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README.md

The Plain Libre

The Plain Libre is just another minimalist Jekyll theme that designed to focus on writing matters. This theme is best use for personal blog.

This theme relies on 100% free software, does not include any Javascript and the font used is served from the local instance. It has been tested on Parabola GNU/Linux-libre.

Original version

Screenshots

screenshot screenshot2

This version compared to the original one 1443d83

  • Removed all analytics
  • Removed Google font
  • Removed Gravatar
  • Removed MathJax
  • Simpler image handling
  • Fully static commenting system
  • Full tag and category support
  • Excerpts support
  • Better search Engine Optimization (SEO)
  • Compressed html output
  • Basic sitemap
  • Style
    • Changed main font
    • Changed background colors
    • Bigger font rendering
    • outline: none for links
    • Last post update shown
    • Lists CSS: circle instead of disk

TODO

  • Follow web typography guidelines like these

  • Better mobile support

  • CNAME?

  • shell scipt that builds example posts, images (base64 or similar), etc using:

    cat <<-EOF
    # whatever
    EOF
    

    so that examples and real blog content can be decoupled. This script will be called using the Makefile.

Theme installation

# pacman -S ruby
$ gem update
$ gem install jekyll jekyll-sitemap

Building and serving

Local serving (127.0.0.1)

$ make

Global serving (0.0.0.0)

$ make serve-global

Tutorial

Commenting system

Overview

This theme handles comments in the most static way possible: a mailto link is generated for each post thanks to GMAIL mail aliases, using the address specified in the _config.yml file. This idea came out while reading this page.

Moreover, for each post a comment section gets exposed. To get comments inside this section, you must create a new file in the _comments directory using the corresponding posts path name as file name. Let's say a user sends a comment for the another-post post. The mailto link will have this structure:

<your_gmail_email>+2017-02-11-another-post@gmail.com

You may notice the substring 2017-02-11-another-post after the gmail's email (but it works for any mailer system supporting these kind of mail aliases). This string is part of the file name corresponding to the post which is:

./_posts/2017-02-11-another-post.md

Let's ingnore the ./_posts/ and .md substrings for a moment and save 2017-02-11-another-post somewhere. Since a post may have more than a comment, we must distinguish between one and another. To do this we create a new directory using the comment path, like the following:

$ mkdir _/comments/2017-02-11-another-post

and we will save the comment files inside to keep things tidy.

We then create a new markdown file corresponding to the comment, and its file name will be used as an id, for example:

0.md

You can use any non spaced string, and avoid using .md except at the end of this file name.

Out final comment path is:

./comments/2017-02-11-another-post/0.md

As a final remark you may have noticed that each comment is referenced as a paragraph (using the id) and that markdown is enabled by default.

Comment attributes

Comment files have 5 attributes:

  • layout

    • Always use comment as variable.
  • date

    • Use the format reported by the following date command:

      $ date "+%F %T %z"
      
  • from

    • string representing the name or the id or the mail of the person that commented the post.
  • subject

    • String representing the mail subject.

For example:

---
layout: comment
title: This is another post
date: 2017-02-11 23:37:05 +0100
from: x.y@y.x, A Mailer
subject: test subject
---

This is a test comment for the `Hello again` post.

```python
def hi
```

Media files

Extending this ideas I came up with the following:

Overview

Just like comments, each media file is contained in one directory corresponding to a post. However, unlike comments, media content may be referenced from more than one post. This is how it works.

File locations

If out example post is ./_posts/2017-02-11-another-post.md and we want to add media files to it, we must create a corresponding directory in _media:

./_media/2017-02-11-another-post

We can now place our file inside, for example:

./_media/2017-02-11-another-post/terminal.png

Possible combinations

Now, let's go back to ./_posts/2017-02-11-another-post.md. To be able to display that picture we need to use the include liquid tag. In the simplest form the only required parameter is the file name:

{% include image.html file="terminal.png" %}

You can also use the alt and/or capiton tags:

{% include image.html file="terminal.png" alt="ter" caption="A terminal example caption" %}

You can also use plain markdown, which is not advisable in this case, since you need to input the whole path:

![ter]({{ site.baseurl }}/media/2017-02-11-another-post/terminal.png)

Calling files from another post

In some cases you may want to recall media files from another post. You can do that using the otherpost tag. Let's say we are in the ./_posts/2015-09-09-download-this-theme.md post.

{% include image.html file="2017-02-11-another-post/terminal.png" alt="Terminal" caption="A terminal image from the other post" otherpost=true %}

As you can see you don't have to specify the full path but only the post name slash the file name. The rest is filled in automatically.

Finally, notice the otherpost=true tag at the end.

Notice and warning

If you do not include the alt tag a default one will be provided instead.

This include feature is currently available only for images.

