-list into a background process to prevent a die() from killing the foreground fetch process, thus allowing the fetch process to resume into do_fetch_pack() if copying is necessary. We aren't interested in the output of rev-list (a list of SHA-1 object names that are reachable) or its errors (a "spurious" error about an object not being found as we need to copy it) so we redirect both stdout and stderr to /dev/null. We run this git-rev-list based check before any fetch as we may already have the necessary objects local from a prior fetch. If we don't then its very likely the first $theirs object listed on the command line won't exist locally and git-rev-list will die very quickly, allowing us to start the network transfer. This test even on remote URLs may save bandwidth if someone runs `git pull origin`, sees a merge conflict, resets out, then redoes the same pull just a short time later. If the remote hasn't changed between the two pulls and the local repository hasn't had git-gc run in it then there is probably no need to perform network transfer as all of the objects are local. Documentation for the new quickfetch function was suggested and written by Junio, based on his original comment in git-fetch.sh. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
#include "run-command.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "sigchain.h"
#include "submodule-config.h"
#include "submodule.h"
#include "connected.h"
#include "strvec.h"
#include "utf8.h"
#include "packfile.h"
#include "list-objects-filter-options.h"
#include "commit-reach.h"
#include "branch.h"
#include "promisor-remote.h"
#include "commit-graph.h"
#include "shallow.h"
#define FORCED_UPDATES_DELAY_WARNING_IN_MS (10 * 1000)
static const char * const builtin_fetch_usage[] = {
N_("git fetch [<options>] [<repository> [<refspec>...]]"),
N_("git fetch [<options>] <group>"),
N_("git fetch --multiple [<options>] [(<repository> | <group>)...]"),
N_("git fetch --all [<options>]"),
NULL
};
enum {
TAGS_UNSET = 0,
TAGS_DEFAULT = 1,
TAGS_SET = 2
};
static int fetch_prune_config = -1; /* unspecified */
static int fetch_show_forced_updates = 1;
static uint64_t forced_updates_ms = 0;
fetch: add --prefetch option The --prefetch option will be used by the 'prefetch' maintenance task instead of sending refspecs explicitly across the command-line. The intention is to modify the refspec to place all results in refs/prefetch/ instead of anywhere else. Create helper method filter_prefetch_refspec() to modify a given refspec to fit the rules expected of the prefetch task: * Negative refspecs are preserved. * Refspecs without a destination are removed. * Refspecs whose source starts with "refs/tags/" are removed. * Other refspecs are placed within "refs/prefetch/". Finally, we add the 'force' option to ensure that prefetch refs are replaced as necessary. There are some interesting cases that are worth testing. An earlier version of this change dropped the "i--" from the loop that deletes a refspec item and shifts the remaining entries down. This allowed some refspecs to not be modified. The subtle part about the first --prefetch test is that the "refs/tags/*" refspec appears directly before the "refs/heads/bogus/*" refspec. Without that "i--", this ordering would remove the "refs/tags/*" refspec and leave the last one unmodified, placing the result in "refs/heads/*". It is possible to have an empty refspec. This is typically the case for remotes other than the origin, where users want to fetch a specific tag or branch. To correctly test this case, we need to further remove the upstream remote for the local branch. Thus, we are testing a refspec that will be deleted, leaving nothing to fetch. Helped-by: Tom Saeger <tom.saeger@oracle.com> Helped-by: Ramsay Jones <ramsay@ramsayjones.plus.com> Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
static int prefetch = 0;
static int prune = -1; /* unspecified */
#define PRUNE_BY_DEFAULT 0 /* do we prune by default? */
fetch: add a --prune-tags option and fetch.pruneTags config Add a --prune-tags option to git-fetch, along with fetch.pruneTags config option and a -P shorthand (-p is --prune). This allows for doing any of: git fetch -p -P git fetch --prune --prune-tags git fetch -p -P origin git fetch --prune --prune-tags origin Or simply: git config fetch.prune true && git config fetch.pruneTags true && git fetch Instead of the much more verbose: git fetch --prune origin 'refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*' '+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*' Before this feature it was painful to support the use-case of pulling from a repo which is having both its branches *and* tags deleted regularly, and have our local references to reflect upstream. At work we create deployment tags in the repo for each rollout, and there's *lots* of those, so they're archived within weeks for performance reasons. Without this change it's hard to centrally configure such repos in /etc/gitconfig (on servers that are only used for working with them). You need to set fetch.prune=true globally, and then for each repo: git -C {} config --replace-all remote.origin.fetch "refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*" "^\+*refs/tags/\*:refs/tags/\*$" Now I can simply set fetch.pruneTags=true in /etc/gitconfig as well, and users running "git pull" will automatically get the pruning semantics I want. Even though "git remote" has corresponding "prune" and "update --prune" subcommands I'm intentionally not adding a corresponding prune-tags or "update --prune --prune-tags" mode to that command. It's advertised (as noted in my recent "git remote doc: correct dangerous lies about what prune does") as only modifying remote tracking references, whereas any --prune-tags option is always going to modify what from the user's perspective is a local copy of the tag, since there's no such thing as a remote tracking tag. Ideally add_prune_tags_to_fetch_refspec() would be something that would use ALLOC_GROW() to grow the 'fetch` member of the 'remote' struct. Instead I'm realloc-ing remote->fetch and adding the tag_refspec to the end. The reason is that parse_{fetch,push}_refspec which allocate the refspec (ultimately remote->fetch) struct are called many places that don't have access to a 'remote' struct. It would be hard to change all their callsites to be amenable to carry around the bookkeeping variables required for dynamic allocation. All the other callers of the API first incrementally construct the string version of the refspec in remote->fetch_refspec via add_fetch_refspec(), before finally calling parse_fetch_refspec() via some variation of remote_get(). It's less of a pain to deal with the one special case that needs to modify already constructed refspecs than to chase down and change all the other callsites. The API I'm adding is intentionally not generalized because if we add more of these we'd probably want to re-visit how this is done. See my "Re: [BUG] git remote prune removes local tags, depending on fetch config" (87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com; https://public-inbox.org/git/87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com/) for more background info. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
