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#include "strbuf.h"
* Iterate over a directory tree.
* Iterate over a directory tree, recursively, including paths of all
* types and hidden paths. Skip "." and ".." entries and don't follow
* symlinks except for the original path. Note that the original path
* is not included in the iteration.
* Every time dir_iterator_advance() is called, update the members of
* the dir_iterator structure to reflect the next path in the
* iteration. The order that paths are iterated over within a
* directory is undefined, directory paths are always given before
* their contents.
* A typical iteration looks like this:
* int ok;
* unsigned int flags = DIR_ITERATOR_PEDANTIC;
* struct dir_iterator *iter = dir_iterator_begin(path, flags);
* if (!iter)
* goto error_handler;
* while ((ok = dir_iterator_advance(iter)) == ITER_OK) {
* if (want_to_stop_iteration()) {
* ok = dir_iterator_abort(iter);
* break;
* }
* // Access information about the current path:
* if (S_ISDIR(iter->st.st_mode))
* printf("%s is a directory\n", iter->relative_path);
* }
* if (ok != ITER_DONE)
* handle_error();
* Callers are allowed to modify iter->path while they are working,
* but they must restore it to its original contents before calling
* dir_iterator_advance() again.
* Flags for dir_iterator_begin:
* - DIR_ITERATOR_PEDANTIC: override dir-iterator's default behavior
* in case of an error at dir_iterator_advance(), which is to keep
* looking for a next valid entry. With this flag, resources are freed
* and ITER_ERROR is returned immediately. In both cases, a meaningful
* warning is emitted. Note: ENOENT errors are always ignored so that
* the API users may remove files during iteration.
* - DIR_ITERATOR_FOLLOW_SYMLINKS: make dir-iterator follow symlinks.
* i.e., linked directories' contents will be iterated over and
* iter-> will contain information on the referred files,
* not the symlinks themselves, which is the default behavior. Broken
* symlinks are ignored.
* Warning: circular symlinks are also followed when
* DIR_ITERATOR_FOLLOW_SYMLINKS is set. The iteration may end up with
* an ELOOP if they happen and DIR_ITERATOR_PEDANTIC is set.
#define DIR_ITERATOR_PEDANTIC (1 << 0)
struct dir_iterator {
/* The current path: */
struct strbuf path;
* The current path relative to the starting path. This part
* of the path always uses "/" characters to separate path
* components:
const char *relative_path;
/* The current basename: */
const char *basename;
* The result of calling lstat() on path; or stat(), if the
* dir_iterator's initialization.
struct stat st;
* Start a directory iteration over path with the combination of
* options specified by flags. On success, return a dir_iterator
* that holds the internal state of the iteration. In case of
* failure, return NULL and set errno accordingly.
* The iteration includes all paths under path, not including path
* itself and not including "." or ".." entries.
* Parameters are:
* - path is the starting directory. An internal copy will be made.
* - flags is a combination of the possible flags to initialize a
* dir-iterator or 0 for default behavior.
struct dir_iterator *dir_iterator_begin(const char *path, unsigned int flags);
* Advance the iterator to the first or next item and return ITER_OK.
* If the iteration is exhausted, free the dir_iterator and any
* resources associated with it and return ITER_DONE.
* It is a bug to use iterator or call this function again after it
* has returned ITER_DONE or ITER_ERROR (which may be returned iff
* the DIR_ITERATOR_PEDANTIC flag was set).
int dir_iterator_advance(struct dir_iterator *iterator);
* End the iteration before it has been exhausted. Free the
* dir_iterator and any associated resources and return ITER_DONE. On
* error, free the dir_iterator and return ITER_ERROR.
int dir_iterator_abort(struct dir_iterator *iterator);