Static pages

Reading this gave me the idea to move the static pages like index, 404, etc.. in the ./_pages directory. If you want to add new pages remember to add a sensible permalink for each page and remember to keep include: [ "_pages" ] and:

collections:
  pages:
    output: false

in the _config.yml file.

Tags and categories

Overview

In this theme tags and categories are considered the same thing. I will use the word tag to speak about both tags and categories.

I gathered some ideas from here and using the official Jekyll documentation.

A full list of tags is present on the home page, i.e: ./_pages/index.html. This list is just a set of links pointing to the appropriate entry in the ./_pages/tags.md page. This page has that same list as well as links to each post belonging to a tag.

If a post contains at least one tag, this is reported at the top of the page with a link pointing to the appropriate bookmark of ./_pages/tags.md (just like in the home page). A user looking at a post can see all related posts just by clicking at those tag links.

Format

The tag entry is optional which means that you can specify from 0 to n tags. If you want to add some, simply write your comma separated list of tags in the front matter of your post:

tags: [tag 0, tag 1, ... , tag n]

Let's make an example. What follows is the front matter of the ./_posts/2015-09-09-download-this-theme.md post.

---
title: Download this Theme
updated: 2017-04-09 00:29
categories:  Download
tags: [download, terminal, image from another post]
---

As you may have noticed, tags can contain spaces.

Once you run make, you should see the following links just below the Download this Theme title:

*download* *terminal* *image from another post*

Excerpts

Excerpts are reported in the home page.

Use the <!--more--> tag inside a post to mark the end of the excerpt.

If this tag is omitted, the first 10 words of the post will be reported instead. You can specify the number of words in the excerpt by editing the excerpt_words variable in the ./_config.yml file.

If you are not interested in excerpts set the excerpt_enabled variable to false in ./_config.yml.

Have a look at this article for more ideas.

RSS feeds

This theme contains an Atom file useful for RSS feeds in ./_pages/feed.xml

The link to feed.xml is available in the footer of every page thanks to a modified public domain svg icon. The purpose is that your readers open this link with a feed reader so that they remain up to date with your posts.

A patch has been added to the SVG image because it was badly rendered on some browsers available for Android. See this article.

Search Engine Optimizaition (SEO)

I'm a noob in this field so I followed this tutorial and this SEO checker.

  • meta
  • sitemaps
  • images
    • always use alt tags. For images in ./_assets these are already coded in.
  • responsiveness
  • robots.txt
  • social media and other stuff
    • TODO

meta and other SEO tags

meta tags are available in the ./_includes/head.html file. These include: title, description and canonical links.

The description meta tag uses the first available, in this order, of the following:

  • Front matter description tag
  • Page excerpt
  • Site description

It is advised to use the description tag since excerpts or the site description may not relate to the (whole) page content. Here's an example:

---
title: This is another post
updated: 2017-04-09 23:00
tags: [other, liquid, terminal]
description: How to use markdown and liquid to render images belonging to a 
post.
---

You can also edit the following variables in ./_config.ymlto limit the number
of words in the description meta tag. Avoid values greater than 160 as reported by previously cited articles:

meta_description_words
meta_excerpt_words
meta_site_description_words

Sitemaps

A sitemap used for web crawlers is available thanks to the jekyll-sitemap plugin.

There is also a (very) basic sitemap for users under the /sitemap/ permalink which has a link for it at the top of each page.

robots.txt

This very important file must be put under the root of your domain. It is used by web crawlers (a.k.a bots, spiders, etc) to get access information about the website. In our case it is also important to tell these programs that our site has a sitemap. Read this and this for more information.

For example, since this project is called the-plain-libre and is published under https://frnmst.github.io/the-plain-libre, we need to put the robots.txt file just under https://frnmst.github.io/, i.e

https://frnmst.github.io/robots.txt

Since I didn't have neither a "user page" nor a domain I created a dummy user page repository and I copied the robots.txt file from the generated ./_site directory from Jekyll. This works for me. This means that in my case the robots.txt in this repository is ignored by the bots.

I guess that if you have multiple repository pages you can edit the robots.txt file appropriately and set rules (and sitemap locations) for each one of them.

Mobile support

Mobile support is available for this theme through the CSS file. It works but it could be much better.

Avatar

Use a squared avatar in ./_assets/avatar.jpg.

Compressed HTML output

By default Jekyll leaves lots of whitespace in the html source. You can verify this yourself.

Since useless white space == useless data, we transmit useless bytes, thus slowing down the website.

For this reason I decided to use a compressed html output thanks to jekyll-compress-html, which is a pure liquid layout to be used as a wrapper on the ./_layouts/default.html layout.

jekyll-compress-html is released under the MIT license.

License

Copyright (C) 2017, Franco Masotti franco.masotti@student.unife.it

MIT