5 years ago
static int fetch_prune_tags_config = -1; /* unspecified */
static int prune_tags = -1; /* unspecified */
#define PRUNE_TAGS_BY_DEFAULT 0 /* do we prune tags by default? */
static int all, append, dry_run, force, keep, multiple, update_head_ok;
static int write_fetch_head = 1;
static int verbosity, deepen_relative, set_upstream;
static int progress = -1;
static int enable_auto_gc = 1;
static int tags = TAGS_DEFAULT, unshallow, update_shallow, deepen;
static int max_jobs = -1, submodule_fetch_jobs_config = -1;
static int fetch_parallel_config = 1;
fetch: implement support for atomic reference updates When executing a fetch, then git will currently allocate one reference transaction per reference update and directly commit it. This means that fetches are non-atomic: even if some of the reference updates fail, others may still succeed and modify local references. This is fine in many scenarios, but this strategy has its downsides. - The view of remote references may be inconsistent and may show a bastardized state of the remote repository. - Batching together updates may improve performance in certain scenarios. While the impact probably isn't as pronounced with loose references, the upcoming reftable backend may benefit as it needs to write less files in case the update is batched. - The reference-update hook is currently being executed twice per updated reference. While this doesn't matter when there is no such hook, we have seen severe performance regressions when doing a git-fetch(1) with reference-transaction hook when the remote repository has hundreds of thousands of references. Similar to `git push --atomic`, this commit thus introduces atomic fetches. Instead of allocating one reference transaction per updated reference, it causes us to only allocate a single transaction and commit it as soon as all updates were received. If locking of any reference fails, then we abort the complete transaction and don't update any reference, which gives us an all-or-nothing fetch. Note that this may not completely fix the first of above downsides, as the consistent view also depends on the server-side. If the server doesn't have a consistent view of its own references during the reference negotiation phase, then the client would get the same inconsistent view the server has. This is a separate problem though and, if it actually exists, can be fixed at a later point. This commit also changes the way we write FETCH_HEAD in case `--atomic` is passed. Instead of writing changes as we go, we need to accumulate all changes first and only commit them at the end when we know that all reference updates succeeded. Ideally, we'd just do so via a temporary file so that we don't need to carry all updates in-memory. This isn't trivially doable though considering the `--append` mode, where we do not truncate the file but simply append to it. And given that we support concurrent processes appending to FETCH_HEAD at the same time without any loss of data, seeding the temporary file with current contents of FETCH_HEAD initially and then doing a rename wouldn't work either. So this commit implements the simple strategy of buffering all changes and appending them to the file on commit. Signed-off-by: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
static int atomic_fetch;
static enum transport_family family;
git-fetch: avoid local fetching from alternate (again) Back in e3c6f240fd9c5bdeb33f2d47adc859f37935e2df Junio taught git-fetch to avoid copying objects when we are fetching from a repository that is already registered as an alternate object database. In such a case there is no reason to copy any objects as we can already obtain them through the alternate. However we need to ensure the objects are all reachable, so we run `git rev-list --objects $theirs --not --all` to verify this. If any object is missing or unreadable then we need to fetch/copy the objects from the remote. When a missing object is detected the git-rev-list process will exit with a non-zero exit status, making this condition quite easy to detect. Although git-fetch is currently a builtin (and so is rev-list) we cannot invoke the traverse_objects() API at this point in the transport code. The object walker within traverse_objects() calls die() as soon as it finds an object it cannot read. If that happens we want to resume the fetch process by calling do_fetch_pack(). To get around this we spawn git-rev-list into a background process to prevent a die() from killing the foreground fetch process, thus allowing the fetch process to resume into do_fetch_pack() if copying is necessary. We aren't interested in the output of rev-list (a list of SHA-1 object names that are reachable) or its errors (a "spurious" error about an object not being found as we need to copy it) so we redirect both stdout and stderr to /dev/null. We run this git-rev-list based check before any fetch as we may already have the necessary objects local from a prior fetch. If we don't then its very likely the first $theirs object listed on the command line won't exist locally and git-rev-list will die very quickly, allowing us to start the network transfer. This test even on remote URLs may save bandwidth if someone runs `git pull origin`, sees a merge conflict, resets out, then redoes the same pull just a short time later. If the remote hasn't changed between the two pulls and the local repository hasn't had git-gc run in it then there is probably no need to perform network transfer as all of the objects are local. Documentation for the new quickfetch function was suggested and written by Junio, based on his original comment in git-fetch.sh. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
static const char *depth;
static const char *deepen_since;
static const char *upload_pack;
static struct string_list deepen_not = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static struct strbuf default_rla = STRBUF_INIT;
static struct transport *gtransport;
