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git/advice.c

113 lines
3.3 KiB

#include "cache.h"
int advice_push_update_rejected = 1;
push: Provide situational hints for non-fast-forward errors Pushing a non-fast-forward update to a remote repository will result in an error, but the hint text doesn't provide the correct resolution in every case. Give better resolution advice in three push scenarios: 1) If you push your current branch and it triggers a non-fast-forward error, you should merge remote changes with 'git pull' before pushing again. 2) If you push to a shared repository others push to, and your local tracking branches are not kept up to date, the 'matching refs' default will generate non-fast-forward errors on outdated branches. If this is your workflow, the 'matching refs' default is not for you. Consider setting the 'push.default' configuration variable to 'current' or 'upstream' to ensure only your current branch is pushed. 3) If you explicitly specify a ref that is not your current branch or push matching branches with ':', you will generate a non-fast-forward error if any pushed branch tip is out of date. You should checkout the offending branch and merge remote changes before pushing again. Teach transport.c to recognize these scenarios and configure push.c to hint for them. If 'git push's default behavior changes or we discover more scenarios, extension is easy. Standardize on the advice API and add three new advice variables, 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault', and 'pushNonFFMatching'. Setting any of these to 'false' will disable their affiliated advice. Setting 'pushNonFastForward' to false will disable all three, thus preserving the config option for users who already set it, but guaranteeing new users won't disable push advice accidentally. Based-on-patch-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Christopher Tiwald <christiwald@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
11 years ago
int advice_push_non_ff_current = 1;
int advice_push_non_ff_default = 1;
int advice_push_non_ff_matching = 1;
int advice_push_already_exists = 1;
push: introduce REJECT_FETCH_FIRST and REJECT_NEEDS_FORCE When we push to update an existing ref, if: * the object at the tip of the remote is not a commit; or * the object we are pushing is not a commit, it won't be correct to suggest to fetch, integrate and push again, as the old and new objects will not "merge". We should explain that the push must be forced when there is a non-committish object is involved in such a case. If we do not have the current object at the tip of the remote, we do not even know that object, when fetched, is something that can be merged. In such a case, suggesting to pull first just like non-fast-forward case may not be technically correct, but in practice, most such failures are seen when you try to push your work to a branch without knowing that somebody else already pushed to update the same branch since you forked, so "pull first" would work as a suggestion most of the time. And if the object at the tip is not a commit, "pull first" will fail, without making any permanent damage. As a side effect, it also makes the error message the user will get during the next "push" attempt easier to understand, now the user is aware that a non-commit object is involved. In these cases, the current code already rejects such a push on the client end, but we used the same error and advice messages as the ones used when rejecting a non-fast-forward push, i.e. pull from there and integrate before pushing again. Introduce new rejection reasons and reword the messages appropriately. [jc: with help by Peff on message details] Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
10 years ago
int advice_push_fetch_first = 1;
int advice_push_needs_force = 1;
int advice_status_hints = 1;
int advice_status_u_option = 1;
int advice_commit_before_merge = 1;
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
int advice_resolve_conflict = 1;
int advice_implicit_identity = 1;
int advice_detached_head = 1;
int advice_set_upstream_failure = 1;
int advice_object_name_warning = 1;
int advice_rm_hints = 1;
static struct {
const char *name;
int *preference;
} advice_config[] = {
{ "pushupdaterejected", &advice_push_update_rejected },
push: Provide situational hints for non-fast-forward errors Pushing a non-fast-forward update to a remote repository will result in an error, but the hint text doesn't provide the correct resolution in every case. Give better resolution advice in three push scenarios: 1) If you push your current branch and it triggers a non-fast-forward error, you should merge remote changes with 'git pull' before pushing again. 2) If you push to a shared repository others push to, and your local tracking branches are not kept up to date, the 'matching refs' default will generate non-fast-forward errors on outdated branches. If this is your workflow, the 'matching refs' default is not for you. Consider setting the 'push.default' configuration variable to 'current' or 'upstream' to ensure only your current branch is pushed. 3) If you explicitly specify a ref that is not your current branch or push matching branches with ':', you will generate a non-fast-forward error if any pushed branch tip is out of date. You should checkout the offending branch and merge remote changes before pushing again. Teach transport.c to recognize these scenarios and configure push.c to hint for them. If 'git push's default behavior changes or we discover more scenarios, extension is easy. Standardize on the advice API and add three new advice variables, 'pushNonFFCurrent', 'pushNonFFDefault', and 'pushNonFFMatching'. Setting any of these to 'false' will disable their affiliated advice. Setting 'pushNonFastForward' to false will disable all three, thus preserving the config option for users who already set it, but guaranteeing new users won't disable push advice accidentally. Based-on-patch-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Christopher Tiwald <christiwald@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
11 years ago
{ "pushnonffcurrent", &advice_push_non_ff_current },
