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git/strvec.h

92 lines
2.8 KiB

#ifndef STRVEC_H
#define STRVEC_H
/**
* The strvec API allows one to dynamically build and store
* NULL-terminated arrays of strings. A strvec maintains the invariant that the
* `items` member always points to a non-NULL array, and that the array is
* always NULL-terminated at the element pointed to by `items[nr]`. This
* makes the result suitable for passing to functions expecting to receive
* argv from main().
*
* The string-list API (documented in string-list.h) is similar, but cannot be
* used for these purposes; instead of storing a straight string pointer,
* it contains an item structure with a `util` field that is not compatible
* with the traditional argv interface.
*
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
* Each `strvec` manages its own memory. Any strings pushed into the
* array are duplicated, and all memory is freed by strvec_clear().
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
extern const char *empty_strvec[];
/**
* A single array. This should be initialized by assignment from
* `STRVEC_INIT`, or by calling `strvec_init`. The `items`
* member contains the actual array; the `nr` member contains the
* number of elements in the array, not including the terminating
* NULL.
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
struct strvec {
const char **v;
size_t nr;
size_t alloc;
};
#define STRVEC_INIT { \
.v = empty_strvec, \
}
/**
* Initialize an array. This is no different than assigning from
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
* `STRVEC_INIT`.
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_init(struct strvec *);
/* Push a copy of a string onto the end of the array. */
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
const char *strvec_push(struct strvec *, const char *);
/**
* Format a string and push it onto the end of the array. This is a
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
* convenience wrapper combining `strbuf_addf` and `strvec_push`.
*/
__attribute__((format (printf,2,3)))
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
const char *strvec_pushf(struct strvec *, const char *fmt, ...);
/**
* Push a list of strings onto the end of the array. The arguments
* should be a list of `const char *` strings, terminated by a NULL
* argument.
*/
LAST_ARG_MUST_BE_NULL
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_pushl(struct strvec *, ...);
/* Push a null-terminated array of strings onto the end of the array. */
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_pushv(struct strvec *, const char **);
/**
* Remove the final element from the array. If there are no
* elements in the array, do nothing.
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_pop(struct strvec *);
/* Splits by whitespace; does not handle quoted arguments! */
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_split(struct strvec *, const char *);
/**
* Free all memory associated with the array and return it to the
* initial, empty state.
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
void strvec_clear(struct strvec *);
/**
* Disconnect the `items` member from the `strvec` struct and
* return it. The caller is responsible for freeing the memory used
* by the array, and by the strings it references. After detaching,
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
* the `strvec` is in a reinitialized state and can be pushed
* into again.
*/
argv-array: rename to strvec The name "argv-array" isn't very good, because it describes what the data type can be used for (program argument arrays), not what it actually is (a dynamically-growing string array that maintains a NULL-terminator invariant). This leads to people being hesitant to use it for other cases where it would actually be a good fit. The existing name is also clunky to use. It's overly long, and the name often leads to saying things like "argv.argv" (i.e., the field names overlap with variable names, since they're describing the use, not the type). Let's give it a more neutral name. I settled on "strvec" because "vector" is the name for a dynamic array type in many programming languages. "strarray" would work, too, but it's longer and a bit more awkward to say (and don't we all say these things in our mind as we type them?). A more extreme direction would be a generic data structure which stores a NULL-terminated of _any_ type. That would be easy to do with void pointers, but we'd lose some type safety for the existing cases. Plus it raises questions about memory allocation and ownership. So I limited myself here to changing names only, and not semantics. If we do find a use for that more generic data type, we could perhaps implement it at a lower level and then provide type-safe wrappers around it for strings. But that can come later. This patch does the minimum to convert the struct and function names in the header and implementation, leaving a few things for follow-on patches: - files retain their original names for now - struct field names are retained for now - there's a preprocessor compat layer that lets most users remain the same for now. The exception is headers which made a manual forward declaration of the struct. I've converted them (and their dependent function declarations) here. Signed-off-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
2 years ago
const char **strvec_detach(struct strvec *);
#endif /* STRVEC_H */