fetch: work around "transport-take-over" hack A Git-aware "connect" transport allows the "transport_take_over" to redirect generic transport requests like fetch(), push_refs() and get_refs_list() to the native Git transport handling methods. The take-over process replaces transport->data with a fake data that these method implementations understand. While this hack works OK for a single request, it breaks when the transport needs to make more than one requests. transport->data that used to hold necessary information for the specific helper to work correctly is destroyed during the take-over process. One codepath that this matters is "git fetch" in auto-follow mode; when it does not get all the tags that ought to point at the history it got (which can be determined by looking at the peeled tags in the initial advertisement) from the primary transfer, it internally makes a second request to complete the fetch. Because "take-over" hack has already destroyed the data necessary to talk to the transport helper by the time this happens, the second request cannot make a request to the helper to make another connection to fetch these additional tags. Mark such a transport as "cannot_reuse", and use a separate transport to perform the backfill fetch in order to work around this breakage. Note that this problem does not manifest itself when running t5802, because our upload-pack gives you all the necessary auto-followed tags during the primary transfer. You would need to step through "git fetch" in a debugger, stop immediately after the primary transfer finishes and writes these auto-followed tags, remove the tag references and repack/prune the repository to convince the "find-non-local-tags" procedure that the primary transfer failed to give us all the necessary tags, and then let it continue, in order to trigger the bug in the secondary transfer this patch fixes. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
9 years ago
static struct transport *gsecondary;
static const char *submodule_prefix = "";
static int recurse_submodules = RECURSE_SUBMODULES_DEFAULT;
static int recurse_submodules_default = RECURSE_SUBMODULES_ON_DEMAND;
static int shown_url = 0;
static struct refspec refmap = REFSPEC_INIT_FETCH;
static struct list_objects_filter_options filter_options;
static struct string_list server_options = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;
static struct string_list negotiation_tip = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
static int fetch_write_commit_graph = -1;
static int stdin_refspecs = 0;
fetch: teach independent negotiation (no packfile) Currently, the packfile negotiation step within a Git fetch cannot be done independent of sending the packfile, even though there is at least one application wherein this is useful. Therefore, make it possible for this negotiation step to be done independently. A subsequent commit will use this for one such application - push negotiation. This feature is for protocol v2 only. (An implementation for protocol v0 would require a separate implementation in the fetch, transport, and transport helper code.) In the protocol, the main hindrance towards independent negotiation is that the server can unilaterally decide to send the packfile. This is solved by a "wait-for-done" argument: the server will then wait for the client to say "done". In practice, the client will never say it; instead it will cease requests once it is satisfied. In the client, the main change lies in the transport and transport helper code. fetch_refs_via_pack() performs everything needed - protocol version and capability checks, and the negotiation itself. There are 2 code paths that do not go through fetch_refs_via_pack() that needed to be individually excluded: the bundle transport (excluded through requiring smart_options, which the bundle transport doesn't support) and transport helpers that do not support takeover. If or when we support independent negotiation for protocol v0, we will need to modify these 2 code paths to support it. But for now, report failure if independent negotiation is requested in these cases. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
static int negotiate_only;
static int git_fetch_config(const char *k, const char *v, void *cb)
{
if (!strcmp(k, "fetch.prune")) {
fetch_prune_config = git_config_bool(k, v);
return 0;
}
fetch: add a --prune-tags option and fetch.pruneTags config Add a --prune-tags option to git-fetch, along with fetch.pruneTags config option and a -P shorthand (-p is --prune). This allows for doing any of: git fetch -p -P git fetch --prune --prune-tags git fetch -p -P origin git fetch --prune --prune-tags origin Or simply: git config fetch.prune true && git config fetch.pruneTags true && git fetch Instead of the much more verbose: git fetch --prune origin 'refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*' '+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*' Before this feature it was painful to support the use-case of pulling from a repo which is having both its branches *and* tags deleted regularly, and have our local references to reflect upstream. At work we create deployment tags in the repo for each rollout, and there's *lots* of those, so they're archived within weeks for performance reasons. Without this change it's hard to centrally configure such repos in /etc/gitconfig (on servers that are only used for working with them). You need to set fetch.prune=true globally, and then for each repo: git -C {} config --replace-all remote.origin.fetch "refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*" "^\+*refs/tags/\*:refs/tags/\*$" Now I can simply set fetch.pruneTags=true in /etc/gitconfig as well, and users running "git pull" will automatically get the pruning semantics I want. Even though "git remote" has corresponding "prune" and "update --prune" subcommands I'm intentionally not adding a corresponding prune-tags or "update --prune --prune-tags" mode to that command. It's advertised (as noted in my recent "git remote doc: correct dangerous lies about what prune does") as only modifying remote tracking references, whereas any --prune-tags option is always going to modify what from the user's perspective is a local copy of the tag, since there's no such thing as a remote tracking tag. Ideally add_prune_tags_to_fetch_refspec() would be something that would use ALLOC_GROW() to grow the 'fetch` member of the 'remote' struct. Instead I'm realloc-ing remote->fetch and adding the tag_refspec to the end. The reason is that parse_{fetch,push}_refspec which allocate the refspec (ultimately remote->fetch) struct are called many places that don't have access to a 'remote' struct. It would be hard to change all their callsites to be amenable to carry around the bookkeeping variables required for dynamic allocation. All the other callers of the API first incrementally construct the string version of the refspec in remote->fetch_refspec via add_fetch_refspec(), before finally calling parse_fetch_refspec() via some variation of remote_get(). It's less of a pain to deal with the one special case that needs to modify already constructed refspecs than to chase down and change all the other callsites. The API I'm adding is intentionally not generalized because if we add more of these we'd probably want to re-visit how this is done. See my "Re: [BUG] git remote prune removes local tags, depending on fetch config" (87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com; https://public-inbox.org/git/87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com/) for more background info. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
5 years ago
if (!strcmp(k, "fetch.prunetags")) {
fetch_prune_tags_config = git_config_bool(k, v);
return 0;
}
if (!strcmp(k, "fetch.showforcedupdates")) {
fetch_show_forced_updates = git_config_bool(k, v);
return 0;
}
if (!strcmp(k, "submodule.recurse")) {
int r = git_config_bool(k, v) ?