{ "pushnonffdefault", &advice_push_non_ff_default },
{ "pushnonffmatching", &advice_push_non_ff_matching },
{ "pushalreadyexists", &advice_push_already_exists },
push: introduce REJECT_FETCH_FIRST and REJECT_NEEDS_FORCE When we push to update an existing ref, if: * the object at the tip of the remote is not a commit; or * the object we are pushing is not a commit, it won't be correct to suggest to fetch, integrate and push again, as the old and new objects will not "merge". We should explain that the push must be forced when there is a non-committish object is involved in such a case. If we do not have the current object at the tip of the remote, we do not even know that object, when fetched, is something that can be merged. In such a case, suggesting to pull first just like non-fast-forward case may not be technically correct, but in practice, most such failures are seen when you try to push your work to a branch without knowing that somebody else already pushed to update the same branch since you forked, so "pull first" would work as a suggestion most of the time. And if the object at the tip is not a commit, "pull first" will fail, without making any permanent damage. As a side effect, it also makes the error message the user will get during the next "push" attempt easier to understand, now the user is aware that a non-commit object is involved. In these cases, the current code already rejects such a push on the client end, but we used the same error and advice messages as the ones used when rejecting a non-fast-forward push, i.e. pull from there and integrate before pushing again. Introduce new rejection reasons and reword the messages appropriately. [jc: with help by Peff on message details] Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
10 years ago
{ "pushfetchfirst", &advice_push_fetch_first },
{ "pushneedsforce", &advice_push_needs_force },
{ "statushints", &advice_status_hints },
{ "statusuoption", &advice_status_u_option },
{ "commitbeforemerge", &advice_commit_before_merge },
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
{ "resolveconflict", &advice_resolve_conflict },
{ "implicitidentity", &advice_implicit_identity },
{ "detachedhead", &advice_detached_head },
{ "setupstreamfailure", &advice_set_upstream_failure },
{ "objectnamewarning", &advice_object_name_warning },
{ "rmhints", &advice_rm_hints },
/* make this an alias for backward compatibility */
{ "pushnonfastforward", &advice_push_update_rejected }
};
void advise(const char *advice, ...)
{
struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
va_list params;
const char *cp, *np;
va_start(params, advice);
strbuf_vaddf(&buf, advice, params);
va_end(params);
for (cp = buf.buf; *cp; cp = np) {
np = strchrnul(cp, '\n');
fprintf(stderr, _("hint: %.*s\n"), (int)(np - cp), cp);
if (*np)
np++;
}
strbuf_release(&buf);
}
int git_default_advice_config(const char *var, const char *value)
{
const char *k = skip_prefix(var, "advice.");
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(advice_config); i++) {
if (strcmp(k, advice_config[i].name))
continue;
*advice_config[i].preference = git_config_bool(var, value);
return 0;
}
return 0;
}
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
int error_resolve_conflict(const char *me)
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
{
error("'%s' is not possible because you have unmerged files.", me);
if (advice_resolve_conflict)
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
/*
* Message used both when 'git commit' fails and when
* other commands doing a merge do.
*/
advise(_("Fix them up in the work tree,\n"
"and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as\n"
"appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit,\n"
"or use 'git commit -a'."));
return -1;
}
void NORETURN die_resolve_conflict(const char *me)
{
error_resolve_conflict(me);
die("Exiting because of an unresolved conflict.");
Be more user-friendly when refusing to do something because of conflict. Various commands refuse to run in the presence of conflicts (commit, merge, pull, cherry-pick/revert). They all used to provide rough, and inconsistant error messages. A new variable advice.resolveconflict is introduced, and allows more verbose messages, pointing the user to the appropriate solution. For commit, the error message used to look like this: $ git commit foo.txt: needs merge foo.txt: unmerged (c34a92682e0394bc0d6f4d4a67a8e2d32395c169) foo.txt: unmerged (3afcd75de8de0bb5076942fcb17446be50451030) foo.txt: unmerged (c9785d77b76dfe4fb038bf927ee518f6ae45ede4) error: Error building trees The "need merge" line is given by refresh_cache. We add the IN_PORCELAIN option to make the output more consistant with the other porcelain commands, and catch the error in return, to stop with a clean error message. The next lines were displayed by a call to cache_tree_update(), which is not reached anymore if we noticed the conflict. The new output looks like: U foo.txt fatal: 'commit' is not possible because you have unmerged files. Please, fix them up in the work tree, and then use 'git add/rm <file>' as appropriate to mark resolution and make a commit, or use 'git commit -a'. Pull is slightly modified to abort immediately if $GIT_DIR/MERGE_HEAD exists instead of waiting for merge to complain. The behavior of merge and the test-case are slightly modified to reflect the usual flow: start with conflicts, fix them, and afterwards get rid of MERGE_HEAD, with different error messages at each stage. Signed-off-by: Matthieu Moy <Matthieu.Moy@imag.fr> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
13 years ago
}
void detach_advice(const char *new_name)
{
const char fmt[] =
"Note: checking out '%s'.\n\n"
"You are in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental\n"
"changes and commit them, and you can discard any commits you make in this\n"
"state without impacting any branches by performing another checkout.\n\n"
"If you want to create a new branch to retain commits you create, you may\n"
"do so (now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:\n\n"
" git checkout -b new_branch_name\n\n";
fprintf(stderr, fmt, new_name);
}