RECURSE_SUBMODULES_ON : RECURSE_SUBMODULES_OFF;
recurse_submodules = r;
}
if (!strcmp(k, "submodule.fetchjobs")) {
submodule_fetch_jobs_config = parse_submodule_fetchjobs(k, v);
return 0;
} else if (!strcmp(k, "fetch.recursesubmodules")) {
recurse_submodules = parse_fetch_recurse_submodules_arg(k, v);
return 0;
}
if (!strcmp(k, "fetch.parallel")) {
fetch_parallel_config = git_config_int(k, v);
if (fetch_parallel_config < 0)
die(_("fetch.parallel cannot be negative"));
return 0;
}
return git_default_config(k, v, cb);
}
static int parse_refmap_arg(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
{
assert NOARG/NONEG behavior of parse-options callbacks When we define a parse-options callback, the flags we put in the option struct must match what the callback expects. For example, a callback which does not handle the "unset" parameter should only be used with PARSE_OPT_NONEG. But since the callback and the option struct are not defined next to each other, it's easy to get this wrong (as earlier patches in this series show). Fortunately, the compiler can help us here: compiling with -Wunused-parameters can show us which callbacks ignore their "unset" parameters (and likewise, ones that ignore "arg" expect to be triggered with PARSE_OPT_NOARG). But after we've inspected a callback and determined that all of its callers use the right flags, what do we do next? We'd like to silence the compiler warning, but do so in a way that will catch any wrong calls in the future. We can do that by actually checking those variables and asserting that they match our expectations. Because this is such a common pattern, we'll introduce some helper macros. The resulting messages aren't as descriptive as we could make them, but the file/line information from BUG() is enough to identify the problem (and anyway, the point is that these should never be seen). Each of the annotated callbacks in this patch triggers -Wunused-parameters, and was manually inspected to make sure all callers use the correct options (so none of these BUGs should be triggerable). Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
4 years ago
BUG_ON_OPT_NEG(unset);
/*
* "git fetch --refmap='' origin foo"
* can be used to tell the command not to store anywhere
*/
refspec_append(&refmap, arg);
return 0;
}
static struct option builtin_fetch_options[] = {
OPT__VERBOSITY(&verbosity),
OPT_BOOL(0, "all", &all,
N_("fetch from all remotes")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "set-upstream", &set_upstream,
N_("set upstream for git pull/fetch")),
OPT_BOOL('a', "append", &append,
N_("append to .git/FETCH_HEAD instead of overwriting")),
fetch: implement support for atomic reference updates When executing a fetch, then git will currently allocate one reference transaction per reference update and directly commit it. This means that fetches are non-atomic: even if some of the reference updates fail, others may still succeed and modify local references. This is fine in many scenarios, but this strategy has its downsides. - The view of remote references may be inconsistent and may show a bastardized state of the remote repository. - Batching together updates may improve performance in certain scenarios. While the impact probably isn't as pronounced with loose references, the upcoming reftable backend may benefit as it needs to write less files in case the update is batched. - The reference-update hook is currently being executed twice per updated reference. While this doesn't matter when there is no such hook, we have seen severe performance regressions when doing a git-fetch(1) with reference-transaction hook when the remote repository has hundreds of thousands of references. Similar to `git push --atomic`, this commit thus introduces atomic fetches. Instead of allocating one reference transaction per updated reference, it causes us to only allocate a single transaction and commit it as soon as all updates were received. If locking of any reference fails, then we abort the complete transaction and don't update any reference, which gives us an all-or-nothing fetch. Note that this may not completely fix the first of above downsides, as the consistent view also depends on the server-side. If the server doesn't have a consistent view of its own references during the reference negotiation phase, then the client would get the same inconsistent view the server has. This is a separate problem though and, if it actually exists, can be fixed at a later point. This commit also changes the way we write FETCH_HEAD in case `--atomic` is passed. Instead of writing changes as we go, we need to accumulate all changes first and only commit them at the end when we know that all reference updates succeeded. Ideally, we'd just do so via a temporary file so that we don't need to carry all updates in-memory. This isn't trivially doable though considering the `--append` mode, where we do not truncate the file but simply append to it. And given that we support concurrent processes appending to FETCH_HEAD at the same time without any loss of data, seeding the temporary file with current contents of FETCH_HEAD initially and then doing a rename wouldn't work either. So this commit implements the simple strategy of buffering all changes and appending them to the file on commit. Signed-off-by: Patrick Steinhardt <ps@pks.im> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
OPT_BOOL(0, "atomic", &atomic_fetch,
N_("use atomic transaction to update references")),
OPT_STRING(0, "upload-pack", &upload_pack, N_("path"),
N_("path to upload pack on remote end")),
OPT__FORCE(&force, N_("force overwrite of local reference"), 0),
OPT_BOOL('m', "multiple", &multiple,
N_("fetch from multiple remotes")),
OPT_SET_INT('t', "tags", &tags,
N_("fetch all tags and associated objects"), TAGS_SET),
OPT_SET_INT('n', NULL, &tags,
N_("do not fetch all tags (--no-tags)"), TAGS_UNSET),
OPT_INTEGER('j', "jobs", &max_jobs,
N_("number of submodules fetched in parallel")),
fetch: add --prefetch option The --prefetch option will be used by the 'prefetch' maintenance task instead of sending refspecs explicitly across the command-line. The intention is to modify the refspec to place all results in refs/prefetch/ instead of anywhere else. Create helper method filter_prefetch_refspec() to modify a given refspec to fit the rules expected of the prefetch task: * Negative refspecs are preserved. * Refspecs without a destination are removed. * Refspecs whose source starts with "refs/tags/" are removed. * Other refspecs are placed within "refs/prefetch/". Finally, we add the 'force' option to ensure that prefetch refs are replaced as necessary. There are some interesting cases that are worth testing. An earlier version of this change dropped the "i--" from the loop that deletes a refspec item and shifts the remaining entries down. This allowed some refspecs to not be modified. The subtle part about the first --prefetch test is that the "refs/tags/*" refspec appears directly before the "refs/heads/bogus/*" refspec. Without that "i--", this ordering would remove the "refs/tags/*" refspec and leave the last one unmodified, placing the result in "refs/heads/*". It is possible to have an empty refspec. This is typically the case for remotes other than the origin, where users want to fetch a specific tag or branch. To correctly test this case, we need to further remove the upstream remote for the local branch. Thus, we are testing a refspec that will be deleted, leaving nothing to fetch. Helped-by: Tom Saeger <tom.saeger@oracle.com> Helped-by: Ramsay Jones <ramsay@ramsayjones.plus.com> Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
OPT_BOOL(0, "prefetch", &prefetch,
N_("modify the refspec to place all refs within refs/prefetch/")),
OPT_BOOL('p', "prune", &prune,
N_("prune remote-tracking branches no longer on remote")),
fetch: add a --prune-tags option and fetch.pruneTags config Add a --prune-tags option to git-fetch, along with fetch.pruneTags config option and a -P shorthand (-p is --prune). This allows for doing any of: git fetch -p -P git fetch --prune --prune-tags git fetch -p -P origin git fetch --prune --prune-tags origin Or simply: git config fetch.prune true && git config fetch.pruneTags true && git fetch Instead of the much more verbose: git fetch --prune origin 'refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*' '+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*' Before this feature it was painful to support the use-case of pulling from a repo which is having both its branches *and* tags deleted regularly, and have our local references to reflect upstream. At work we create deployment tags in the repo for each rollout, and there's *lots* of those, so they're archived within weeks for performance reasons. Without this change it's hard to centrally configure such repos in /etc/gitconfig (on servers that are only used for working with them). You need to set fetch.prune=true globally, and then for each repo: git -C {} config --replace-all remote.origin.fetch "refs/tags/*:refs/tags/*" "^\+*refs/tags/\*:refs/tags/\*$" Now I can simply set fetch.pruneTags=true in /etc/gitconfig as well, and users running "git pull" will automatically get the pruning semantics I want. Even though "git remote" has corresponding "prune" and "update --prune" subcommands I'm intentionally not adding a corresponding prune-tags or "update --prune --prune-tags" mode to that command. It's advertised (as noted in my recent "git remote doc: correct dangerous lies about what prune does") as only modifying remote tracking references, whereas any --prune-tags option is always going to modify what from the user's perspective is a local copy of the tag, since there's no such thing as a remote tracking tag. Ideally add_prune_tags_to_fetch_refspec() would be something that would use ALLOC_GROW() to grow the 'fetch` member of the 'remote' struct. Instead I'm realloc-ing remote->fetch and adding the tag_refspec to the end. The reason is that parse_{fetch,push}_refspec which allocate the refspec (ultimately remote->fetch) struct are called many places that don't have access to a 'remote' struct. It would be hard to change all their callsites to be amenable to carry around the bookkeeping variables required for dynamic allocation. All the other callers of the API first incrementally construct the string version of the refspec in remote->fetch_refspec via add_fetch_refspec(), before finally calling parse_fetch_refspec() via some variation of remote_get(). It's less of a pain to deal with the one special case that needs to modify already constructed refspecs than to chase down and change all the other callsites. The API I'm adding is intentionally not generalized because if we add more of these we'd probably want to re-visit how this is done. See my "Re: [BUG] git remote prune removes local tags, depending on fetch config" (87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com; https://public-inbox.org/git/87po6ahx87.fsf@evledraar.gmail.com/) for more background info. Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
5 years ago
OPT_BOOL('P', "prune-tags", &prune_tags,
N_("prune local tags no longer on remote and clobber changed tags")),
OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "recurse-submodules", &recurse_submodules, N_("on-demand"),
N_("control recursive fetching of submodules"),
PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, option_fetch_parse_recurse_submodules),
OPT_BOOL(0, "dry-run", &dry_run,
N_("dry run")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "write-fetch-head", &write_fetch_head,
N_("write fetched references to the FETCH_HEAD file")),
OPT_BOOL('k', "keep", &keep, N_("keep downloaded pack")),
OPT_BOOL('u', "update-head-ok", &update_head_ok,
N_("allow updating of HEAD ref")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "progress", &progress, N_("force progress reporting")),
OPT_STRING(0, "depth", &depth, N_("depth"),
N_("deepen history of shallow clone")),
OPT_STRING(0, "shallow-since", &deepen_since, N_("time"),
N_("deepen history of shallow repository based on time")),
OPT_STRING_LIST(0, "shallow-exclude", &deepen_not, N_("revision"),
N_("deepen history of shallow clone, excluding rev")),
fetch, upload-pack: --deepen=N extends shallow boundary by N commits In git-fetch, --depth argument is always relative with the latest remote refs. This makes it a bit difficult to cover this use case, where the user wants to make the shallow history, say 3 levels deeper. It would work if remote refs have not moved yet, but nobody can guarantee that, especially when that use case is performed a couple months after the last clone or "git fetch --depth". Also, modifying shallow boundary using --depth does not work well with clones created by --since or --not. This patch fixes that. A new argument --deepen=<N> will add <N> more (*) parent commits to the current history regardless of where remote refs are. Have/Want negotiation is still respected. So if remote refs move, the server will send two chunks: one between "have" and "want" and another to extend shallow history. In theory, the client could send no "want"s in order to get the second chunk only. But the protocol does not allow that. Either you send no want lines, which means ls-remote; or you have to send at least one want line that carries deep-relative to the server.. The main work was done by Dongcan Jiang. I fixed it up here and there. And of course all the bugs belong to me. (*) We could even support --deepen=<N> where <N> is negative. In that case we can cut some history from the shallow clone. This operation (and --depth=<shorter depth>) does not require interaction with remote side (and more complicated to implement as a result). Helped-by: Duy Nguyen <pclouds@gmail.com> Helped-by: Eric Sunshine <sunshine@sunshineco.com> Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Dongcan Jiang <dongcan.jiang@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Nguyễn Thái Ngọc Duy <pclouds@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
7 years ago
OPT_INTEGER(0, "deepen", &deepen_relative,
N_("deepen history of shallow clone")),
OPT_SET_INT_F(0, "unshallow", &unshallow,
N_("convert to a complete repository"),
1, PARSE_OPT_NONEG),
{ OPTION_STRING, 0, "submodule-prefix", &submodule_prefix, N_("dir"),
N_("prepend this to submodule path output"), PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN },
OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "recurse-submodules-default",
&recurse_submodules_default, N_("on-demand"),
N_("default for recursive fetching of submodules "
"(lower priority than config files)"),
PARSE_OPT_HIDDEN, option_fetch_parse_recurse_submodules),
OPT_BOOL(0, "update-shallow", &update_shallow,
N_("accept refs that update .git/shallow")),
OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "refmap", NULL, N_("refmap"),
N_("specify fetch refmap"), PARSE_OPT_NONEG, parse_refmap_arg),
OPT_STRING_LIST('o', "server-option", &server_options, N_("server-specific"), N_("option to transmit")),
OPT_SET_INT('4', "ipv4", &family, N_("use IPv4 addresses only"),
TRANSPORT_FAMILY_IPV4),
OPT_SET_INT('6', "ipv6", &family, N_("use IPv6 addresses only"),
TRANSPORT_FAMILY_IPV6),
OPT_STRING_LIST(0, "negotiation-tip", &negotiation_tip, N_("revision"),
N_("report that we have only objects reachable from this object")),
fetch: teach independent negotiation (no packfile) Currently, the packfile negotiation step within a Git fetch cannot be done independent of sending the packfile, even though there is at least one application wherein this is useful. Therefore, make it possible for this negotiation step to be done independently. A subsequent commit will use this for one such application - push negotiation. This feature is for protocol v2 only. (An implementation for protocol v0 would require a separate implementation in the fetch, transport, and transport helper code.) In the protocol, the main hindrance towards independent negotiation is that the server can unilaterally decide to send the packfile. This is solved by a "wait-for-done" argument: the server will then wait for the client to say "done". In practice, the client will never say it; instead it will cease requests once it is satisfied. In the client, the main change lies in the transport and transport helper code. fetch_refs_via_pack() performs everything needed - protocol version and capability checks, and the negotiation itself. There are 2 code paths that do not go through fetch_refs_via_pack() that needed to be individually excluded: the bundle transport (excluded through requiring smart_options, which the bundle transport doesn't support) and transport helpers that do not support takeover. If or when we support independent negotiation for protocol v0, we will need to modify these 2 code paths to support it. But for now, report failure if independent negotiation is requested in these cases. Signed-off-by: Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
OPT_BOOL(0, "negotiate-only", &negotiate_only,
N_("do not fetch a packfile; instead, print ancestors of negotiation tips")),
OPT_PARSE_LIST_OBJECTS_FILTER(&filter_options),
OPT_BOOL(0, "auto-maintenance", &enable_auto_gc,
N_("run 'maintenance --auto' after fetching")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "auto-gc", &enable_auto_gc,
N_("run 'maintenance --auto' after fetching")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "show-forced-updates", &fetch_show_forced_updates,
N_("check for forced-updates on all updated branches")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "write-commit-graph", &fetch_write_commit_graph,
N_("write the commit-graph after fetching")),
OPT_BOOL(0, "stdin", &stdin_refspecs,
N_("accept refspecs from stdin")),
OPT_END()
};
static void unlock_pack(void)
{
if (gtransport)
transport_unlock_pack(gtransport);
fetch: work around "transport-take-over" hack A Git-aware "connect" transport allows the "transport_take_over" to redirect generic transport requests like fetch(), push_refs() and get_refs_list() to the native Git transport handling methods. The take-over process replaces transport->data with a fake data that these method implementations understand. While this hack works OK for a single request, it breaks when the transport needs to make more than one requests. transport->data that used to hold necessary information for the specific helper to work correctly is destroyed during the take-over process. One codepath that this matters is "git fetch" in auto-follow mode; when it does not get all the tags that ought to point at the history it got (which can be determined by looking at the peeled tags in the initial advertisement) from the primary transfer, it internally makes a second request to complete the fetch. Because "take-over" hack has already destroyed the data necessary to talk to the transport helper by the time this happens, the second request cannot make a request to the helper to make another connection to fetch these additional tags. Mark such a transport as "cannot_reuse", and use a separate transport to perform the backfill fetch in order to work around this breakage. Note that this problem does not manifest itself when running t5802, because our upload-pack gives you all the necessary auto-followed tags during the primary transfer. You would need to step through "git fetch" in a debugger, stop immediately after the primary transfer finishes and writes these auto-followed tags, remove the tag references and repack/prune the repository to convince the "find-non-local-tags" procedure that the primary transfer failed to give us all the necessary tags, and then let it continue, in order to trigger the bug in the secondary transfer this patch fixes. Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
9 years ago
if (gsecondary)
transport_unlock_pack(gsecondary);
}
static void unlock_pack_on_signal(int signo)
{
unlock_pack();
sigchain_pop(signo);
raise(signo);
}
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
static void add_merge_config(struct ref **head,
const struct ref *remote_refs,
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
struct branch *branch,
struct ref ***tail)
{
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
int i;
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
for (i = 0; i < branch->merge_nr; i++) {
struct ref *rm, **old_tail = *tail;
struct refspec_item refspec;
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
for (rm = *head; rm; rm = rm->next) {
if (branch_merge_matches(branch, i, rm->name)) {
rm->fetch_head_status = FETCH_HEAD_MERGE;
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
break;
}
}
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
if (rm)
continue;
/*
* Not fetched to a remote-tracking branch? We need to fetch
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
* it anyway to allow this branch's "branch.$name.merge"
* to be honored by 'git pull', but we do not have to
* fail if branch.$name.merge is misconfigured to point
* at a nonexisting branch. If we were indeed called by
* 'git pull', it will notice the misconfiguration because
* there is no entry in the resulting FETCH_HEAD marked
* for merging.
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
*/
memset(&refspec, 0, sizeof(refspec));
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
refspec.src = branch->merge[i]->src;
get_fetch_map(remote_refs, &refspec, tail, 1);
Correct handling of branch.$name.merge in builtin-fetch My prior bug fix for git-push titled "Don't configure remote "." to fetch everything to itself" actually broke t5520 as we were unable to evaluate a branch configuration of: [branch "copy"] remote = . merge = refs/heads/master as remote "." did not have a "remote...fetch" configuration entry to offer up refs/heads/master as a possible candidate available to be fetched and merged. In shell script git-fetch and prior to the above mentioned commit this was hardcoded for a url of "." to be the set of local branches. Chasing down this bug led me to the conclusion that our prior behavior with regards to branch.$name.merge was incorrect. In the shell script based git-fetch implementation we only fetched and merged a branch if it appeared both in branch.$name.merge *and* in remote.$r.fetch, where $r = branch.$name.remote. In other words in the following config file: [remote "origin"] url = git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git fetch = refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master [branch "master"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/master [branch "pu"] remote = origin merge = refs/heads/pu Attempting to run `git pull` while on branch "pu" would always give the user "Already up-to-date" as git-fetch did not fetch pu and thus did not mark it for merge in .git/FETCH_HEAD. The configured merge would always be ignored and the user would be left scratching her confused head wondering why merge did not work on "pu" but worked fine on "master". If we are using the "default fetch" specification for the current branch and the current branch has a branch.$name.merge configured we now union it with the list of refs in remote.$r.fetch. This way the above configuration does what the user expects it to do, which is to fetch only "master" by default but when on "pu" to fetch both "master" and "pu". This uncovered some breakage in the test suite where old-style Cogito branches (.git/branches/$r) did not fetch the branches listed in .git/config for merging and thus did not actually merge them if the user tried to use `git pull` on that branch. Junio and I discussed it on list and felt that the union approach here makes more sense to DWIM for the end-user than silently ignoring their configured request so the test vectors for t5515 have been updated to include for-merge lines in .git/FETCH_HEAD where they have been configured for-merge in .git/config. Since we are now performing a union of the fetch specification and the merge specification and we cannot allow a branch to be listed twice (otherwise it comes out twice in .git/FETCH_HEAD) we need to perform a double loop here over all of the branch.$name.merge lines and try to set their merge flag if we have already schedule that branch for fetching by remote.$r.fetch. If no match is found then we must add new specifications to fetch the branch but not store it as no local tracking branch has been designated. Signed-off-by: Shawn O. Pearce <spearce@spearce.org>
15 years ago
for (rm = *old_tail; rm; rm = rm->next)
rm->fetch_head_status = FETCH_HEAD_MERGE;
}
}
static void create_fetch_oidset(struct ref **head, struct oidset *out)
{
struct ref *rm = *head;
while (rm) {
oidset_insert(out, &rm->old_oid);
rm = rm->next;
}
}
struct refname_hash_entry {
struct hashmap_entry ent;
struct object_id oid;
int ignore;
char refname[FLEX_ARRAY];
};
static int refname_hash_entry_cmp(const void *hashmap_cmp_fn_data,
const struct hashmap_entry *eptr,
const struct hashmap_entry *entry_or_key,
const void *keydata)
{
const struct refname_hash_entry *e1, *e2;
e1 = container_of(eptr, const struct refname_hash_entry, ent);
e2 = container_of(entry_or_key, const struct refname_hash_entry, ent);
return strcmp(e1->refname, keydata ? keydata : e2->refname);
}
static struct refname_hash_entry *refname_hash_add(struct hashmap *map,
const char *refname,
const struct object_id *oid)
{
struct refname_hash_entry *ent;
size_t len = strlen(refname);
FLEX_ALLOC_MEM(ent, refname, refname, len);
hashmap_entry_init(&ent->ent, strhash(refname));
oidcpy(&ent->oid, oid);
hashmap_add(map, &ent->ent);
return ent;
}
static int add_one_refname(const char *refname,
const struct object_id *oid,
int flag, void *cbdata)
{
struct hashmap *refname_map = cbdata;
(void) refname_hash_add(refname_map, refname, oid);
return 0;
}
static void refname_hash_init(struct hashmap *map)
{
hashmap_init(map, refname_hash_entry_cmp, NULL, 0);
}
static int refname_hash_exists(struct hashmap *map, const char *refname)
{
return !!hashmap_get_from_hash(map, strhash(refname), refname);
}
static void clear_item(struct refname_hash_entry *item)
{
item->ignore = 1;
}
static void find_non_local_tags(const struct ref *refs,
struct ref **head,
struct ref ***tail)
{
struct hashmap existing_refs;
struct hashmap remote_refs;
struct oidset fetch_oids = OIDSET_INIT;
struct string_list remote_refs_list = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;
struct string_list_item *remote_ref_item;
const struct ref *ref;
struct refname_hash_entry *item = NULL;
const int quick_flags = OBJECT_INFO_QUICK | OBJECT_INFO_SKIP_FETCH_OBJECT;
refname_hash_init(&existing_refs);
refname_hash_init(&remote_refs);
create_fetch_oidset(head, &fetch_oids);
for_each_ref(add_one_refname, &existing_refs);
for (ref = refs; ref; ref = ref->next) {
if (!starts_with(ref->name, "refs/tags/"))
continue;
/*
* The peeled ref always follows the matching base
* ref, so if we see a peeled ref that we don't want
* to fetch then we can mark the ref entry in the list
* as one to ignore by setting util to NULL.
*/
if (ends_with(ref->name, "^{}")) {
fetch: use "quick" has_sha1_file for tag following When we auto-follow tags in a fetch, we look at all of the tags advertised by the remote and fetch ones where we don't already have the tag, but we do have the object it peels to. This involves a lot of calls to has_sha1_file(), some of which we can reasonably expect to fail. Since 45e8a74 (has_sha1_file: re-check pack directory before giving up, 2013-08-30), this may cause many calls to reprepare_packed_git(), which is potentially expensive. This has gone unnoticed for several years because it requires a fairly unique setup to matter: 1. You need to have a lot of packs on the client side to make reprepare_packed_git() expensive (the most expensive part is finding duplicates in an unsorted list, which is currently quadratic). 2. You need a large number of tag refs on the server side that are candidates for auto-following (i.e., that the client doesn't have). Each one triggers a re-read of the pack directory. 3. Under normal circumstances, the client would auto-follow those tags and after one large fetch, (2) would no longer be true. But if those tags point to history which is disconnected from what the client otherwise fetches, then it will never auto-follow, and those candidates will impact it on every fetch. So when all three are true, each fetch pays an extra O(nr_tags * nr_packs^2) cost, mostly in string comparisons on the pack names. This was exacerbated by 47bf4b0 (prepare_packed_git_one: refactor duplicate-pack check, 2014-06-30) which uses a slightly more expensive string check, under the assumption that the duplicate check doesn't happen very often (and it shouldn't; the real problem here is how often we are calling reprepare_packed_git()). This patch teaches fetch to use HAS_SHA1_QUICK to sacrifice accuracy for speed, in cases where we might be racy with a simultaneous repack. This is similar to the fix in 0eeb077 (index-pack: avoid excessive re-reading of pack directory, 2015-06-09). As with that case, it's OK for has_sha1_file() occasionally say "no I don't have it" when we do, because the worst case is not a corruption, but simply that we may fail to auto-follow a tag that points to it. Here are results from the included perf script, which sets up a situation similar to the one described above: Test HEAD^ HEAD ---------------------------------------------------------- 5550.4: fetch 11.21(10.42+0.78) 0.08(0.04+0.02) -99.3% Reported-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
6 years ago
if (item &&
!has_object_file_with_flags(&ref->old_oid, quick_flags) &&
!oidset_contains(&fetch_oids, &ref->old_oid) &&
!has_object_file_with_flags(&item->oid, quick_flags) &&
!oidset_contains(&fetch_oids, &item->oid))
clear_item(item);